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Green marketing approaches and their impact on green purchase intentions: mediating role of green brand image and consumer beliefs towards the environment.

green marketing thesis

1. Introduction

  • Does eco-labelling have a significant impact on green purchase intention?
  • Does green packaging and branding has a significant impact on green purchase intention?
  • Do green products’ premium and pricing have a significant impact on green purchase intention?
  • Does green brand image significantly mediate the relationship between eco-labelling and green purchase intention?
  • Do green packaging and branding significantly mediate the relationship between eco-labelling and green purchase intention?
  • Do green products, premium, and pricing significantly mediate the relationship between eco-labelling and green purchase intention?

2. Literature Review and Hypotheses Development

3. methods and materials, 4. data analysis and results, 4.1. demographics, 4.2. measurement model assessment, 4.3. structural model assessment, mediation analysis, 5. discussion, 6. conclusions, 7. implications, 8. limitations and future directions, author contributions, informed consent statement, data availability statement, acknowledgments, conflicts of interest.

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  • Wei, S.; Ang, T.; Jancenelle, V.E. Willingness to Pay More for Green Products: The Interplay of Consumer Characteristics and Customer Participation. J. Retail. Consum. Serv. 2018 , 45 , 230–238. [ Google Scholar ] [ CrossRef ]
Age (years)20 or below449.7
50 or above357.7
Cronbach’s Alpha Composite Reliability (AVE)
CBTE 0.824 0.820 0.616
EL 0.836 0.867 0.619
GBI 0.814 0.825 0.557
ConstructOriginal Sample
Standard Deviation
T Statisticsp Values
EL → GPI0.1310.1380.0582.3170.000
GPB → GPI0.2810.2860.0284.6540.000
GPPP → GPI0.3080.3100.0346.1440.000
Endogenous ConstructR SquareR Square Adjusted
No.RelationshipOriginal Sample (O)Mean (M)Standard Deviation (STDEV)T-Statisticsp-Values
1EL → GBI → GPI0.2570.3680.0303.6220.000
2GPB → GBI → GPI0.2780.3850.0293.7850.000
3GPPP → GBI → GPI0.3420.3390.0724.7230.000
4EL → CBTE → GPI0.0210.0030.0890.3370.551
5GPB → CBTE → GPI0.1610.1630.0283.4110.000
6GPPP → CBTE → GPI0.4290.4460.1167.6880.000
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Majeed, M.U.; Aslam, S.; Murtaza, S.A.; Attila, S.; Molnár, E. Green Marketing Approaches and Their Impact on Green Purchase Intentions: Mediating Role of Green Brand Image and Consumer Beliefs towards the Environment. Sustainability 2022 , 14 , 11703.

Majeed MU, Aslam S, Murtaza SA, Attila S, Molnár E. Green Marketing Approaches and Their Impact on Green Purchase Intentions: Mediating Role of Green Brand Image and Consumer Beliefs towards the Environment. Sustainability . 2022; 14(18):11703.

Majeed, Muhammad Ussama, Sumaira Aslam, Shah Ali Murtaza, Szakács Attila, and Edina Molnár. 2022. "Green Marketing Approaches and Their Impact on Green Purchase Intentions: Mediating Role of Green Brand Image and Consumer Beliefs towards the Environment" Sustainability 14, no. 18: 11703.

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Shodhganga : a reservoir of Indian theses @ INFLIBNET

  • Shodhganga@INFLIBNET
  • Indira Gandhi University Meerpur,Rewari
Title: A study of consumer perception and green buying Behaviour towards green marketing practices With reference to fmcg products
Researcher: Sharma, Manjeet
Keywords: Business
Social Sciences
University: Indira Gandhi University Meerpur,Rewari
Completed Date: 2022
Abstract: newline
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Green Marketing: A Study of Consumer Perception and Preferences in India

  • Bhatia, Mayank ;

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Concerns have been expressed by manufacturers and customers about the environmental impact of products during recent decades. Consumers and manufacturers have directed their attention toward environment friendly products that are presumed to be “green” or environment friendly like low power consuming (energy-efficient) electrical appliances, organic foods, lead free paints, recyclable paper, and phosphate free detergents. Indian marketers are also realizing the importance of the Green Marketing Concept. Although a variety of research on green marketing has been conducted across the globe; little academic research on consumer perception and preferences has been carried out in India. This research provides a brief review of environmental issues and identifies the green values of the consumers, their level of awareness about environmental issues, green products and practices. This paper highlights the consumers’ perception and preferences towards green marketing practices and products with the help of a structured questionnaire. A study was conducted on 106 respondents. High level of awareness about green marketing practices and products was found among the consumers. Green values were also found to be high among the respondents. Research has given good insights for marketers of the green products and suggests the need of designing the marketing communication campaigns promoting green products due to high green value among the consumers. Results of regression analysis reveals the view that overall green values, awareness about green products and practices and the perception regarding seriousness of marketing companies towards green marketing had positive significant impact on consumer persuasion to buy and prefer green products over conventional products.

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What Is Green Marketing?

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What Is Green Marketing? Definition, Example and How It Works

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Yarilet Perez is an experienced multimedia journalist and fact-checker with a Master of Science in Journalism. She has worked in multiple cities covering breaking news, politics, education, and more. Her expertise is in personal finance and investing, and real estate.

green marketing thesis

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Green marketing refers to the practice of developing and advertising products based on their real or perceived environmental sustainability. 

Examples of green marketing include advertising the reduced emissions associated with a product’s manufacturing process, or the use of post-consumer recycled materials for a product's packaging. Some companies also may market themselves as being environmentally-conscious companies by donating a portion of their sales proceeds to environmental initiatives, such as tree planting.

Key Takeaways

  • Green marketing describes a company's efforts to advertise the environmental sustainability of its business practices.
  • The emergence of a consumer population that is becoming increasingly concerned with environmental and social factors has led to green marketing becoming an important component of corporate public relations.
  • One criticism of green marketing practices is that they tend to favor large corporations that can absorb the additional costs entailed by these programs.
  • Smaller businesses may not be able to shoulder the high-cost burden of green marketing, but this isn't to say, they cannot.
  • Greenwashing occurs when a company states it is involved in environmental endeavors but it turns out the claims can't be substantiated.

How Green Marketing Works

Green marketing is one component of a broader movement toward socially and environmentally conscious business practices. Increasingly, consumers have come to expect companies to demonstrate their commitment to improving their operations alongside various environmental, social, and governance (ESG) criteria. To that end, many companies will distribute social impact statements on an ongoing basis, in which they periodically self-report their progress toward these goals.

Typical examples of ESG-related improvements include the reduction of carbon emissions involved in a company’s operations, the maintenance of high labor standards both domestically and throughout international supply chains , and philanthropic programs designed to support the communities in which the company operates. Although green marketing refers specifically to environmental initiatives, these efforts are increasingly presented alongside social and corporate governance policies as well. 

When a company’s green marketing activities are not substantiated by significant investments or operational changes, it may be criticized for false or misleading advertising. This practice is also sometimes referred to as greenwashing , and the fines and negative press can be tremendous. For example, on April 8, 2022, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) made a public announcement that it was issuing a $5.5 million penalty via its Penalty Offense Authority to Kohl's Inc. ($2.5 million) and Walmart, Inc. ($3 million) due to their deceptive environmental claims about rayon products. This is the largest civil penalty in FTC history.

There are many incentives for companies that choose to engage in green marketing. To begin with, a companies’ perceived commitment to environmental causes is an increasingly important factor influencing many consumers' spending habits.

Example of Green Marketing

Starbucks is often cited as a leader in green marketing practices. The company has invested heavily in various social and environmental initiatives in recent years. For example, in a 2018 report, Starbucks reported that it had committed over $140 million to the development of renewable energy sources . The company purchases enough renewable energy to power all of its company-operated stores throughout North America and the United Kingdom.

Similarly, the company has made investments in social impact projects through initiatives such as the Starbucks College Achievement Plan. Through this project, many U.S.-based Starbucks employees who work more than 20 hours a week on average are eligible to receive fully-paid tuition to the online undergraduate degree program offered by Arizona State University. This project, as well as similar commitments in areas related to the employment of veterans, have formed an important part of Starbucks’ green marketing initiatives.

From an investor's point of view, these kinds of green marketing initiatives can prove essential in building and maintaining a valuable brand, particularly for consumer-facing companies such as Starbucks. However, some critics argue that green marketing can exacerbate the existing advantages of larger companies at the expense of their small or mid-sized competitors.

After all, implementing robust social or environmental programs often involves additional overhead costs . For large companies, these costs can easily be borne and may even form part of the company’s existing marketing budget. For smaller companies, however, the addition of these costs may significantly impair the profitability or viability of the business.

What Is Greenwashing?

Greenwashing is when a company makes claims about its positive environmental endeavors but is misleading the public about them, or outright lying. If a company's green marketing activities are found to be false, the company may be hit with heavy penalties and bad press.

What Are Some Green Companies?

Starbucks, Patagonia, and Burts Bees are all active in green marketing due to the high level of positive ecological and social programs that these companies support.

What Is an Example of Green Marketing?

Green marketing focuses on myriad environmentally friendly policies and initiatives that illuminate products and services that are more beneficial (or at least less harmful) to the environment than other products.

Federal Trade Commission. " FTC Uses Penalty Offense Authority to Seek Largest-Ever Civil Penalty for Bogus Bamboo Marketing from Kohl’s and Walmart ."

Starbucks. " This Store Is Powered by Sunshine’: Solar and Wind Power Fuel Starbucks Stores ."

Starbucks. " Starbucks 2019: Global Social Impact Report ," Page 7.

Starbucks. " Education: Careers, Future Leaders Start Here ."

green marketing thesis

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Elektrostal Population157,409 inhabitants
Elektrostal Population Density3,179.3 /km² (8,234.4 /sq mi)

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Elektrostal Geographical coordinatesLatitude: , Longitude:
55° 48′ 0″ North, 38° 27′ 0″ East
Elektrostal Area4,951 hectares
49.51 km² (19.12 sq mi)
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8 June02:43 - 11:25 - 20:0701:43 - 21:0701:00 - 01:00 01:00 - 01:00
9 June02:42 - 11:25 - 20:0801:42 - 21:0801:00 - 01:00 01:00 - 01:00
10 June02:42 - 11:25 - 20:0901:41 - 21:0901:00 - 01:00 01:00 - 01:00
11 June02:41 - 11:25 - 20:1001:41 - 21:1001:00 - 01:00 01:00 - 01:00
12 June02:41 - 11:26 - 20:1101:40 - 21:1101:00 - 01:00 01:00 - 01:00
13 June02:40 - 11:26 - 20:1101:40 - 21:1201:00 - 01:00 01:00 - 01:00
14 June02:40 - 11:26 - 20:1201:39 - 21:1301:00 - 01:00 01:00 - 01:00

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Located next to Noginskoye Highway in Electrostal, Apelsin Hotel offers comfortable rooms with free Wi-Fi. Free parking is available. The elegant rooms are air conditioned and feature a flat-screen satellite TV and fridge...

Located in the green area Yamskiye Woods, 5 km from Elektrostal city centre, this hotel features a sauna and a restaurant. It offers rooms with a kitchen...

Ekotel Bogorodsk Hotel is located in a picturesque park near Chernogolovsky Pond. It features an indoor swimming pool and a wellness centre. Free Wi-Fi and private parking are provided...

Surrounded by 420,000 m² of parkland and overlooking Kovershi Lake, this hotel outside Moscow offers spa and fitness facilities, and a private beach area with volleyball court and loungers...

Surrounded by green parklands, this hotel in the Moscow region features 2 restaurants, a bowling alley with bar, and several spa and fitness facilities. Moscow Ring Road is 17 km away...

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  24. Elektrostal

    city in Moscow Oblast, Russia