what is a good controversial topic for a research paper

Affiliate 💸

Get started free

Research Paper

99 of the Most Controversial Research Paper Topics (Controversial Yet Interesting)

Ignite debates with thought-provoking content! Explore controversial research paper topics for compelling discussions and academic exploration.

Feb 20, 2024

woman holding a large book - Controversial Research Paper Topics

Dive into a world of contentious debates and thought-provoking discussions with a deep look at controversial research paper topics. From exploring ethical dilemmas to dissecting societal taboos, this blog will navigate the intricate landscape of controversial subjects, shedding light on research paper structure while captivating your intellectual curiosity. Join us as we unravel the complexities of these contentious issues and challenge the norms of traditional research. Let's embark on a journey of exploration and critical analysis together.

Table of Contents

Why controversial research paper topics make the best research papers, how to effectively structure a controversial research paper, supercharge your researching ability with otio — try otio for free today.

man in library looking for Controversial Research Paper Topics

1. Stimulates Critical Thinking and Debates

Controversial research paper topics have the unique ability to spark intense debates and discussions among researchers, academics, and the general public. These topics often challenge preconceived notions and push individuals to think critically, analyze different perspectives, and defend their own viewpoints. The intellectual stimulation that arises from debating controversial issues can lead to groundbreaking insights and innovative solutions.

2. Encourages Exploration of Taboo Subjects

Controversial research paper topics often touch upon taboo subjects that are considered sensitive or off-limits in mainstream discourse. By delving into these contentious areas, researchers have the opportunity to explore uncharted territories , challenge societal norms, and shed light on marginalized voices. This exploration can lead to a deeper understanding of complex issues and contribute to social progress and change.

3. Drives Innovation and Creativity

The inherent controversy surrounding these research paper topics pushes researchers to think outside the box, question traditional beliefs, and come up with novel approaches to address challenging issues. This drive for innovation and creativity can lead to the development of groundbreaking theories, methodologies, and solutions that have the potential to revolutionize the field of study and have a lasting impact on society.

4. Captures Public Attention and Interest

Controversial research paper topics have a certain allure that captures the attention and interest of a wide audience. These topics often deal with pressing social, political, and ethical issues that resonate with people on a personal level. As a result, research papers on controversial topics have the potential to reach a larger audience, generate public discourse, and raise awareness about important issues that might otherwise be overlooked.

5. Fosters Resilience and Intellectual Courage

Engaging with controversial research paper topics requires a certain level of resilience and intellectual courage. Researchers must be willing to confront uncomfortable truths, challenge prevailing beliefs, and navigate potential backlash or criticism. By tackling controversial subjects head-on, researchers can develop a greater sense of resilience, strengthen their analytical skills, and cultivate the intellectual courage necessary to push boundaries and pursue innovative research agendas.

Related Reading

• Research Paper Thesis Examples • Best Research Paper Topics • How To Write A Research Paper Outline • Research Topics For High School • History Research Paper Topics • Examples Of Research Topics • Us History Research Paper Topics • How To Write A Research Report • Topics For History Research Paper • How To Choose A Research Topic • How To Write A Research Paper Fast • English Research Paper Topics • Tips For Writing A Research Paper • Best Topics For Research Paper • Scientific Research Paper Topics • Research Paper Ideas For English • What To Include In Introduction Of Research Paper • Research Paper Draft

a note taking book - Controversial Research Paper Topics

1. Genetic modification of embryos: Ethical implications and future considerations

Exploring the ethical dilemmas surrounding the genetic modification of embryos and the potential impact on future generations.

2. Mandatory vaccinations: Balancing public health and individual rights

Investigating the debate on mandatory vaccinations to prevent the spread of contagious diseases while respecting personal freedoms.

3. Climate change denial: The science, the skeptics, and the consequences

Examining the arguments of climate change deniers, the scientific consensus, and the potential consequences of inaction.

4. Artificial intelligence: Enhancing society or posing a threat to humanity?

Delving into the benefits and risks of artificial intelligence in various aspects of society and its potential impact on humanity.

5. Legalizing euthanasia: Compassion or moral dilemma?

Analyzing the arguments for and against legalizing euthanasia, considering the ethical and moral implications.

6. Gun control: Striking a balance between safety and Second Amendment rights

Exploring the contentious issue of gun control, addressing public safety concerns while upholding constitutional rights.

7. Animal testing: Scientific necessity or ethical concern?

Examining the use of animals in scientific research, weighing the benefits of medical advancement against animal welfare concerns.

8. Capital punishment: Just retribution or inhumane practice?

Discussing the arguments surrounding the death penalty, including its deterrent effect, justice for victims, and ethical considerations.

9. Nuclear energy: Sustainable solution or environmental risk?

Investigating the role of nuclear energy in the quest for sustainable power sources and its potential environmental impact.

10. Gender identity: Biological reality vs. self-perception

Exploring the complexity of gender identity, including biological, social, and personal factors that influence one's sense of self.

11. Online privacy: Balancing security with individual freedom

Analyzing the tension between protecting online privacy and the need for security measures in the digital age.

12. Legalization of prostitution: Empowerment or exploitation?

Examining the arguments for and against legalizing prostitution, considering the impact on sex workers and society.

13. Cloning: Scientific advancement or ethical dilemma?

Delving into the science and ethics of cloning, including its potential benefits and the moral implications of cloning humans.

14. Cultural appropriation: Appreciation or exploitation?

Discussing the fine line between cultural appreciation and appropriation, considering power dynamics and historical contexts.

15. Universal basic income: Addressing inequality or encouraging dependency?

Exploring the concept of universal basic income as a solution to economic disparities and its potential societal implications.

16. Genetically modified organisms (GMOs): Feeding the world or endangering health?

Investigating the controversy surrounding GMOs, including their role in food production, safety concerns, and environmental impact.

17. Social media influence: Empowering or manipulating society?

Analyzing the influence of social media on individuals and society, including its role in shaping opinions and behaviors.

18. Cyberbullying: The dark side of online interactions

Exploring the prevalence and impact of cyberbullying on mental health and well-being, and strategies for prevention.

19. Art censorship: Preserving morals or stifling creativity?

Discussing the debate on art censorship, considering cultural sensitivities, freedom of expression, and artistic integrity.

20. The obesity epidemic: Personal responsibility or societal problem?

Examining the factors contributing to the obesity epidemic, including lifestyle choices, food environment, and public health policies.

21. Renewable energy sources: Transitioning towards a sustainable future

Investigating the potential of renewable energy sources to reduce carbon emissions and combat climate change.

22. Racial profiling: Law enforcement tool or civil rights violation?

Analyzing the practice of racial profiling, its impact on marginalized communities, and efforts to address systemic bias.

23. The privacy vs. security debate: Striking a balance in the digital age

Exploring the trade-offs between privacy rights and national security concerns, especially in the context of technological advancements.

24. The future of work: Automation, AI, and the changing labor landscape

Discussing the impact of automation and artificial intelligence on the workforce, including job displacement and skills training.

25. Body modification: Self-expression or societal taboo?

Examining the motivations behind body modifications, including tattoos, piercings, and cosmetic surgeries, and societal perceptions.

26. Educational inequality: Addressing disparities in access and quality

Investigating the factors contributing to educational inequality, including funding disparities, systemic barriers, and solutions for reform.

27. Medical marijuana: Healing herb or gateway drug?

Exploring the therapeutic potential of medical marijuana , its legal status, and the debate on its recreational use.

28. Sustainable agriculture: Balancing productivity with environmental stewardship

Discussing sustainable farming practices that promote food security while minimizing environmental impact and preserving natural resources.

29. Cybersecurity threats: Protecting data in the digital age

Analyzing the evolving landscape of cybersecurity threats, including hacking, identity theft, and data breaches, and strategies for protection.

30. Animal rights activism: Advocacy for ethical treatment or extremist ideology?

Examining the motivations and tactics of animal rights activists, legal protections for animals, and ethical considerations in animal welfare.

31. The role of media in shaping public opinion: Informative tool or propaganda machine?

Discussing the influence of media outlets on public perception, including bias, misinformation, and the importance of critical thinking.

32. Immigration policies: National security or human rights concern?

Exploring the complexities of immigration policies , including border control, refugee rights, and the socio-economic impact of migration.

33. Gender pay gap: Workplace inequality and the fight for equal pay

Investigating the disparities in wages based on gender, factors contributing to the gender pay gap, and strategies for achieving pay equity.

34. Mental health stigma: Breaking the silence and promoting understanding

Discussing the stigma surrounding mental health issues, misconceptions, and the importance of destigmatizing mental illness.

35. Space exploration: Inspiring innovation or wasteful expenditure?

Exploring the benefits of space exploration in scientific advancement, technological innovation, and the ethical considerations of space travel.

36. Internet censorship: Protecting society or stifling free speech?

Analyzing the implications of internet censorship on freedom of expression, access to information, and government control of online content.

37. Cultural diversity in the workplace: Promoting inclusivity or tokenism?

Examining the importance of cultural diversity in the workplace, challenges faced by diverse employees, and best practices for fostering inclusivity.

38. Autonomous vehicles: Revolutionizing transportation or safety risk?

Discussing the potential of self-driving cars to improve road safety, reduce traffic congestion, and ethical considerations in autonomous vehicle technology.

39. Gender stereotypes in media: Reinforcing norms or challenging perceptions?

Investigating the portrayal of gender stereotypes in media, its impact on society, and efforts to promote gender equality in media representation.

40. Food insecurity: Hunger in a world of abundance

Exploring the root causes of food insecurity, including poverty, conflict, and climate change, and solutions to address global hunger.

41. The ethics of whistleblowing: Exposing truth or breaching trust?

Discussing the moral dilemmas faced by whistleblowers, the impact of whistleblowing on organizations, and legal protections for whistleblowers.

42. Alternative medicine: Holistic healing or pseudoscience?

Examining the efficacy of alternative medicine practices, including acupuncture, herbal remedies, and homeopathy, and the debate on their scientific basis.

43. Body image and the media: Unrealistic standards and mental health

Analyzing the influence of media on body image perceptions, the prevalence of body dysmorphia, and strategies for promoting positive self-esteem.

44. Plastic pollution: A global environmental crisis

Investigating the impact of plastic pollution on marine ecosystems, human health, and efforts to reduce plastic waste through recycling and regulation.

45. Animal testing in cosmetics: Beauty at the cost of cruelty?

Discussing the controversy surrounding animal testing in the cosmetics industry, ethical alternatives, and consumer awareness of cruelty-free products.

46. Nuclear disarmament: A world free of nuclear weapons?

Exploring the challenges and benefits of nuclear disarmament, global security implications, and diplomatic efforts towards nuclear non-proliferation.

47. Climate engineering: Geoengineering solutions for climate change

Investigating the feasibility and ethical implications of climate engineering technologies, such as solar radiation management and carbon capture.

48. The impact of social media on mental health: Connection or isolation?

Discussing the effects of social media on mental well-being, including cyberbullying, FOMO, and strategies for promoting positive online interactions.

49. Water scarcity: Managing a precious resource

Exploring the global water crisis, sustainable water management practices, and the socio-economic impact of water scarcity on communities.

50. Universal healthcare: Ensuring access to healthcare for all

Discussing the benefits and challenges of implementing universal healthcare systems, including funding, quality of care, and equity in healthcare access.

51. Sweatshop labor: Exploitation in the global supply chain

Analyzing the ethical issues of sweatshop labor, corporate responsibility, and efforts to improve working conditions and wages for garment workers.

52. The impact of globalization on culture: Homogenization or diversity?

Examining the cultural consequences of globalization, including the spread of Western values, cultural exchange, and the preservation of cultural heritage.

53. Genocide prevention: Learning from history to protect human rights

Discussing the role of international law , humanitarian intervention, and early warning systems in preventing genocides and mass atrocities.

54. Data privacy in the age of surveillance: Protecting personal information

Exploring the implications of data collection and surveillance on privacy rights, data breaches, and the need for data protection regulations.

55. Drug legalization: Addressing the war on drugs

Investigating the arguments for legalizing drugs, including marijuana, psychedelics, and the impact of drug policies on public health and criminal justice.

56. Artificial intelligence in warfare: Autonomous weapons and ethical concerns

Discussing the use of AI in military technology, including autonomous drones, cyber warfare, and the ethical considerations of AI in armed conflict.

57. Police brutality: Accountability and reform in law enforcement

Analyzing cases of police violence, racial bias in policing, and efforts to promote accountability, community policing, and reforms in law enforcement.

58. The ethics of animal experimentation: Balancing scientific progress and animal welfare

Examining the ethical considerations of using animals in research, alternatives to animal testing, and regulations to ensure humane treatment.

59. Bioethics in Healthcare: Navigating moral dilemmas in medical practice

Discussing ethical issues in healthcare, including patient autonomy, end-of-life care, genetic testing, and reproductive technologies.

60. GMO labeling: Informed consumer choice or unnecessary regulation?

Exploring the debate on labeling GMOs in food products, consumer rights to know, and the impact of GMO labeling on food industry practices.

61. Online hate speech: The limits of free expression

Investigating the rise of online hate speech, its impact on marginalized groups, legal implications, and strategies to combat hate speech online.

62. The future of democracy: Challenges and opportunities in a digital age

Discussing the impact of technology on democracy, including disinformation, social media influence, electoral integrity, and civic engagement.

63. Cyber warfare: The new frontier of conflict

Analyzing the threats posed by cyber warfare, including hacking, ransomware, and state-sponsored cyber attacks, and strategies for cybersecurity defense.

64. Workplace discrimination: Breaking barriers and promoting diversity

Examining the prevalence of workplace discrimination based on race, gender, age, and sexual orientation, and efforts to foster inclusive work environments.

65. The opioid epidemic: Addressing addiction and overdose crisis

Discussing the factors contributing to the opioid crisis, including overprescription, illicit drug trafficking, and strategies for prevention and treatment.

66. Surveillance capitalism: The commodification of personal data

Exploring the business model of surveillance capitalism, data collection practices by tech companies, and the implications for consumer privacy.

67. Online dating: Changing norms and social interactions

Investigating the impact of online dating on relationships, social dynamics, and the evolution of dating norms in the digital age.

68. Racial disparities in healthcare: Addressing inequities in access and treatment

Examining the racial inequalities in healthcare outcomes, disparities in access to care, and strategies to promote health equity among diverse populations.

69. The impact of technology on jobs: Automation and the future of work

Discussing the effects of automation and AI on the labor market, job displacement, reskilling programs, and the need for workforce adaptation.

70. Domestic violence: Breaking the cycle of abuse

Analyzing the prevalence of domestic violence, its impact on victims and families, and interventions for prevention, support, and legal protection.

71. The dark web: Unveiling the hidden layers of the internet

Exploring the anonymous and illicit activities on the dark web , including illegal markets, cybercrime, and the challenges of law enforcement in cyberspace.

72. Cultural heritage preservation: Safeguarding the past for the future

Investigating efforts to protect cultural heritage sites, artifacts, and traditions from destruction, looting, and the impact of urban development.

73. Mass incarceration: Reforms in the criminal justice system

Examining the causes and consequences of mass incarceration, racial disparities in sentencing, and initiatives for criminal justice reform and rehabilitation.

74. Genetic privacy: Regulating DNA data and bioinformatics

Discussing the privacy concerns related to genetic testing, DNA databases, and the ethical implications of sharing personal genetic information.

75. The impact of social media influencers: Marketing or manipulation?

Analyzing the influence of social media influencers on consumer behavior, advertising regulations, and the authenticity of influencer marketing.

76. Access to education for refugee children: Overcoming barriers to learning

Exploring the challenges faced by refugee children in accessing quality education, barriers to integration, and initiatives for refugee education support.

77. Workplace surveillance: Balancing security with employee privacy

Investigating the use of surveillance technologies in the workplace, employee monitoring practices, and the legal and ethical implications of workplace surveillance.

78. Cryptocurrency regulation: Navigating the digital financial landscape

Exploring the challenges of regulating cryptocurrencies, blockchain technology, and the implications for financial transactions, security, and legal frameworks.

79. Mental health treatment stigma: Breaking down barriers to care

Discussing the stigma surrounding mental health treatment, access to mental healthcare services, and destigmatization efforts to promote help-seeking behaviors.

80. The impact of social media on politics: Influence and disinformation

Analyzing the role of social media in political discourse, election campaigns, misinformation, and the regulation of political advertising online.

81. Human trafficking: Combating modern-day slavery

Examining the global issue of human trafficking, including sex trafficking, forced labor, and efforts to prevent trafficking, prosecute perpetrators, and protect victims.

82. Biohacking: DIY biology and ethical considerations

Investigating the biohacking movement, including DIY genetic engineering, body modifications, and the ethical implications of citizen science in biotechnology.

83. Gender-based violence: Addressing inequalities and promoting gender equality

Discussing the prevalence of gender-based violence, including domestic violence, sexual assault, and efforts to empower survivors, raise awareness, and enact legal protections.

84. The digital divide: Access to technology and internet connectivity

Exploring the disparities in access to technology, digital skills, and internet connectivity, and initiatives to bridge the digital divide and promote digital literacy.

85. The impact of social media on youth: Peer pressure and mental health

Analyzing the influence of social media on adolescent behavior, mental well-being, body image perceptions, and strategies for promoting positive online habits.

86. Workplace diversity programs: Fostering inclusion and equity

Examining the effectiveness of workplace diversity initiatives, including diversity training, recruitment practices, and the promotion of inclusive work environments.

87. Child labor: Exploitation and human rights violations

Discussing the prevalence of child labor, its impact on education, health, and development, and efforts to eliminate child labor through legislation and advocacy.

88. The ethics of brain-computer interfaces: Enhancing cognition or privacy concerns

Investigating the ethical considerations of brain-computer interface technology, its potential applications in healthcare, communication, and the implications for privacy and autonomy.

89. Social inequality in healthcare: Addressing disparities in access and outcomes

Examining the socio-economic factors contributing to healthcare inequality, including insurance coverage, healthcare affordability, and the impact on health disparities.

90. The future of privacy in a surveillance society: Protecting personal data

Exploring the challenges of protecting privacy rights in a surveillance society, digital tracking, data breaches, and the need for privacy regulations.

91. The impact of climate change on vulnerable communities: Environmental justice and adaptation

Analyzing the disproportionate impact of climate change on marginalized communities, including low-income neighborhoods, indigenous populations, and strategies for climate resilience and adaptation.

92. Social media addiction: The risks of excessive screen time

Investigating the addictive nature of social media, its impact on mental health, relationships, and strategies for digital detox and healthy technology use.

93. Sustainable fashion: Ethical practices and environmental impact

Discussing the environmental and social implications of fast fashion, sustainable fashion brands, ethical sourcing, and the circular economy in the fashion industry.

94. Workplace harassment: Creating a culture of respect and accountability

Examining the prevalence of workplace harassment , including sexual harassment, bullying, and efforts to prevent workplace misconduct, promote reporting mechanisms, and support victims.

95. The impact of artificial intelligence on creative industries: Innovation or job displacement

Analyzing the role of AI in creative fields, including art, music, writing, and the potential impact on creative expression, copyright laws, and employment in the arts.

96. Cultural assimilation vs. cultural preservation: Identity and diversity

Exploring the tensions between assimilation and preservation of cultural identities, traditions, languages, and the impact of globalization on cultural diversity.

97. Youth activism: Empowering the next generation of changemakers

Investigating the rise of youth-led movements, social activism among young people, and the impact of youth activism on policy change, social justice, and civic engagement.

98. Smart cities: Urban innovation and sustainable development

Discussing the concept of smart cities, IoT technology, data-driven urban planning, and the potential of smart infrastructure to enhance efficiency, safety, and quality of life in urban areas.

99. Workplace automation: Redefining job roles and skills

Analyzing the impact of automation on the workforce, job displacement, upskilling opportunities, and the future of work in an increasingly automated economy.

woman researching about Controversial Research Paper Topics

1. Choosing a Provocative Topic

Select a topic that is relevant, timely, and sparks debate. Addressing current societal issues or challenging conventional beliefs can make your research paper stand out and generate interest.

2. Thorough Background Research

Before diving into writing, ensure you have a comprehensive understanding of the topic. Familiarize yourself with various perspectives, existing studies, and key arguments to strengthen the credibility of your paper.

3. Compelling Introduction

Hook your readers from the start with a captivating introduction. Clearly define the issue at hand, present the significance of your research, and pose thought-provoking questions to engage your audience.

4. Structured and Logical Organization

Divide your paper into clear sections such as introduction, literature review, methodology, results, discussion, and conclusion. This structure will guide the reader through your arguments and findings in a coherent manner.

5. Incorporating Diverse Viewpoints

Acknowledge different perspectives on the controversial topic and present a balanced analysis . Address counterarguments respectfully while reinforcing your own stance with strong evidence and logical reasoning.

6. Data-driven Analysis

Support your claims with reliable data, statistics, case studies, and scholarly references. Using empirical evidence will enhance the credibility of your research paper and validate your arguments.

7. Engaging Writing Style

Write in a clear, concise, and engaging manner. Avoid jargon and complex language that may alienate readers. Use illustrative examples, anecdotes, and relatable scenarios to make your paper more accessible and impactful.

8. Ethical Considerations

Ensure that your research is conducted ethically and respects the rights and dignity of all individuals involved. Address any potential biases or conflicts of interest transparently to maintain the integrity of your study.

9. Impactful Conclusion

End your paper with a compelling conclusion that summarizes key findings, emphasizes the significance of your research, and suggests potential implications for the field. Leave the reader with lingering thoughts and a call to action.

10. Peer Review and Revision

Seek feedback from peers, mentors, or professors to refine your research paper. Be open to constructive criticism and revise your work diligently to enhance clarity, coherence, and overall quality. By following these guidelines, you can effectively structure a controversial research paper that captures the reader's attention, stimulates critical thinking, and contributes meaningfully to the academic discourse.

• Research Paper Outline Template • Research Paper Introduction Example • Research Paper Conclusion Example • How Long Should A Research Paper Be • How To Quickly Write A Research Paper • Tips For Writing Research Papers • 7 Steps In Writing A Research Paper

In controversial research paper topics, the landscape is vast and ever-evolving. Scholars, students, and knowledge workers frequently find themselves engulfed in a deluge of information, struggling to sift through the abundance of data to extract meaningful insights. This dilemma is exacerbated by the proliferation of content creation, where anyone can contribute to the pool of knowledge with a mere click. Otio emerges as a beacon of light in this chaos, offering a streamlined solution to the pervasive issue of content overload. By providing a centralized AI-native workspace for researchers, Otio revolutionizes the way individuals engage with information. Let's delve into the key features of Otio that make it a game-changer in the realm of research and writing.

Collecting Diverse Data Sources

One of the primary challenges faced by researchers is the task of gathering information from a multitude of sources, ranging from traditional articles and books to tweets and YouTube videos. Otio simplifies this process by allowing users to collect data seamlessly from a wide array of sources. Whether it's a thought-provoking tweet or an in-depth research paper, Otio enables users to compile all relevant materials in one cohesive platform.

Extracting Key Takeaways with AI-generated Notes

Once the data is amassed, the next hurdle is distilling key insights from the wealth of information. Otio's AI-generated notes feature proves to be invaluable in this regard. By automatically generating detailed notes on bookmarks, PDFs, videos, and more, Otio empowers users to extract essential takeaways with ease. This not only saves time but also ensures that crucial information does not get lost in the sea of data.

Engaging in Source-grounded Q&A Chat

In the pursuit of knowledge, clarity is key. Otio enhances the research process by offering a unique source-grounded Q&A chat feature. This functionality enables users to engage in dynamic conversations about individual links or entire knowledge bases, fostering a collaborative and insightful research environment. Just like conversing with a knowledgeable peer, Otio's chat capabilities facilitate a deeper understanding of the material at hand.

Accelerating the Writing Process with AI Assistance

Crafting coherent and compelling research papers or essays is often a laborious task. Otio streamlines this process by providing AI-assisted writing functionalities. From generating draft outputs based on collected sources to refining the writing style, Otio acts as a supportive writing partner for researchers, helping them transition from a mere reading list to a polished first draft in record time.

Embracing the Future of Research and Writing with Otio

In a world inundated with information, Otio stands out as a beacon of efficiency and innovation. By amalgamating cutting-edge AI technologies with user-friendly features, Otio redefines the research and writing experience for knowledge workers, researchers, and students alike.  Embrace the future of research and writing—let Otio be your AI research and writing partner . Try Otio for free today and revolutionize your workflow.

• Ai Research Paper Generator • Ai Generated Research Paper • Ai Research Tools

An AI Assistant is Placed on Table - Mem.AI Alternatives

May 20, 2024

Second Brain Method

15 Best Mem.AI Alternatives & Similar Tools For Note-Taking

Tana PKM

May 19, 2024

Best Tana Features For Building A Tana PKM System

Join thousands of other scholars and researchers

what is a good controversial topic for a research paper

Chrome Extension

© 2023 Frontdoor Labs Ltd.

Terms of Service

Privacy Policy

Refund Policy

Try Otio Free

Research Paper Writing Guides

Controversial Research Paper Topics

Last updated on: May 13, 2024

150+ Controversial Research Paper Topics to Get You Started

By: Donna C.

10 min read

Reviewed By: Chris H.

Published on: Mar 6, 2024

controversial research paper topics

Finding the right research topic can be a challenge, especially when you want to explore subjects that are a bit daring. 

We understand the struggle of wanting to pick something that's not just interesting but also sparks curiosity and debate.

Controversial research papers make you think differently. They might make you a bit uncomfortable, but that discomfort often leads to some of the most fascinating discoveries and discussions.

In this blog, we've curated a list of controversial research paper topics to make your search easier. 

We’ll look closely at different topics, assisting you in finding a topic that not only interests you but also makes your academic experience meaningful.

Let’s dig in and find controversial topics to write a research paper on!

controversial research paper topics

On this Page

Good Controversial Research Paper Topics for Students

Selecting a captivating research paper topic can make the research paper writing process more engaging and thought-provoking. 

Here, we've curated a list of top research topics for students who are wondering what are some good controversial topics for a research paper. 

Controversial Research Topics for Middle School

  • Healthy School Lunches: Balancing Nutrition and Taste
  • Should Students Have Homework on Weekends?
  • Banning Junk Food in Schools: Pros and Cons
  • Space Exploration: Is It Worth the Cost?
  • The Importance of Environmental Conservation
  • Community Service: Should It Be a Mandatory School Requirement?
  • Is Censorship in Children's Literature Important?
  • School Start Times: Are They Too Early?
  • Should Students Be Allowed to Grade Their Teachers?
  • Should Middle Schoolers Be Taught Financial Literacy?

Controversial Research Topics for High School Students

  • Should High School Curriculum Include Mandatory Financial Literacy Courses?
  • Exploring the Controversies Surrounding School Prayer
  • The Influence of Violent VideoGames on Youth Behavior
  • Should High School Start Times be Adjusted for Teenage Sleep Patterns?
  • The Impact of Fast Food Advertising on Teenage Diets
  • Debunking or Validating Popular Health Fads Among High School Students
  • The Controversy Over Abstinence-only Education About Sex in High Schools
  • The Role of Standardized Testing in College Admissions: Fair or Unfair?
  • Should High School Students Have a Say in the Curriculum?
  • The Impact of Global Warming Facts and Education on High School Students

Controversial Research Topics for College Students

  • The Impact of Cancel Culture on Free Speech
  • The Ethics of AI Surveillance in Educational Institutions
  • Exploring Cultural Appropriation in College Events
  • Debunking or Validating Conspiracy Theories in College Curriculum
  • The Intersection of Gender Identity and Campus Policies
  • Examining the Controversies Surrounding College Admissions Testing
  • Privacy Concerns in Online Learning Platforms for College Courses
  • Evaluating the Impact of Social Media Influencers on College Students
  • Legalizing Recreational Drugs: Implications for College Communities
  • Analyzing the Influence of the Electoral College on College Debates and Discussions

Controversial Research Topics for University

  • The Intersection of Technology and Privacy in the Digital Age
  • The Impact of Universal Basic Income on Labor Markets and Society
  • Debunking Pseudoscience: Challenges and Strategies
  • The Role of Blockchain Technology in Reshaping Industries
  • The Future of Work: Automation, AI, and the Changing Landscape of Employment
  • Neuroethics: Ethical Considerations in Brain-Computer Interface Technologies
  • Augmented Reality in Healthcare: Enhancing Patient Care or Ethical Concerns?
  • Crisis Communication in the Age of Social Media: Challenges and Opportunities
  • The Ethics of Using AI in Criminal Justice: Bias, Accountability, and Transparency
  • Social Media Influencers and Digital Advertising Ethics

Order Now

Paper Due? Why Suffer? That's our Job!

Controversial Research Topics for Master’s

  • Implications of Synthetic Biology and Biohacking
  • Quantum Internet: Privacy and Security Challenges
  • Ethics of Autonomous Weapons and AI in Warfare
  • Impact of Deepfake Technology on Media and Society
  • The Intersection of Technology and Mental Health: Risks and Benefits
  • Space Tourism: Ethical and Environmental Implications
  • The Ethics of Data Brokers and Information Marketplaces
  • Quantum Cryptography: Securing Communication in the Quantum Era
  • The Future of Intellectual Property in the Age of AI and Robotics
  • The Digital Divide: Addressing Inequities in Access to Technology

Controversial Research Topics for Ph.D.

  • Digital Surveillance and Civil Liberties: A Comparative Analysis
  • Ownership and Privacy of Genetic Data in the Genomic Era
  • Legal and Ethical Aspects of Extraterrestrial Resource Utilization
  • Ethics of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) Development and Deployment
  • Regulatory Challenges of Decentralized Finance (DeFi)
  • Algorithmic Trading, High-Frequency Trading, and Market Manipulation
  • Big Tech's Influence on Global Politics and Governance
  • Transhumanism and the Evolution of Post-Human Society
  • The Intersection of Robotics and Human Rights: Ethical Considerations in Autonomous Systems
  • Neurotechnology and the Possibility of Mind Reading: Ethical Implications

Common Controversial Research Paper Topics

  • The Ethics of Genetic Editing: Balancing Innovation and Morality
  • Climate Change: Addressing Skepticism and Urgency for Affirmative Action
  • The Legality and Ethics of Euthanasia in Modern Society
  • Concealed Handguns: Balancing Second Amendment and Civil Rights 
  • The Controversy Surrounding Biofuels
  • Legalization of Recreational Drugs: Weighing the Risks and Benefits
  • The Impact of Immigration Policies on Society and the Economy
  • Nuclear Energy vs. Renewable Energy: Striving for a Sustainable Future
  • Censorship in Media: Protecting Society or Limiting Freedom of Expression?
  • The Death Penalty: Examining Morality and Effectiveness in Criminal Justice

Easy Controversial Research Paper Topics

  • Should Schools Adopt Year-Round Bilingual Education?
  • The Impact of Social Media Dependency on Personal Relationships
  • Fast Food Consumption: Pros and Cons
  • The Effectiveness of Capital Punishment as a Deterrent to Crime
  • The Influence of Reality TV on Youth Behavior
  • Should Animal Testing be Banned?
  • The Impact of Video Games Violence on Academic Performance
  • Marijuana Legalization and its Ethical Aspects
  • Should Smoking in Public be Illegal?
  • The Impact of Cell Phones on Face-to-Face Communication

Interesting Controversial Topics

  • The Philosophy of Time Travel: Possibilities and Paradoxes
  • Human Colonization of Mars: Ethical and Practical Considerations
  • Cryptids and the Paranormal: Scientific Exploration or Pseudoscience?
  • The Mandela Effect: Collective Memory or Alternate Realities?
  • Existence of Parallel Universes: Exploring Multiverse Theories
  • Plant Consciousness: Do Plants Have Feelings and Awareness?
  • The Mystery of Dark Matter and Dark Energy
  • Dream Interpretation: Psychology or Pseudoscience?
  • Astrology and Personality Traits: Cosmic Influences on Atheism?
  • The Hollow Earth Theory: Myth or Scientific Possibility?

Captivating Controversial Research Topics

  • Mind-Reading Technology and Privacy Paradox
  • Designer Babies: Crafting the Perfect Human
  • Parallel Universes: Theoretical Marvel or Scientific Reality?
  • Crypto-Currencies and the Future of Money Laundering
  • Artificial Consciousness: From Code to Sentience
  • Psychedelics in Psychiatry: Breaking the Taboo
  • Deepfake Dilemmas: The Ethics of Synthetic Media
  • Algorithmic Bias: Unmasking the Hidden Prejudice in Code
  • Conscious AI in the Workplace: Colleague or Competitor?
  • Rejuvenation Biotechnology: Extending Human Lifespan

Psychology Controversial Research Paper Topics

Here are some important controversial topics in psychology for research paper writing:

  • The Morality of Using Placebos in Psychological Treatment
  • The Ethics of Conducting Psychological Experiments on Animals
  • Is Video Game Addiction a Real Mental Health Concern?
  • The Influence of Parenting Styles on Child Development
  • The Role of Genetics in Determining Intelligence
  • Is Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) an Ethical Treatment for Depression?
  • The Psychology of Procrastination: Causes and Solutions
  • The Influence of Gender Stereotypes on Mental Health
  • The Relationship Between Sleep Deprivation and Cognitive Functioning
  • The Psychology Behind Conspiracy Theories: Understanding Beliefs and Behavior

Controversial Medical Topics For A Research Paper

  • The Ethics of Human Cloning
  • Physician-Assisted Suicide: Legal and Ethical Perspectives
  • Gene Editing and CRISPR Technology: Ethical Implications
  • The Legalization of Recreational Drugs for Medicinal Purposes
  • Organ Transplant Allocation: Fairness and Equality
  • Genetic Testing for Disease Predisposition: Privacy and Consent
  • Stem Cell Research: Promises and Ethical Concerns
  • Would Universal Healthcare Improve Healthcare Access?
  • Pharmaceutical Industry Influence on Medical Practices
  • Abortion: Medical, Ethical, and Legal Considerations

Simple Controversial Topics in History for Research Paper

  • The Debate Over Reparations for Historical Injustices
  • The Controversies Surrounding Columbus Day
  • The Impact of Colonialism on Indigenous Peoples
  • Historical Revisionism in Holocaust Denial
  • The Legacy and Controversies of Historical Figures
  • The Decision to Drop Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • Historical Perspectives on Immigration Policies and Debates
  • The Armenian Genocide: Recognition and Denial
  • The Legacy and Controversies of the Vietnam War
  • The Ethics of Archaeological Discoveries and Cultural Heritage Preservation

Tough Essay Due? Hire Tough Writers!

Unique Controversial Topics

  • Universal Basic Income (UBI): Economic Panacea or Social Pitfall?
  • Alternative Medicine vs. Conventional Medicine
  • Urban Vertical Farming: Feeding Cities of the Future or Just a Pipe Dream?
  • E-Waste Crisis: The Dark Side of Technological Advancement
  • Water Scarcity and Corporate Control: Bottling Profits or Human Rights?
  • Challenges of 5G Technology: Innovation or Health Concerns?
  • Eradicating Infectious Diseases: Ethical Dilemmas in Gene Drives
  • The Ethics of Behavioral Advertising: Personalized Marketing or Invasive Manipulation?
  • Robot Rights: Navigating the Ethical Landscape of AI Personhood
  • The Future of Nuclear Energy: Sustainable Solution or Perpetuating Risks

Other than this range of controversial topics, here are some non-controversial topics too:

Non Controversial Research Paper Topics

  • The History of Public Libraries: Evolution and Impact on Communities
  • Effects of Music on Stress and Anxiety Levels
  • Benefits of Green Spaces in Urban Environments
  • The Role of Vitamin D in Human Health
  • History of Vaccinations and Their Impact on Public Health
  • The Science of Sleep: Understanding Sleep Patterns and Disorders
  • Positive Effects of Mindfulness Meditation on Mental Health
  • The Impact of Reading on Cognitive Development in Children
  • Advancements in Water Purification Technologies
  • The History of Astronomy: Contributions and Discoveries

How to Choose a Controversial Research Paper Topic?

Choosing a controversial research paper topic requires careful consideration and a strategic approach to ensure the relevance and impact of your work. 

Here are key steps to guide you in selecting a provocative and engaging topic for your research:

  • Identify Your Interests: Start by considering your personal interests and passions. A controversial topic is more compelling when it aligns with your genuine curiosity. Explore subjects that you are willing to investigate thoroughly.
  • Review Current Debates: Reading reputable news sources, scholarly articles, and opinion pieces will help you identify topics generating controversy and public discourse.
  • Evaluate Academic Relevance: Ensure that your chosen topic has academic merit. It should be relevant to your field of study and contribute meaningfully to existing knowledge. 
  • Check Research Feasibility: Assess the feasibility of conducting research on your chosen topic. Ensure that there are accessible resources, data, and literature available for a comprehensive analysis. 
  • Consider Ethical Implications: Controversial topics may involve sensitive issues. Strive to approach the topic with empathy, respect for diverse opinions, and a commitment to presenting a balanced perspective.
  • Stay Open to Adaptations: The dynamic nature of controversial topics may require adjustments to ensure the relevancy and significance of your findings. That’s why it is important to remain open to adapting your approach. 

To sum up, looking into controversial topics lets us dig into complicated problems, have conversations, and question our existing knowledge. These interesting subjects grab people's attention and add to the broader perspectives of research. 

This blog is your ultimate guide for controversial research paper topic selection. But if you feel like you need help with your topic or even research paper, reach our professional paper writing service online !

At SharkPapers.com, we have the expertise and experience to help you with research paper writing. We also provide freebies along with 24/7 customer support!

Visit our website and learn more about hiring research paper writing help ! 

Donna C.

Marketing, Literature

Donna writes on a broad range of topics, but she is mostly passionate about social issues, current events, and human-interest stories. She has received high praise for her writing from both colleagues and readers alike. Donna is known in her field for creating content that is not only professional but also captivating.

Was This Blog Helpful?

Keep reading.

  • Learning How to Write a Research Paper: Step-by-Step Guide

controversial research paper topics

  • Best 300+ Ideas For Research Paper Topics in 2024

controversial research paper topics

  • A Complete Guide to Help You Write a Research Proposal

controversial research paper topics

  • The Definitive Guide on How to Start a Research Paper

controversial research paper topics

  • How To Write An Introduction For A Research Paper - A Complete Guide

controversial research paper topics

  • Learn How To Write An Abstract For A Research Paper with Examples and Tips

controversial research paper topics

  • How to Write a Literature Review for a Research Paper | A Complete Guide

controversial research paper topics

  • How To Write The Methods Section of A Research Paper

controversial research paper topics

  • How to Write a Research Paper Thesis: A Detailed Guide

controversial research paper topics

  • How to Write a Research Paper Title That Stands Out

controversial research paper topics

  • A Detailed Guide on How To Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper

controversial research paper topics

  • How To Write The Results Section of A Research Paper | Steps & Tips

controversial research paper topics

  • How to Write a Problem Statement for a Research Paper: An Easy Guide

controversial research paper topics

  • How to Find Credible Sources for a Research Paper

controversial research paper topics

  • A Detailed Guide: How to Write a Discussion for a Research Paper

controversial research paper topics

  • How To Write A Hypothesis In A Research Paper - A Simple Guide

controversial research paper topics

  • Learn How To Cite A Research Paper in Different Formats: The Basics

controversial research paper topics

  • The Ultimate List of Ethical Research Paper Topics in 2024

controversial research paper topics

  • How to Edit Research Papers With Precision: A Detailed Guide

controversial research paper topics

  • A Comprehensive List of Argumentative Research Paper Topics

controversial research paper topics

  • A Detailed List of Amazing Art Research Paper Topics

controversial research paper topics

  • Diverse Biology Research Paper Topics for Students: A Comprehensive List

controversial research paper topics

  • 230 Interesting and Unique History Research Paper Topics

controversial research paper topics

  • 190 Best Business Research Paper Topics

controversial research paper topics

  • 200+ Engaging and Novel Literature Research Paper Topics

controversial research paper topics

  • A Guide on How to Write a Social Science Research Paper

controversial research paper topics

  • Sociology Research Papers: Format, Outline, and Topics

controversial research paper topics

  • Understanding the Basics of Biology Research Papers

controversial research paper topics

  • How to Write a Psychology Research Paper: Guide with Easy Steps

controversial research paper topics

  • Exploring the Different Types of Research Papers: A Guide

controversial research paper topics

  • Scientific Research Paper: Types, Formats, Structure & Writing Process

controversial research paper topics

  • Argumentative Research Paper | A Step-by-Step Guide

controversial research paper topics

  • Analytical Research Papers: A Detailed Walkthrough

controversial research paper topics

  • Experimental Research Paper Explained Comprehensively

controversial research paper topics

  • An In-Depth Look at Psychology Research Paper Examples

controversial research paper topics

  • 15+ Research Paper Examples for Different Types and Formats

controversial research paper topics

  • Free Argumentative Research Paper Examples

controversial research paper topics

  • Refine Your Literary Skills with Literature Research Paper Examples

controversial research paper topics

  • Get Inspired by 10+ Biology Research Paper Examples

controversial research paper topics

  • A Comprehensive Guide to History Research Paper Examples

controversial research paper topics

  • An Extensive List of Business Research Paper Examples

controversial research paper topics

  • 10+ Best APA Research Paper Examples for Effective Writing

controversial research paper topics

  • 10+ Expertly Crafted MLA Research Paper Examples

controversial research paper topics

  • Explore 8+ Chicago Research Paper Examples for Academic Excellence

controversial research paper topics

  • 15+ Examples of Abstracts for Research Papers

controversial research paper topics

  • Exploring IEEE Research Paper Examples: A Practical Guide

controversial research paper topics

  • Exploring Research Paper Thesis Examples: A Beginner's Guide

controversial research paper topics

  • 10 Free Research Paper Proposal Examples

controversial research paper topics

  • A Look at 10 Interesting Art Research Paper Examples

controversial research paper topics

  • Survey Research Papers: Types, Format, Writing & Examples

controversial research paper topics

  • A Closer Look Into Research Paper Format: APA, MLA, Chicago & IEEE

controversial research paper topics

  • APA Research Paper Format 7th Edition: Guide with Examples

controversial research paper topics

  • MLA Research Paper Format Made Easy: Step-by-Step Guide

controversial research paper topics

  • Formatting Research Paper Title Page in APA, MLA & Chicago

controversial research paper topics

  • Crafting the Perfect Research Paper Outline | Steps & Examples

controversial research paper topics

  • A Detailed Guide to Chicago Research Paper Format

controversial research paper topics

  • An Easy Guide to IEEE Research Paper Format

controversial research paper topics

  • 12+ Practical Research Paper Outline Examples for Structuring Your Thoughts

controversial research paper topics

  • Engaging Psychology Research Paper Topics for Your Next Project

controversial research paper topics

People Also Read

  • how to start an essay
  • rhetorical analysis essay
  • essay introduction
  • how to title an essay
  • research paper outline

Burdened With Assignments?

Bottom Slider


© 2024 - All rights reserved


95% Satisfaction RATE

30 Days Money Back GUARANTEE

95% Success RATE


Privacy Policy | Terms & Conditions | Contact Us

© 2021 SharkPapers.com(Powered By sharkpapers.com). All rights reserved.

© 2022 Sharkpapers.com. All rights reserved.



  • Your phone no.
  • Confirm Password
  •    I have read Privacy Policy and agree to the Terms and Conditions .



  • Privacy Policy

Research Method

Home » 300+ Controversial Research Topics

300+ Controversial Research Topics

Controversial Research Topics

Controversial research topics are a vital aspect of scientific inquiry, as they often challenge existing assumptions and generate debates among experts in the field. These topics can range from ethical dilemmas to scientific controversies that challenge traditional thinking, and can spark heated discussions and disagreements. However, it is through exploring and investigating these controversial topics that researchers can uncover new insights, theories , and methodologies that ultimately drive progress and innovation in their respective fields. While controversial research topics can be complex and contentious, they also offer opportunities for growth and learning as scientists work to uncover the truth and push the boundaries of what is currently known.

Controversial Research Topics

Controversial Research Topics are as follows:

  • The impact of genetically modified organisms on human health.
  • The use of embryonic stem cells for medical research.
  • The effectiveness of abstinence-only sex education.
  • The effects of violent video games on children and adolescents.
  • The link between intelligence and race.
  • The legalization of marijuana.
  • The use of performance-enhancing drugs in sports.
  • The existence of paranormal phenomena.
  • The impact of social media on mental health.
  • The effects of climate change on the global economy.
  • The use of animals in scientific research.
  • The impact of immigration on the economy and culture.
  • The benefits and drawbacks of homeschooling.
  • The link between vaccines and autism.
  • The benefits and risks of gene editing.
  • The impact of artificial intelligence on employment.
  • The effects of sugar consumption on human health.
  • The ethics of human cloning.
  • The effects of globalization on the environment.
  • The impact of minimum wage laws on employment and the economy.
  • The effects of bilingual education on academic achievement.
  • The relationship between gun control and crime rates.
  • The effects of spanking on child development.
  • The impact of media bias on public opinion.
  • The relationship between poverty and crime.
  • The effects of same-sex marriage on society.
  • The impact of nuclear power on the environment.
  • The effects of air pollution on human health.
  • The impact of the pharmaceutical industry on healthcare.
  • The impact of artificial sweeteners on human health.
  • The effects of divorce on children.
  • The impact of music on behavior and emotions.
  • The effects of solitary confinement on prisoners.
  • The impact of mandatory minimum sentences on the criminal justice system.
  • The effects of standardized testing on education.
  • The impact of affirmative action on employment and education.
  • The effects of social media on political polarization.
  • The effects of immigration policies on families and communities.
  • The impact of diet on mental health.
  • The ethics of animal testing.
  • The impact of technology on human relationships.
  • The impact of the gig economy on workers’ rights.
  • The effects of corporal punishment in schools.
  • The impact of income inequality on society.
  • The effects of video game addiction on mental health.
  • The effects of police brutality on society.
  • The impact of the gig economy on the economy as a whole.
  • The effects of alternative medicine on human health.
  • The impact of military spending on the economy.
  • The effects of censorship on free speech.
  • The safety and effectiveness of vaccines.
  • The existence of extraterrestrial life.
  • The impact of climate change on national security.
  • The use of genetically modified organisms in food production.
  • The impact of social media on political elections.
  • The ethics of artificial intelligence.
  • The impact of immigration on national security.
  • The effectiveness of gun control laws.
  • The ethics of animal rights.
  • The impact of video game violence on real-world violence.
  • The impact of cell phone radiation on human health.
  • The impact of the opioid epidemic on society.
  • The effectiveness of alternative medicine.
  • The ethics of physician-assisted suicide.
  • The impact of globalization on human rights.
  • The impact of the gig economy on labor rights.
  • The impact of income inequality on social mobility.
  • The ethics of gene editing in humans.
  • The impact of trade agreements on the economy.
  • The ethics of cloning.
  • The impact of solitary confinement on mental health.
  • The effectiveness of mandatory minimum sentencing laws.
  • The ethics of animal agriculture.
  • The impact of poverty on mental health.
  • The effectiveness of sex education in schools.
  • The impact of cultural appropriation on society.
  • The ethics of using animals in entertainment.
  • The impact of air pollution on human health.
  • The impact of artificial intelligence on privacy.
  • The ethics of using drones in warfare.
  • The effectiveness of rehabilitation programs in prisons.
  • The impact of genetically modified crops on the environment.
  • The ethics of surrogacy.
  • The impact of the gig economy on social welfare programs.
  • The impact of social media on interpersonal relationships.
  • The ethics of euthanasia.
  • The impact of the Internet on society.
  • The effectiveness of affirmative action policies.
  • The impact of social media on youth development.
  • The impact of renewable energy on the economy.
  • The impact of cyberbullying on mental health.
  • The ethics of human-animal hybrids.
  • The impact of overpopulation on the environment.
  • The impact of social media on political polarization.
  • The impact of social media on mental health and well-being.
  • The effects of violent video games on aggressive behavior in children and adolescents.
  • The effects of homeschooling on academic achievement and social development.
  • The ethics of human cloning for reproductive purposes.
  • The impact of religious fundamentalism on political extremism and violence.
  • The effects of poverty on child development and educational outcomes.
  • The ethics of physician-assisted suicide for terminally ill patients.
  • The impact of social media on political polarization and democracy.
  • The effects of bilingual education on language proficiency and academic success.
  • The ethics of genetically modifying human embryos for non-medical purposes.
  • The impact of affirmative action on college admissions and diversity.
  • The effects of mindfulness meditation on mental health and well-being.
  • The ethics of animal rights and the use of animals for human consumption.
  • The impact of the gig economy on worker rights and job security.
  • The effects of minimum wage policies on employment and poverty reduction.
  • The ethics of using human embryos for stem cell research.
  • The impact of economic globalization on income inequality and economic growth.
  • The effects of mandatory drug testing in the workplace on employee privacy and productivity.
  • The ethics of organ donation and the sale of organs for transplantation.
  • The impact of social class on educational opportunities and academic achievement.
  • The effects of video game violence on aggressive behavior in youth.
  • The ethics of artificial intelligence and autonomous decision-making.
  • The impact of gun culture on gun violence and public safety.
  • The effects of parental involvement in education on academic achievement.
  • The ethics of animal euthanasia and animal rights.
  • The impact of prison privatization on criminal justice and rehabilitation.
  • The effects of solitary confinement on mental health and prisoner rights.
  • The ethics of using performance-enhancing drugs in sports.
  • The impact of globalization on cultural identity and cultural preservation.
  • The effects of medical marijuana on pain management and addiction.
  • The ethics of using animals for animal testing and experimentation.
  • The impact of media bias on public opinion and political polarization.
  • The effects of youth sports specialization on athletic performance and injury rates.
  • The ethics of using drones for military and civilian purposes.
  • The impact of the obesity epidemic on healthcare costs and public health.
  • The effects of gender stereotypes on career choices and gender equality.
  • The ethics of surrogacy and the commercialization of reproduction.
  • The impact of social media on body image and self-esteem.
  • The effects of cyberbullying on mental health and social relationships.
  • The ethics of animal euthanasia and humane animal control.
  • The impact of artificial intelligence on job displacement and retraining.
  • The effects of mandatory school uniforms on student behavior and academic performance.
  • The ethics of using genetically modified crops for food production.
  • The impact of immigration on cultural assimilation and diversity.
  • The effects of peer pressure on adolescent behavior and decision-making.
  • The ethics of using animals for zoos and aquariums.
  • The impact of natural disasters on social inequality and disaster response.
  • The effects of childhood trauma on adult mental health and well-being.
  • The ethics of using gene editing to create “designer babies”.
  • The impact of gentrification on urban communities and displacement.
  • The effects of income inequality on political representation and corruption.
  • The ethics of using animals for entertainment, such as in theme parks and circuses.
  • The effects of pornography on sexual behavior and attitudes towards women.
  • The ethics of gene editing in human embryos for disease prevention.
  • The effects of affirmative action on workplace diversity and discrimination.
  • The ethics of animal testing for cosmetic purposes.
  • The impact of immigration on economic growth and job creation.
  • The effects of gun control policies on crime rates and public safety.
  • The ethics of euthanasia for patients with severe disabilities.
  • The impact of income inequality on social mobility and economic opportunity.
  • The effects of online dating on relationships and marriage.
  • The ethics of using animals for scientific experimentation.
  • The impact of climate change on global migration patterns.
  • The effects of standardized testing on student learning and teacher accountability.
  • The ethics of using social media data for targeted advertising.
  • The impact of artificial intelligence on employment and job displacement.
  • The effects of genetically modified organisms on human health and the environment.
  • The ethics of surrogacy and the commodification of pregnancy.
  • The impact of the #MeToo movement on workplace culture and gender equality.
  • The effects of mandatory vaccination policies on public health and individual autonomy.
  • The ethics of using embryonic stem cells for medical research.
  • The impact of media censorship on freedom of speech and expression.
  • The effects of school vouchers on education equity and public education.
  • The ethics of animal agriculture and the environmental impact of meat consumption.
  • The impact of social media algorithms on political polarization and misinformation.
  • The effects of mass incarceration on communities of color and criminal justice reform.
  • The ethics of human genetic engineering for athletic performance enhancement.
  • The impact of artificial intelligence on privacy and personal data protection.
  • The effects of teacher tenure on teacher effectiveness and student achievement.
  • The ethics of autonomous weapons systems and the future of warfare.
  • The impact of affirmative action on college admissions and meritocracy.
  • The effects of social media on youth mental health and addiction.
  • The ethics of using human tissue for medical research.
  • The impact of hydraulic fracturing on the environment and public health.
  • The effects of school discipline policies on student success and racial disparities.
  • The ethics of using animal organs for human transplantation.
  • The impact of trade policies on international development and economic inequality.
  • The effects of workplace surveillance on employee privacy and productivity.
  • The ethics of human enhancement technologies and the implications for society.
  • The impact of renewable energy on energy independence and national security.
  • The effects of immigration policies on family separation and human rights.
  • The ethics of using gene editing to enhance intelligence and cognitive abilities.
  • The impact of social media on political activism and social movements.
  • The effects of mandatory minimum sentences on criminal justice and recidivism rates.
  • The ethics of using nanotechnology for medical treatment and enhancement.
  • The impact of artificial intelligence on democracy and political participation.
  • The effects of parental involvement in education on student achievement.
  • The ethics of using animals for entertainment, such as in circuses and aquariums.
  • The impact of mass surveillance on civil liberties and government transparency.
  • The effects of school segregation on educational opportunities and social mobility.
  • The ethics of using human embryonic stem cells for medical research.
  • The impact of social media on political polarization and division.
  • The effects of affirmative action policies on college admissions.
  • The ethics of using animals for food and cosmetic testing.
  • The impact of immigration policies on national security.
  • The effects of e-cigarettes on lung health and smoking cessation.
  • The ethics of cloning animals for commercial purposes.
  • The impact of the war on drugs on public health and criminal justice.
  • The effects of homeschooling on academic achievement and socialization.
  • The impact of income tax policies on economic growth.
  • The effects of police body cameras on accountability and transparency.
  • The impact of artificial intelligence on human creativity and innovation.
  • The effects of globalization on job outsourcing and economic inequality.
  • The ethics of animal testing for medical research.
  • The impact of mandatory minimum sentences on criminal justice and rehabilitation.
  • The ethics of using human stem cells for medical research.
  • The impact of social media on body image and eating disorders.
  • The effects of the death penalty on crime deterrence and human rights.
  • The ethics of using genetically modified crops for commercial agriculture.
  • The impact of social media on romantic relationships and dating culture.
  • The effects of standardized testing on teacher effectiveness and job satisfaction.
  • The ethics of using drones for military strikes and surveillance.
  • The impact of minimum wage policies on poverty and unemployment.
  • The effects of workplace diversity and inclusion initiatives on productivity and morale.
  • The ethics of using animals for entertainment purposes, such as in circuses or zoos.
  • The impact of climate change on global economic growth and stability.
  • The effects of solitary confinement on mental health and recidivism rates.
  • The impact of the gig economy on worker exploitation and income insecurity.
  • The effects of medical marijuana on pain management and opioid addiction.
  • The ethics of using virtual reality for military training and simulation.
  • The impact of school choice policies on education equity and segregation.
  • The effects of noise pollution on mental and physical health.
  • The ethics of using animal products for clothing and fashion.
  • The impact of artificial intelligence on artistic expression and creativity.
  • The effects of prison privatization on criminal justice and human rights.
  • The ethics of using robots for elder care and healthcare.
  • The impact of affirmative action policies on workplace diversity and inclusion.
  • The effects of social media on adolescent self-esteem and body image.
  • The ethics of using human organs for transplant research.
  • The impact of drone strikes on civilian casualties and international law.
  • The effects of microplastic pollution on human health and the environment.
  • The ethics of animal cloning for livestock production.
  • The impact of renewable energy on job creation and economic growth.
  • The effects of occupational licensing on job opportunities and consumer protection.
  • The ethics of using artificial intelligence in decision-making processes in the criminal justice system.
  • The effects of climate change on global migration patterns.
  • The ethics of genetically modifying human embryos.
  • The impact of the meat industry on the environment and animal welfare.
  • The efficacy and safety of alternative medicine treatments.
  • The effects of marijuana legalization on crime rates.
  • The ethics of using animals for scientific research.
  • The effects of childhood trauma on adult mental health.
  • The impact of technology on privacy and personal data protection.
  • The effects of gun ownership on public safety.
  • The ethics of gene editing to enhance physical and cognitive abilities.
  • The impact of gentrification on urban communities.
  • The effects of long-term space travel on human health.
  • The ethics of using human subjects in medical research.
  • The impact of income inequality on access to healthcare.
  • The effects of the gig economy on workers’ rights and protections.
  • The ethics of using non-human animals for food consumption.
  • The impact of social media on political discourse and democracy.
  • The effects of standardized testing on educational outcomes.
  • The ethics of using autonomous weapons in warfare.
  • The impact of income tax policies on economic inequality.
  • The effects of urbanization on mental health and well-being.
  • The ethics of using artificial intelligence for military applications.
  • The impact of population growth on the environment and natural resources.
  • The effects of screen time on children’s cognitive development.
  • The ethics of surrogacy and reproductive technology.
  • The impact of mental health stigma on access to care and treatment.
  • The ethics of animal captivity and entertainment.
  • The impact of the opioid epidemic on public health and safety.
  • The effects of universal basic income on economic stability and well-being.
  • The ethics of using genetic data for personalized medicine.
  • The impact of the gig economy on income and wealth inequality.
  • The effects of systemic racism on health outcomes and access to care.
  • The ethics of using drones for civilian surveillance and law enforcement.
  • The impact of social media algorithms on the spread of misinformation and polarization.
  • The effects of childhood vaccination requirements on public health.
  • The ethics of artificial intelligence in decision-making processes.
  • The impact of global trade agreements on human rights and labor practices.
  • The effects of nuclear energy on public health and the environment.
  • The ethics of using gene editing for non-medical purposes.
  • The impact of artificial sweeteners on human health and obesity rates.
  • The effects of childhood obesity on long-term health outcomes.
  • The ethics of using artificial intelligence for facial recognition technology.
  • The impact of immigration policies on education outcomes and access.
  • The effects of parental socioeconomic status on children’s academic achievement.
  • The ethics of human genetic engineering for aesthetic purposes.
  • The impact of deforestation on climate change and biodiversity loss.
  • The effectiveness of the death penalty in reducing crime rates.
  • The ethics of animal testing in scientific research.
  • The impact of climate change on the global economy.
  • The use of genetically modified organisms in agriculture.
  • The ethics of embryonic stem cell research.
  • The effects of pornography on society.
  • The impact of globalization on employment and wages.
  • The impact of artificial intelligence on society.
  • The relationship between race and intelligence.
  • The effects of minimum wage laws on employment and the economy.
  • The effects of poverty on child development.
  • The effects of video game violence on real-world violence.
  • The impact of globalization on the environment.
  • The effects of social media on interpersonal relationships.
  • The impact of air travel on the environment.
  • The impact of animal agriculture on the environment.
  • The impact of solitary confinement on prisoners.

About the author

' src=

Muhammad Hassan

Researcher, Academic Writer, Web developer

You may also like

Funny Research Topics

200+ Funny Research Topics

Sports Research Topics

500+ Sports Research Topics

American History Research Paper Topics

300+ American History Research Paper Topics

Cyber Security Research Topics

500+ Cyber Security Research Topics

Environmental Research Topics

500+ Environmental Research Topics

Economics Research Topics

500+ Economics Research Topics

601 Controversial Questions & Topics for Research, Essays, & Debate

601 Controversial Questions & Topics for Research, Essays, & Debate

People constantly participate in passionate debates about sensitive and divisive societal issues. Some may utilize memes or social media to discuss hot topics, while others join online forums and blogs. Even though controversial topics are believed to address trivial issues, many may have a tangible impact on the world and global problems.

Below, you’ll find a list of controversial questions and topics for research that can come in handy on days when you lack inspiration!

🔝 Top 10 Controversial Questions in 2024

🤔 most controversial questions — and why.

  • 🏫 Topics for High School Students
  • 🎓 Topics for College Students

🔎 Controversial Research Topics

  • 📝 Controversial Argumentative Topics

💼 Controversial Business Topics

🏥 controversial medical topics, 🔬 controversial science topics, 💡 controversial philosophical questions, 😛 funny controversial topics, 🗣️ controversial debate topics, 🔗 references.

  • Why should brain control techniques in psychology be banned?
  • How to stop sexual abuse in the motion picture industry?
  • How is homosexuality discriminated against in the 21st century?
  • Does drug control help to reduce drug consumption among teenagers?
  • What is the role of plastic pollution in global warming?
  • How to make domestic violence victims speak out?
  • Why are alternatives to prison sentences more effective?
  • What is the impact of human overpopulation on food security?
  • What is the positive impact of free trade on the international market?
  • Why do abusive power and control often take part in modern relationships?

A controversial topic differs from others in that it causes considerable disagreement, debate, and varied emotional reactions in society. It usually involves opposing points of view, beliefs, or interests.

Below, we’ve listed several most controversial questions and explained what makes them such.

❔ Should abortion be legalized around the world?

Abortion is controversial due to its ethical, moral, and legal consequences. It raises the question of the fetus’ rights to life and a person’s right to govern their own body.

❔ What are the most effective measures to prevent gun violence?

Gun control is among the most controversial and emotional topics in many nations. Its discussion is mainly centered around two questions:

  • Can the limit on people’s right to bear weapons be considered an unfair restriction on liberty?
  • Is there a link between gun ownership and crime?

❔ Should capital punishment be canceled?

Opponents of the death sentence point out its inhumanity, irreversibility, and unfairness due to the persistence of racial and economic inequalities. Proponents believe that it is reasonable retribution for specific acts and is effective in deterring crime and protecting society.

❔ To what degree should freedom of speech be protected?

Freedom of speech is controversial because society struggles to define its limits. There is still a need to find a balance between safeguarding the freedom of expression and protecting individuals against the harm caused by speech.

❔ What measures should be taken to stop global warming?

The global warming controversy refers to the public dispute over whether the planet is getting warmer. Also, people argue about the leading causes of climate change, its consequences, and methods to stop it.

This image shows the most controversial topics.

🏫 Controversial Topics for High School Students

Investigating controversial topics may help high school students develop critical thinking skills, engage in meaningful dialogues, and expand their awareness of challenging social issues. Below you can find some controversial questions for students!

  • Should sports classes in school be mandatory?
  • Abortion as a controversy .
  • Why can technologies destroy the world?
  • The benefits of year-round school.
  • Circumcision as a controversial topic in the United States .
  • Social networks make people less social.
  • Alcohol should be banned under 25.
  • Child labor and exploitation controversies .
  • Bad parenting is a leading reason for childhood obesity .
  • Is it time to decriminalize prostitution ?
  • Same-sex marriage as a moral controversy .
  • Happiness is more crucial than a career.
  • Zoos around the world should be closed.
  • The controversy over marijuana legalization .
  • Why will cryptocurrencies replace cash?
  • The institution of marriage is a relic of the past.
  • Genetic engineering and cloning controversy .
  • Climate change has already become irreversible.
  • Why is playing online games a sport?
  • Controversy about global warming: skepticism and reality .
  • Alternative medicines are more dangerous than helpful.
  • Why is remote studying the future of education?
  • Victorian period corset controversy .
  • Leisure time is critical for working productivity.
  • Is nationalism beneficial or harmful?
  • The Barbie doll controversy in a Latinx community .
  • The government should permit gay couples to adopt children .
  • The positive side of smoking and vaping .
  • Why is immigration a controversial topic in the US ?
  • Should we outlaw the use of fatal force by police ?

🎓 Controversial Topics for College Students

Controversial topics often reflect current social challenges , allowing college students to contribute to discussions and decisions that influence the world around them. Look at the most interesting controversial debate questions for college that we have prepared for you!

  • The crime behind animal testing in the beauty industry. 
  • Biracial adoption and its controversies .
  • Why are many people ignoring cybersecurity ? 
  • The benefits of expanding stem cell research .
  • The gun control controversy in the constitutional context .
  • Why should churches and religious institutions pay taxes? 
  • The issue of media bias and discrimination in the modern world. 
  • Women in army infantry: controversial issues .
  • Non-chemical cleaning products: worth the cost or not? 
  • Capitalism is an economic system that perpetuates inequality. 
  • The United States Patriot Act controversies .
  • Should the death penalty be abolished in the US? 
  • The effectiveness of using hacking skills in business. 
  • Ethical controversies in COVID-19 pandemic regulations .
  • Why is being transgender not a gender disorder ? 
  • The risk of religious discrimination in a multi-cultured society. 
  • Controversial art and censorship .
  • Does a smoking ban reduce lung cancer rates? 
  • The influence of mixed-race backgrounds on personal development. 
  • Minimum wage policy and its impact: controversy .
  • The importance of policies and religious accommodations at the workplace. 
  • How to raise awareness of women’s rights in society? 
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder diagnosis controversy .
  • Legalization of marijuana for medical usage: for and against. 
  • What are the potentially harmful effects of consuming genetically modified food ? 
  • Dementia and its controversial treatment .
  • The effects of globalization on national economies and job losses. 
  • How to reduce the incidence of alcoholism and drug addiction in society? 
  • The Jamestown massacre controversy .
  • The efficiency of drug testing programs in schools . 

Controversial research topics inspire discussions and push limits on established beliefs. In the following paragraphs, you can find risky but interesting controversial questions for your future study!

Controversial Topics in Education

  • How do cell phones decrease learning productivity?
  • The role of textbooks in education .
  • The impact of fast food on students’ learning skills.
  • Do armed guards reduce crime rates in schools?
  • Why does education require political intervention ?
  • The negative side of individualized approach in education .
  • Advantages and disadvantages of tracking and grouping in classes.
  • School sex education and teenage pregnancy in the United States .
  • Does a college education lower the unemployment rate ?
  • Early childhood education and its influence on success in the future.
  • Education: internet courses versus traditional courses .
  • Does a low level of IQ affect academic performance?
  • The importance of detention in disciplining students.
  • Labeling in special education .
  • Does homeschooling provide a better education than traditional schooling?

Controversial Psychology Topics

  • What factors contribute to the persistence of stereotypes in diverse societies? 
  • Happiness as a Way of Living and Perceiving Reality .
  • The impact of advertising on the human brain and mental health. 
  • How does yoga affect a person’s mental state? 
  • Gaming influence on psychology and personality .
  • The effect of biological factors on sexual orientation . 
  • Do violent video games influence real-life aggression? 
  • Psychology: does a criminal mind exist ?
  • Placebo effect and its role in demonstrating the power of the mind. 
  • Can psychological profiling accurately forecast criminal behavior? 
  • Psychological testing: beneficial or harmful ?
  • The impact of subconscious biases on decision-making. 
  • Does testimony from witnesses properly represent historical events?
  • Experimental psychology: science vs. ideology .
  • Do near-death experiences provide evidence of an afterlife? 

Controversial Criminal Justice Topics

  • Do mandatory minimum sentences lower crime rates?
  • Racial bas in criminal justice systems and workplaces .
  • The ethical side of capital punishment in the US .
  • The role of racial bias in the criminal justice system.
  • Recidivism in criminal justice: the prison system of America .
  • Do private prisons put profit above inmate welfare?
  • The effectiveness of body cameras in maintaining accountability and transparency.
  • Ethical dilemmas in the criminal justice system .
  • Is the drug war successful in lowering drug abuse?
  • The impact of solitary confinement on the occurrence of mental disorders in prisoners.
  • Non-inclusiveness of the criminal justice system .
  • How to prevent sexual assault in the military ?
  • The role of restitution in dealing with prison overcrowding .
  • Cyberbullying as a criminal offense in Singapore .
  • How does the prison system impact the mental health of prisoners ?

This image shows current controversial criminal justice topics.

Controversial Political Questions

  • Is wealth redistribution a successful way of addressing income inequality?
  • Political culture: failure of democracy in Iraq .
  • Do restrictive abortion policies decrease the abortion rates among teens?
  • What impact do campaign funding regulations have on political corruption ?
  • Mexican immigration as a political controversy .
  • How do religious factors shape public opinion on LGBTQ+ rights?
  • How to regulate the misinformation or propaganda inside the country?
  • Abortion in Texas as a political issue .
  • How does the accessibility of weapons affect the frequency of mass shootings ?
  • What effect does immigration have on crime and public safety in host countries?
  • Tolerance and political diversity in the US .
  • Why does power concentration negatively affect press freedom?
  • How do politicians reconcile private power interests and democratic values?
  • Political ecologies of electronic waste: does it really make a difference ?
  • What is the role of government in providing affordable healthcare ?

Controversial Environmental Topics

  • Does the ban on plastic help to stop climate change?
  • Environment: oil drilling in the Arctic National Refuge .
  • Nuclear power as the solution for sustainable energy production.
  • Can banning fast fashion be beneficial to the environment?
  • The controversies of climate change .
  • How does noise pollution affect marine life?
  • Does recycling cause more trash in the environment?
  • Global warming and the free rider problem .
  • The benefits of efficient toilets in conserving water.
  • The establishment of the carbon tax as a way to reduce carbon footprint.
  • Global warming: myth or reality ?
  • What threat to the Earth does overpopulation pose?
  • The negative consequences of leftover foods in restaurants.
  • It’s not my fault: global warming and moral responsibility .
  • Would the ban on mining aid in preserving the environment?

📝 Controversial Argumentative Essay Topics

Controversial argumentative essay topics require the student to investigate a problem, examine the evidence, and present a concise viewpoint on an issue. Some of the hottest topics are already waiting for you below!

  • Should athletes be checked for steroid usage regularly?
  • The controversy between free will and determinism .
  • Procrastination has a negative influence on critical thinking.
  • Pharmacies should provide teenagers with free contraception.
  • Operation Geronimo: controversy and the legal authority .
  • Torture can be efficient in solving some crimes.
  • Why should computer addiction be treated seriously?
  • Should illegal immigrants be made legal citizens ?
  • Prenuptial agreements can strengthen families’ relationships.
  • Why should media violence be censored?
  • Should smoking be illegal ?
  • Are social networks helpful, or are they just a waste of time?
  • Cyberbullying should have legal consequences.
  • Have “three-strikes” laws been effective and should they be continued ?
  • Religious courses should be mandatory for everyone.
  • Why is modern technology too isolating?
  • Should Georgia legalize gambling to raise revenue ?
  • Tourist tax is essential to protect cultural heritage .
  • All individuals should have the right to possess firearms.
  • The Right-to-Die bill: why all states should pass it .
  • Do TV shows reinforce harmful stereotypes?
  • Values of fashion should not contradict the healthy body image .

Controversial Questions About Art

  • Why is the depiction of nudity in art considered vulgar?
  • Pornography vs. artistic nude photographs .
  • Should obscene artistic expression without “serious artistic value” be censored?
  • Why is art not an objective branch of human culture?
  • Graffiti as a monumental form of art .
  • Can governments stop the trafficking of antiquities?
  • What role does criticism play in modern art?
  • Art and entertainment: is there any difference ?
  • Are museums ready to cope with competition and demands for change?
  • Why is visiting a theater good for cultural growth?
  • Freedom of expression in artworks .
  • Why are new directions in architecture widely criticized?
  • Is an artwork’s worth determined by its price?
  • Defining art in the past and present .
  • Can graffiti be considered a legitimate form of art?

Controversial History Questions

  • Is the existence of Atlantis not entirely mythical?
  • How has the invention of gunpowder affected the world ?
  • Why is it not true that pyramids were built by slaves in Egypt?
  • What would be with Germany if Hitler had not happened?
  • How did WWI change women’s role in America ?
  • What was the leading cause of the American Civil War ?
  • Who funded the assassins of Archduke Ferdinand?
  • What led up to the assassination of Julius Caesar ?
  • Why was slavery unprofitable for enslavers?
  • From whom did Charles Darwin get his idea of evolution?
  • Jacksonian democracy: who benefitted ?
  • Why was Galileo tortured for his beliefs?
  • Who actually wrote Shakespeare’s plays?
  • Was the Industrial Revolution positive for society ?
  • How did European pathogens cause the decline of the Cahokia and Mississippian mounds?

Controversial Opinion Questions

  • Why should religion be separated from politics?
  • Euthanasia in public opinion and policy-making .
  • Do a person’s thoughts and behavior contribute to mental illnesses?
  • How can curfews keep teens out of trouble?
  • Internet in our life: personal opinion .
  • Why are immigrants more of a benefit rather than a problem?
  • Are social media platforms accountable for the material they publish?
  • Money and expenditures: personal opinion .
  • What is the harmful impact of homework ?
  • Should LGBT+ problems be discussed during school sex education classes?
  • Our opinions on vaccines and what factors influence them .
  • Why allowing a child to be overweight is a form of child abuse ?
  • How can smartphones damage our IQs?
  • Opinions about euthanasia: for and against .
  • Why is war never an option for solving international disputes?

Like any other sphere, business has many exciting topics that provoke deep discussion and boost people’s curiosity. Here are some ideas that you can use for your papers!

  • The issue of discrimination and harassment at the workplace.
  • Business ethics and CSR: when corporate values must be upgraded .
  • How does abuse of leadership authority impact employees’ productivity?
  • The risks of nepotism and favoritism in big corporations.
  • Samsung and child labor: business ethics case .
  • How to find the balance between work and personal life?
  • The ethical side of corporate espionage.
  • Business ethics: Indian tea plantation workers .
  • Social media networks should be blocked at work.
  • Why are remote workers more productive?
  • Business ethics of concealing facts in a report .
  • The efficiency of open-space offices in creating fresh business ideas.
  • Companies should provide health care to part-time employees.
  • Management issues: diversity in the workplace .
  • How to avoid ethical issues in the business industry?
  • A casual dress code should be mandatory in the office.
  • Socialization of people with disabilities in the workplace .
  • Will AI replace human jobs soon?
  • Minimum wages should be increased around the world.
  • Workplace sexual harassment and legal boundaries .
  • Stakeholder capitalism as a fundamental violation of fiduciary duty.
  • How to deal with a toxic working environment?

Controversial Topics in Business Management

  • How to obtain an advantage over competitors ethically?
  • Artificial intelligence in strategic business management .
  • The importance of workforce diversity in global organizations.
  • Participative management approach as a method to empower the workforce.
  • Women minorities in business management .
  • Why is it vital to implement quality management systems ?
  • Employers should make accommodations for employees with mental health issues.
  • The marginal productivity of labor in business management .
  • All workplace relationships should be banned.
  • Time management as a way to boost productivity.
  • Moral wayfinding for a business manager .
  • Outsourcing as a way of redirecting the company’s resources.
  • The effectiveness of banning political discussion in resolving labor conflicts.
  • Technological changes in business management .
  • Why is focusing on customer service not vital in the business industry?

Controversial Marketing Topics

  • Overpromising as a harmful way to gain customers’ trust.
  • Marketing: social responsibility and the law .
  • Misusing customer data should be punished by the government.
  • How does misleading pricing affect the number of sales?
  • Is it necessary to develop a marketing plan ?
  • The risks and benefits of controversial marketing.
  • The impact of colors on the brand and marketing campaigns .
  • Advertising to children and social responsibility .
  • Why should advertising potentially dangerous products be banned?
  • Virtual influencers in marketing and their impact on teenagers.
  • Sex in advertising and its harmful effects .
  • Recycling content as a way to draw more customers.
  • What is the role of social justice issues in ads of popular brands?
  • Pharmaceutical advertising is propaganda .
  • The role of racial diversity in marketing campaigns.

This image shows examples of controversial marketing campaigns.

Controversial medical topics can inspire passionate discussions within healthcare. In the following paragraphs, you can check out the hottest ideas to discuss in the medical field!

Controversial Nursing Topics

  • The importance of nurses in end-of-life care .
  • Staffing issues in nursing .
  • How long should nurses rest between patients?
  • The benefits and drawbacks of nurse-physician collaboration .
  • Circumcision ethical dilemma and a nurse’s role in it .
  • The efficiency of nursing unions in defending nurses’ rights.
  • Medical errors and disclosure in pediatric nursing .
  • Nurse Robaczynski’s case: crime or mercy killing ?
  • Nursing approaches to ophthalmic care for older adults.
  • What is the value of informed consent in nursing practice?
  • Drug addiction among nurses .
  • The worth of nursing leadership in fostering a culture of transparency.
  • The role of nurses in addressing medical futility.
  • Nurses’ work-life balance and patient safety .
  • How to balance patient autonomy and healthcare professional expertise?

Controversial Public Health Topics

  • Should medical experiments on humans be legalized?
  • Vaccination as a public health policy issue .
  • The pros and cons of exercising for pregnant women.
  • Social media disinformation as a key cause of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy .
  • Abortion from legal and public health perspectives .
  • How should the issue of obesity be treated?
  • The impact of the coronavirus on a specific vulnerable population.
  • Sugary drink tax as a public health policy .
  • Did COVID-19 give a boost to telemedicine ?
  • The opioid crisis is a public health catastrophe.
  • Is bottled water safe for public health ?
  • The impact of aging water and sewer infrastructure on health.
  • Why are electronic cigarettes more harmful than regular ones?
  • Firearm violence as a public health issue .
  • Federal privacy laws should protect the privacy of patients.

Controversial Medical Ethics Topics

  • Medical students’ involvement in patient care: for or against.
  • Patient’s violence and the use of the doctor’s force .
  • Is it ethical for healthcare workers to accept gifts from patients?
  • The peculiarities of working with surrogate decision-makers.
  • Medical ethics: a do-not-resuscitate order .
  • How to address disparities in health care professionally?
  • The importance of patient privacy and confidentiality.
  • Medical ethics: performing an unnecessary test .
  • The possible pitfalls of legalization of organ transplantation .
  • Euthanasia should be a free choice of a patient.
  • Is lying to patients against medical ethics ?
  • What is the ethical side of DNR orders ?
  • Moral dilemmas concerning physician-assisted suicide .
  • Medical ethics: pet euthanasia .
  • How should malpractice and negligence in healthcare be punished?

Controversial Questions about Mental Health

  • Why is self-help in coping with mental disorders a waste of time?
  • What are the dangers of fad diets for mental health ?
  • Are mental health issues a result of personality weakness or character flaws?
  • Do children experience mental health issues?
  • What causes medication administration errors in a mental health hospital ?
  • How to prevent a mental health condition?
  • What is the role of psychosurgery in treating depression?
  • How does ageism affect mental health and addiction ?
  • Why do people use self-harm to overcome traumatic experiences?
  • Is hearing voices the first symptom of schizophrenia ?
  • What are the mental health issues in incarcerated adults ?
  • Why is having bipolar disorder considered fancy among teenagers?
  • What is the role of practical pharmacotherapy in child psychiatry ?
  • How can violence potential be assessed in forensic psychiatric institutions ?
  • How can suicidal behavior be unnoticed in society?

Do you need a controversial scientific topic for your term paper or essay? Read on to find the perfect topics on science that you can use in your favor!

  • Science should try to revive extinct species.
  • Vaccines and autism: does the controversy persist ?
  • Will expanding stem cell research be beneficial?
  • The role of genes in determining a person’s behavior.
  • Controversies related to technology: newborn screening .
  • What is the evidence of life on other planets?
  • The scientific side of reincarnation .
  • Controversies between religion and science .
  • Why should alternative medicine be forbidden?
  • Genetic variations as the leading cause of alcoholism.
  • How is science demarcated from pseudoscience ?
  • The efficiency of symptomatic care in the separation of conjoined twins .
  • Is it possible to create a virus in the lab?
  • Faith and science: did Darwin kill God ?
  • The impact of scientific creationism on education.
  • Why should the development of neural lace technology be banned?
  • Cyber-science: fiction or modern reality ?
  • Why should people have the right to refuse vaccinations?
  • Should governments invest significant resources in space exploration ?
  • The promises and perils of artificial intelligence .
  • The ethical aspects of human cloning for medical purposes.
  • Why is animal testing necessary?

Controversial Biology Topics

  • Drinking a lot of water wipes away the vital nutrients the body needs.
  • Is gender a culturally or biologically perscribed role ?
  • Why are overweight people more likely to develop chronic diseases ?
  • Current generations are responsible for preventing climate change.
  • Mind-body problem in psychobiology .
  • Charles Darwin’s evolution hypothesis may not be flawless.
  • The potential for gene editing to heal genetic diseases .
  • Substance abuse: environmental influences and biology .
  • Cancer treatment does additional harm to the health.
  • The debate in evolutionary biology regarding the validity of the molecular clock.
  • Biotechnology: impact on biological warfare and biodefense .
  • What are healthy bacteria that should remain in the body?
  • The impact of synthetic biology on the environment.
  • Advantages and disadvantages of stem cell research .
  • What are the evolutionary origins of homosexuality ?

Controversial Engineering Topics

  • The design and construction of weaponry should be banned.
  • Engineering professionalism and ethics .
  • What is the ethical side of bioengineering?
  • The possible consequences of the “conflict mineral” exploitation.
  • Loudness war in sound engineering .
  • How can AI replace humans in engineering processes?
  • The debate between imperial and metric measurements.
  • Green engineering: principles, benefits, and constraints .
  • Why do environmental engineers play a huge role in mitigating climate change?
  • The safety of products and structures is a crucial concern for engineers.
  • Human factor engineering problem: carpal tunnel syndrome .
  • Manipulation of organisms with the help of genetic engineering .
  • Why do males dominate the engineering industry?
  • Ethical dilemmas in software engineering: Volkswagen ethical dilemma .
  • The efficiency of chemical engineering technologies in diagnosing diseases.

Controversial Chemistry Topics

  • How do chemical agendas impact cultural values or religious ideas?
  • Government preparedness to chemical and bio terrorism .
  • The role of chemistry in the prediction of environmental or health problems.
  • Chemical weapons as a primary threat to the world.
  • Chemical pollution and loans in business ethics .
  • The role of chemical laboratories in increasing drug abuse rates.
  • How does desalinated water impact human health?
  • Dumping chemical wastes in the lake .
  • The negative side of using nuclear energy .
  • Why is avoiding pesticides in agriculture vital?
  • An unethical decision of the Rongping Chemical Company .
  • The use of radiant energy in making food safer.
  • What is the potential side effect of fluoridation?
  • Chemical impact on the US vulnerable communities .
  • The safety of using BPA in food packaging .

This image shows controversial topics in science.

Deep, controversial questions can challenge our beliefs and prompt introspection. Check out the most contentious philosophical questions that you can use for your essay or paper below!

  • How can we identify good without knowing what evil is?
  • What is the problem of evil in relation to philosophy and religion ?
  • Do you have control over your destiny, or does everything happen by fate?
  • Is happiness the most essential goal in life?
  • Philosophy prospectus: why should we be moral ?
  • Does life exist somewhere else in the universe?
  • Is it immoral to distribute riches inequitably?
  • Issues in philosophy: does God exist ?
  • Is love simply a physical desire or something more?
  • Can a life without friends still be fulfilling?
  • Are there limits to what should be questioned ?
  • What will happen when the world ends?
  • Does religion have an impact on scientific thinking?
  • Is euthanasia morally acceptable ?
  • How can you know that your perceptions are accurate?
  • What is the distinction between being alive and living?
  • Is watching football morally acceptable ?
  • Is beauty a subjective or objective concept?
  • Are we ethically obliged to help others?
  • Are rich countries morally obligated to assist poor countries ?
  • Is suffering an unavoidable aspect of human life?
  • What does an afterlife look like?
  • When is the use of military force justified ?

Moral Controversial Topics

  • Would you kill one person to save the lives of hundreds?
  • What is the moral doctrine of active and passive euthanasia ?
  • Why is there no absolute morality in the world?
  • Is refusing life-saving medical care morally wrong?
  • What is the moral status of an abnormal fetus ?
  • Would you lie in the name of love?
  • Does putting others before yourself give your life purpose?
  • Should athletes be held to a higher moral standard ?
  • Would you want to know when you are going to die?
  • Would you go against the law to save someone you care about?
  • What is the moral status of the human embryo ?
  • Would you use a dating service to find a lover?
  • Can money buy happiness?
  • Is it morally permissible to drive after having one drink ?
  • What would you change in the world if you could?

Controversial Religious Topics

  • How does religion impact a woman’s right to have an abortion?
  • Religion in schools: is there a place for it ?
  • What are the negative consequences of blasphemy laws?
  • Why should animal sacrifice be banned in every religion?
  • What are the consequences of religious freedom in America ?
  • Why do autopsy laws conflict with religious objections?
  • Is there scientific evidence for God’s existence ?
  • Is religion the root of terrorism ?
  • Why is gay marriage not supported in many religions?
  • Can prayer affect the fate of events?
  • What are the religious and moral aspects of slavery ?
  • How should the church respond to racial injustice and discrimination ?
  • Why can’t Satanism be a valid religion?
  • Is Islam a religion that practices just war ?
  • Do religions cause more conflict than they solve?

Do you know that funny, controversial questions can provide you with a dose of laughter and debate at the same time? Look at the entertaining topics we have prepared for you!

  • Why are women often used as inspiration for writing poems?
  • Should apartments ban dogs based on breed ?
  • How quickly can children become addicted to video games?
  • Why is procrastination necessary for achieving goals?
  • Should stimulants be prescribed to boost grades ?
  • What impact does noise pollution have on human well-being?
  • Why should guys avoid wearing skinny jeans?
  • Should plant-based dairy be labeled as milk ?
  • How to choose a role model for your children?
  • Why do people enjoy making things complicated?
  • Should schools distribute condoms ?
  • Why may clowns frighten both children and adults?
  • How to win an argument with the husband?
  • Why pitbulls should not be banned .
  • What are the most effective ways to survive a zombie apocalypse?
  • What is the most useless talent in the world?
  • Should spamming be illegal ?
  • Why is listening to podcasts instead of music more beneficial?
  • The time you enjoy wasting is not wasted time.
  • Should people be paid to stay healthy ?
  • Only hardworking people can achieve their goals.
  • What makes someone a “good person”?

Random Controversial Questions

  • What are the leading causes of awkward dates?
  • Gender stereotypes: should real men wear pink ?
  • What is the importance of mandatory napping hours for adults?
  • What is the proper technique for applying toothpaste on a brush?
  • Should wolves come back to Colorado ?
  • How does laughter influence academic success in elementary school?
  • When is it useful to be a good liar?
  • Why shouldn’t you have grades in school ?
  • Why should pajamas be a part of the work dress code ?
  • Why is retail therapy an effective method for boosting happiness?
  • Repatriate or keep: should museums return artifacts ?
  • What are the possible consequences of falling coconuts for human health?
  • Why should wearing socks with sandals be banned?
  • Should societies impose monogamy ?
  • Why are emojis the superior way of communication?

Controversial Sports Topics

  • Why should the use of animals in the sports industry be banned?
  • The issue of violence in sports .
  • The benefits and drawbacks of social media’s influence on the sports world.
  • Why does money play an essential role in professional sports?
  • Steroid use and sports .
  • Advertising during football matches should be banned.
  • Why should sports betting be legalized?
  • Transgender women athletes in professional sports .
  • The impact of funny nicknames on sports career.
  • Gender discrimination is the biggest problem in the sports industry.
  • Accessibility of sports facilities for people with disabilities .
  • What are the risks and rewards of steroids in sports?
  • The role of sport in preventing mental problems.
  • Public funding for professional sports facilities .
  • Why are all Brazilian athletes good at soccer?

Controversial Music Topics

  • Why is rap music considered to promote rape?
  • The need for censorship in the music industry .
  • Michael Jackson : a musical genius or a mentally ill man?
  • The role of classical music in improving learning skills.
  • Hip-hop and violence: does this music genre promote crime ?
  • The effectiveness of piracy laws in curbing illegal copying of songs.
  • What is the secret behind the success of Justin Bieber?
  • Tupac’s fake death conspiracy theory .
  • The impact of music types on sleep quality .
  • Why isn’t auto-tuned music real music?
  • Controversies about how to interpret music .
  • The importance of lyrics in modern pop songs.
  • The relationship between music and lifestyle of a music fan.
  • Legalizing free downloads of music and movies .
  • Why is talent not important in the music industry in the 21st century?

Controversial Animal Topics

  • Why is animal testing never justified?
  • Is animal creativity possible ?
  • The efficiency of government laws in protecting animals’ rights.
  • The ethical drawbacks of horse racing.
  • Using animals in medical experiments .
  • What should there be the penalty for animal poachers?
  • What are the effective ways to prevent animal extinctions?
  • Animal welfare: why animals should be treated with kindness and respect .
  • Sacrificing an animal for religious reasons: an ethical side.
  • What are humans’ responsibilities to animals?
  • Captivity in zoos adversely affects animals .
  • Using animals for food should be banned.
  • The impact of farming on the environment.
  • Animal transplantation and commerce in organs .
  • Why should keeping exotic animals as pets be illegal?

Social Media Controversial Topics

  • The influence of social networks on self-esteem.
  • Social media’s influence on the children and teens .
  • Social networks as a method to manipulate people.
  • The importance of digital connectedness in modern society.
  • Transparency of services: social media and the Internet usage .
  • How to stop the dissemination of fake news on Twitter?
  • Digital friendship: benefits and possible drawbacks.
  • Social media for children: threat or opportunity ?
  • How does the platform BeReal differ from other social networks?
  • The impact of Instagram masks on the perception of one’s appearance.
  • Law enforcement: online crimes and social media .
  • Why should politicians be banned from social media?
  • Social networks as a platform for the emergence of new professions.
  • Nursing professionalism in social media .
  • Social media destroys creativity in teenagers.

Controversial Relationship Questions

  • How does divorce impact a child’s mental health?
  • Money issues in romantic and marital relationships .
  • Is there a place for monogamy in today’s world?
  • Why are mothers expected to prioritize their children’s needs over their own?
  • Family relationships and dominant culture .
  • Why is it important for a couple to move in together before marriage?
  • How does violence in a family affect a child?
  • Family relationships and response to health issues .
  • Why is a man considered the head of the family?
  • Is it good for spouses to have different religious beliefs?
  • Domestic violence in same-sex relationships .
  • Should couples put their careers above their relationships?
  • Why should adoptive parents not hide information about a child’s biological origins?
  • Interpersonal qualities for good relationships .
  • How does betrayal impact relationships?

Controversial Food Questions

  • What are the health risks of genetically modified foods?
  • Labeling food with genetically modified organisms .
  • Why should pineapple on pizza be banned?
  • How does food misinformation in the media impact consumers’ choices?
  • Food additives: dangers and health impacts .
  • Why is McDonald’s the best fast-food restaurant in the world?
  • What is bad about taking photos of food at restaurants?
  • Is fast food really harmful and can it be healthy ?
  • Why should people not eat meat daily?
  • What is the role of a healthy diet in dealing with childhood obesity?
  • Food consumption: enjoyment and ethics .
  • Can your diet be modified to match your genetic profile?
  • Why do people in different countries have opposite views on nutrition?
  • Advantages and disadvantages of biotechnology in improving the nutritive value of foods .
  • What are the main risks of eating too much sweets?

Looking for controversial questions to debate in the classroom or during the conversation? Check out the list we’ve created especially for you!

  • Addicts should receive help rather than punishment. 
  • Breastfeeding and bottle feeding controversies .
  • Why does the beauty industry create unrealistic beauty standards ? 
  • Is it possible for alternative energy to replace fossil fuels effectively? 
  • Rationalism and empiricism controversy .
  • The possible drawbacks of binge-watching . 
  • The importance of a parenting class before having a child. 
  • Holocaust denial and antisemitism ideas .
  • Why is war never justified? 
  • Smoking e-cigarettes should be made illegal. 
  • Contemporary global controversies: labor standards .
  • The single-gender schools are better for teenagers. 
  • Why should we ban “diet culture”? 
  • Debate on circumcision: is it unethical and unlawful ?
  • Effective ways of solving the problem of ageism in society. 
  • The drawbacks of patriotism exceed the advantages. 
  • Mass starvation: is it a real danger for humans ?
  • Why is it impossible to achieve world peace ? 
  • The negative impact of beauty pageants on self-esteem. 
  • Graffiti: is it art or vandalism ?
  • Are pharmaceutical medication prices reasonable? 
  • Women are better at managing large corporations than men. 
  • Sport hunting: is it cruel to kill animals for sport ?
  • Organ donation should be made compulsory. 
  • Why is feminism out of date in the 21st century? 
  • Criminal profiling: is it science ?
  • Cryptocurrencies will replace traditional currencies soon. 
  • Corporate jobs are a new form of slavery. 
  • Obesity: is it a disease ?
  • Why is blockchain technology the future? 

❓ Controversial Questions FAQ

What is a controversial topic.

Controversial topics are topics that elicit strong emotions and divide opinions. Dealing with controversial issues may be highly emotional, especially if they involve values, beliefs, and ethical standards. At the same time, such topics help distinguish between fact and opinion and teach respect for other people’s viewpoints.

What Are Some Controversial Questions?

  • Is freedom of speech essential in a functional society?
  • Should burning the flag be punished?
  • Is solar power the energy of the future?
  • Should more people become vegetarian?
  • Is tourism harmful to the environment?
  • Will technology kill the world?

How to Present a Controversial Topic?

  • Ensure you have all the necessary information and are well-versed in the subject.
  • Avoid unnecessary jargon or technical terminology.
  • Consider your target listeners’ age, gender, and ethnicity.
  • Establish credibility by sharing accurate facts or relevant stories.
  • Present both sides of the argument to be objective.
  • Hot Topics and Controversial Issues | Texas State University  
  • Guidelines for Discussing Difficult or High-Stakes Topics | University of Michigan  
  • What Do Americans Think About Controversial Topics in Schools? | USC Dornsife  
  • Topics | Brookings  
  • Issues and Controversies: Find a Topic | Marquette University  
  • Political Issues | Pew Research Center  
  • Issues & Controversies: topics on Crime and Juvenile Justice | A&M University  
  • Engaging in Discussions about Controversial Issues | Alys Avalos-Rivera  
  • Business Management Topics | The University of Maine  
  • Topics: Issues Related to Religion | The First Amendment Encyclopedia  
  • 5 Major Controversies and Challenges in Engineering | Interesting Engineering  
  • What Are the Top 10 Public Health Challenges in 2023? | News Medical
  • Select a Research Topic: Current Events and Controversial Issues | Southern Adventist University  
  • 110+ Controversial Debate Topics to Challenge Your Students | We Are Teachers  
  • Addressing Controversial Issues | Council of Europe  
  • 100+ Interesting Debate Topics | Owlcation
  • Room for Debate | The New York Times
  • The 22 Debates That Made Us Rage, Roll Our Eyes, and Change Our Minds In 2022 | The New York Times  
  • Current Debates | SAGE edge
  • Current Debates in Health Care Policy: A Brief Overview | Brookings
  • Share to Facebook
  • Share to Twitter X
  • Share to LinkedIn

You might also like

How to write a 250-word essay: length, outline, & example, how to write a 200-word essay: length, prompts, & example, 740 funny research topics — a list of superb writing ideas.

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy


  • A Research Guide
  • Research Paper Topics

30 Controversial Research Paper Topics

Read also: How to make a research paper for college.
  • Abortions: pro-life, pro-choice or the third option?
  • Shall kids from the religious families choose their religion when they grow up?
  • Military veterans: do they really feel better in the civilian life or shall they return to war?
  • Child transitioning: shall it be allowed?
  • Is civil marriage a marriage too?
  • Shall national cultures be preserved in the age of globalization?
  • Homeopathy: a traditional remedy or a fraud?
  • Are single parents still ostracized by the society?
  • Can the convicted criminals return to the ordinary life after prison?
  • Can euthanasia count as palliative treatment?
  • Did Stalin raised the USSR from the economical abyss?
  • Can human cloning be allowed?
  • Teenage marriages: are there cases when they are justified?
  • The limits of self-defence
  • Where are the limits of harassment?
  • Can all the religions be merged into the universal one to stop the religion wars?
  • Modern beauty standards: a way to the healthy body or self-esteem killers?
  • Do churches become business now?
  • Can censorship be justified when national security is endangered?
  • Freedom versus safety: how much control shall government have over our lives?
  • Single-sex schools: raising ladies and gentlemen or isolating kids from each other?
  • Does sex still sell? Tapping on our primal instincts in advertising
  • The ethics of surrogate motherhood
  • Is sex work an actual work? Legalisation of prostitution: pros and cons
  • Shall cursing people and using black magic be a criminal offense as psychological assault?
  • What measures are justified when fighting terrorism?
  • Is obesity the new norm?
  • Shall we welcome all the immigrants and refugees?
  • Living vegan: is it good for health?
  • Can someone invent a new religion just for personal purposes?

By clicking "Log In", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy . We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.

Sign Up for your FREE account

20 Best Topics for Your Position Paper in 2024

what is a good controversial topic for a research paper

Poorly chosen topics for your position paper may result in insufficient research material, impacting your ability to build a strong and well-supported position. Over the years, I’ve guided college students in conveying arguments effectively with the right topic. For this guide, I’m listing the best position paper topics to make compelling and relevant arguments.

The Top Position Paper Topics

Affirmative action.

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Religious Freedom

Human Rights Violations

Black lives matter, charter schools, civil rights, climate change, animal testing, death penalty or capital punishment, electoral college, foreign aid.

  • Labor Unions

Nuclear Energy

Outsourcing, reparations.

  • Social Security

Women’s Rights

The top position paper topics.

Some of the most popular position paper topics include civil rights , which examines issues related to equality, discrimination, and social justice. You could also consider writing a paper about capital punishment and climate change , addressing their challenges and potential solutions. You may also explore the ethical and legal implications of health insurance, social security,  and human trafficking .

Man typing on his laptop while looking at printed reports on his table

Below is a list of topics you can use to write your argumentative essay and formulate your position on a particular issue. Improve your college study skills  by researching and writing about these position paper topics.

Civil rights refers to one of the most consequential struggles in American history. Often discussed in law, social justice, and human services degrees, the controversy pits groups, organizations, and communities that advocate for greater racial equality against those who work to maintain or advance a white racial hierarchy.

The climate change debate concerns the impact of human activity on the earth’s temperature and its impact on weather patterns, plant life, wildlife, and human health. This is particularly a good topic if you’re interested in pursuing a  degree in environmental science .

Capital punishment or the death penalty is a form of legal punishment administered by the state. It has long been the subject of constitutional, philosophical, and practical disagreement, and legal fluctuation in degrees like criminal justice and law.

Usually for law and criminal justice degrees, compelling essays on violations of human rights address critical issues that impact human dignity, freedom, and global stability. For instance, you can discuss the impact of human trafficking and its implications for criminal justice systems.

Social Security and Health Insurance

Often discussed in health systems management and social work degrees, the social security controversy is a complex economic and philosophical debate over how it should be funded, dispersed, and managed. You can also argue issues on health insurance, including access, healthcare expenses, and coverage based on employment and socioeconomic status.

Artificial Intelligence and Genetic Engineering

Technological advancements behind AI, machine learning, and automation are among the highly debated topics in data science and analytics . With your training and knowledge from college, you can write arguments on genetic studies and artificial intelligence issues.

Arguments on animal tests present an ethical dilemma regarding the use of animals in scientific research for the animal science and veterinary technology fields. When writing, you can weigh the potential benefits against concerns for animal welfare and cruelty.

White rabbit on a wooden table

Advancing the public discussion on women’s rights is among the most discussed topics in a  gender studies degree.  Arguments for women’s rights aim to improve gender equity through legislation, activism, public service, and political participation.

Religious Freedom and Atheism

In religious studies degree programs, debate persists over the meaning of religious freedom and whether this freedom can be used to exempt groups from certain laws, including anti-discrimination laws. The controversy over atheism concerns disagreement between those who believe in the existence of deities and those who do not.

Minimum Wage and Labor Unions

Concerns about the minimum wage> are common arguments college students may encounter in economics and labor law courses. The controversy over labor unions shows conflicting ideals, methods, and goals between labor leaders and businesses.

Often discussed in degrees with reparatory justice courses, reparations controversies remain relevant, as advocates, activists, and public leaders continue to call for some form of reparations. This applies to both compensation for slavery and for the injustices visited upon succeeding generations of Black Americans.

Students completing a degree in cybersecurity  can also use research to fight against criminal hacking. In your position paper, you can discuss the lawful, unlawful, ethical, and unethical aspects of hacking.

For those considering a degree in psychology , your position paper can discuss extremism’s ideologies, methods, and prevention. You can investigate how psychological factors can lead people to get involved with extremism.

In political science degrees, the debate over the Electoral College is an ongoing controversy because critics argue that this model renders the national popular vote meaningless, undermines the principle of “one person, one vote,” and results in widespread voter disenfranchisement.

The outsourcing topic in the field of economics centers on the conflicting interests of corporate profitability and free market capitalism on one side. On the other side, there are concerns over heightened American unemployment and the exploitation of low-wage workers.

Often discussed in social science and international relations degrees, the issues over foreign aid divide those who believe there are strategic, economic, and moral imperatives justifying this use of American resources. Some believe this is a misappropriation of funding that should instead be spent on domestic priorities.

Smoke coming out of nuclear power plants

Nuclear energy aims to replace the use of fossil fuels to generate electricity. Generally part of nuclear physics and engineering degree programs, the debate over nuclear energy concerns its safety, environmental impact, capacity for civil energy production, and proliferation as a source of potentially catastrophic weaponry.

Frequently debated in social justice and human rights law degree programs, the issues concerning affirmative action divide those who believe this is an effective way to push back against the sociological impact of systemic discrimination versus those who believe affirmative action is either ineffective or is, itself, a discriminatory policy.

Position paper arguments over charter schools concern the belief that charter schools are a valuable alternative to traditional public schooling. Especially for education management-related programs, papers can also discuss its implications for disadvantaged or at-risk student populations versus the belief that charter schools divert funding and resources from traditional public schools.

Black Lives Matter is a modern protest movement centered around civil rights causes impacting Black Americans. As a common topic in sociology and political science programs, your paper can discuss and make arguments based on police brutality, vigilante violence, and institutional inequality in the American legal system.

What Is a Position Paper Topic and Why Should College Students Present One?

A position paper topic is a prolonged public dispute or debate. Many of these issues raise strong enough disagreements, contributing to a student’s political action, protest, and policy development through research and arguments.

  • As you build a career based on the ideas you’re learning to defend today, you will encounter controversy in modern education. College offers an amazing opportunity to explore these issues, and to determine where you fit into the conversation.
  • With your research paper, you can question your assumptions, defend your ideas, and train to probe for a more complete understanding of the controversial issues defining our times.
  • Wherever you are in your educational journey , you should embrace the opportunity to explore some of the most important debate topics.

Methodology: How I Choose These Topics and What Are the Limitations

At AcademicInfluence, influence rankings are used to identify and rank the best topics for a position paper. The methodology includes a point-based way of scoring the permeation, visibility, frequency, and quality of mentions.

Table with laptop, lamp, stack of books and printed reports

  • Using my ranking analytics tool, I applied the same standard to measuring the breadth of a given topic. Those topics that scored the most “influence points,” based on page views and social media links.
  • While some historical notes included may touch on controversy in countries other than the U.S., this is, by design, an ethnocentric list of American issues.
  • You will agree with some of the figures on each list, while you will disagree with some of them. You may even be offended by the inclusion of some influencers in our discussion. Inclusion is not an endorsement; it is merely an acknowledgment of influence, for better or worse.

Related Questions

What makes a good position paper topic.

Good position paper topics should allow for a strong argument and thesis to be developed. You also need to support it with comprehensive research or interviews from credible sources.

How can I Develop a Topic for a Position Essay?

To select position paper topics, start by identifying a field of interest, then brainstorm broad ideas and conduct preliminary research to narrow the scope. Gather printed materials and analyze similar papers by other authors, making sure your topic is societally relevant and allows for solid arguments backed by research.

What Should a Position Paper Include?

A position paper should follow a clear five-paragraph essay subtopics and headings to present information effectively. It should also include a concise introduction and summary to make the central argument comprehensible.

Understanding the importance of choosing compelling position paper topics is valuable for effective persuasive writing. With a well-chosen topic, you can captivate your audience, present a strong argument, and potentially influence their perspectives on the issue at hand.

Find additional study resources with a look at our study guides for students at every stage of the educational journey.

Or get valuable study tips, advice on adjusting to campus life, and much more at our student resource homepage .

UM-Flint Home


Research Topic Ideas

  • Picking a Topic
  • Area & Interdisciplinary Studies
  • Behavioral & Social Sciences
  • Business, Economics, & Management

Not Sure Which Topic to Choose?

Controversial issues and current events, flint water crisis.

  • Education & Social Work
  • Health Sciences
  • Natural and Physical Sciences

Look at the "Picking a Topic" tab on this guide for help brainstorming your topic. Also, our Research Process guide can help you throughout your research process.

  • Research Process by Liz Svoboda Last Updated Apr 26, 2024 7864 views this year
  • Affirmative Action
  • Affordable Care Act
  • Alternative medicine
  • America's global influence
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Assisted suicide
  • Bilingual education
  • Black Lives Matter
  • Border security
  • Capital punishment
  • Charter schools
  • Childhood obesity
  • Civil rights
  • Climate change
  • Concussions in football
  • COVID restrictions
  • Cryptocurrency
  • Cyber bullying
  • Cybersecurity
  • Drug legalization
  • Early voting
  • Eating disorders
  • Equal Rights Amendment
  • Executive order
  • Factory farming
  • Foreign aid
  • Freedom of speech
  • General Data Protection Regulation
  • Genetic engineering
  • Gerrymandering
  • Green New Deal
  • Hate speech
  • Health insurance
  • Human trafficking
  • Immigration
  • Israel-Palestine relations
  • Judicial activism
  • Labor unions
  • Land acknowledgments
  • #MeToo movement
  • Minimum wage
  • Misinformation
  • Net neutrality
  • Nuclear energy
  • Offshore drilling
  • Online anonymity
  • Organic food
  • Outsourcing
  • Police reform
  • Political activism
  • Prescription drug addiction
  • Racial profiling
  • Reparations
  • Russian hacking
  • Sanctuary city
  • Screen addiction
  • Self-driving cars
  • Sex education
  • Smart speakers
  • Social Security reform
  • Standardized testing
  • Stimulus packages
  • Supreme Court confirmation
  • Syrian civil war
  • Title IX enforcement
  • Trade tariffs
  • Transgender rights
  • Ukraine and Russia
  • Urban agriculture
  • Vaccination mandates
  • Violence in the media
  • Voter ID laws
  • Voting fraud and security
  • White nationalism
  • Women's rights
  • Zero tolerance policies

Related suggested databases

U-M login required

Covers contemporary social issues with pro & con and background information. Also allows searching of the collection Global Issues.

Covers contemporary social issues, from Offshore Drilling to Climate Change, Health Care to Immigration. Helps students research, analyze and organize a broad variety of data for conducting research, completing writing assignments, preparing for debates, creating presentations, and more. This resource helps students explore issues from all perspectives, and includes: pro/con viewpoint essays, topic overviews, primary source documents, biographies of social activists and reformers, court-case overviews, periodical articles, statistical tables, charts and graphs, images and a link to Google Image Search, podcasts (including weekly presidential addresses and premier NPR programs), and a national and state curriculum standards search correlated to the content that allows educators to quickly identify material by grade and discipline. Keyword(s): United States

In-depth, unbiased coverage of health, social trends, criminal justice, international affairs, education, the environment, technology, and the economy.

1923-present. Each single-themed, 12,000-word report is researched and written by a seasoned journalist, and contains an introductory overview; background and chronology on the topic; an assessment of the current situation; tables and maps; pro & con statements from representatives of opposing positions; and bibliographies of key sources.

Balanced, accurate discussions of over 250 controversial topics in the news along with chronologies, illustrations, maps, tables, sidebars, contact info, and bibliographies, including primary source documents and news editorials.

Covers 1995-present. A Read Aloud button is available for text-to-speech for much of the content.

Series of short books that offer a balanced and authoritative treatment of current events and countries of the world.

What Everyone Needs to Know has short overviews designed to offer a balanced and authoritative treatment on complex current events and countries of the world. Includes books in these areas:

  • Arts & Humanities  
  • Medicine & Health  
  • Science & Mathematics  
  • Social Sciences  
  • Art as commentary
  • Early childhood development
  • Citizen scientists
  • Emergency manager law
  • Environmental health
  • Government regulations
  • Health care access
  • Infrastructure
  • Investigative journalism
  • Lead and Copper Rule
  • Lead toxicity
  • Volunteerism
  • Water filtration
  • Water Resource Development Act (S.2848)
  • Water rights
  • Water supply policy
  • Water supply regulation

Related subject guide

  • The Flint Water Crisis: A Guide to Information Resources by Paul Streby Last Updated Mar 1, 2024 398 views this year
  • << Previous: Business, Economics, & Management
  • Next: Education & Social Work >>
  • Last Updated: Mar 1, 2024 1:06 PM
  • URL: https://libguides.umflint.edu/topics


125 Controversial Research Topics and Ideas to Deal With

Table of Contents

Writing a controversial research paper or essay is similar to an argumentative essay where you need to provide clear opinions and stand for your beliefs. But, one of the challenging parts of writing a controversial essay or research paper is choosing the right controversial research topics.

Controversial Research Topics

We live in a world full of controversies. So, choosing a controversial topic and conducting deep research would be really tough and interesting. In general, the majority of controversial topics revolve around social issues like religious conflicts, racism, drugs, etc. But when you choose a controversial topic, you should give preference to the topic that is inspiring and has a scope to present your ideas or thoughts.

In case, you are in a dilemma of what controversial topic to select for your research paper, check this blog post. Here, we have shared some effective tips for choosing a good controversial research topic. Also, we have suggested 100+ controversial research topics on various themes.

Controversial Research Paper Topic Selection Tips

As said earlier, choosing a controversial topic is a challenging task. If you choose an impressive controversial topic for writing a research paper or essay, then obviously your assignment will stand out in the crowd and will also help to boost your marks or grades.

Discussed below are a few tips that you should keep in mind and follow while picking a controversial research topic.

  • The controversial topic you select should match your interest, and you should also have strong knowledge about it.
  • The topic you select should be inspiring to you and your readers should be able to relate to that topic easily.
  • Never pick a wide topic because it would be difficult for you to share your opinions clearly.
  • Choose a controversial topic that has a good scope of discussion because when you write a research paper, you should be able to present your views and counterarguments with relevant references.
  • In order to write an authentic controversial research paper, the controversial topic you choose should have many supporting pieces of evidence like statistical information, unusual facts, and surveys.

List of Controversial Research Paper Topics

The following are a few top controversial topics that you can consider for writing your research paper or thesis.

Interesting Controversial Research Topics

  • The disclosure of personal medical data.
  • The safety of uninsured patients.
  • The moral aspect of marijuana legalization.
  • Should the elder children take care of their younger siblings?
  • The violence in video games.
  • Is being a vegetarian healthy?
  • The attitude of students with disabilities.
  • Are nurses responsible for a patient’s behavior?
  • The Covid-19 controversies.
  • The origin of religious conflicts.
  • Uninsured patients and their safety.
  • Video games and their violence.
  • How is a nurse responsible for the patient’s behavior?
  • All vegetarians are healthy- What is your viewpoint>
  • Covid-19 and the controversies surrounding it.
  • Why is surrogate motherhood controversial?
  • Surrogate mothers and societal worldview
  • Why is gay marriage controversial?
  • Discuss some recent issues and controversies related to surrogacy in the United States
  • Critical analysis of the controversies around Gay and lesbian surrogacy
  • Analyze the controversies around the cases of assisted death
  • Discuss the reasons making the Affordable Care Act highly controversial
  • Describe the three reasons that make the idea of Arming teachers controversial
  • Analyze the controversies around Arms Control and Nonproliferation
  • Describe some of the most controversial cases around the Rule of Law & Human Rights in the United Kingdom

Captivating Controversial Topics for Research 

  • The moral aspect of beauty salons.
  • The restricted nature of Catholicism.
  • Tobacco advertisements and their benefits.
  • The medical tourism issue.
  • Male versus female parenting.
  • Domestic violence is caused by alcohol consumption.
  • Should college be free?
  • Are Montessori schools a threat to public education?
  • Should school uniforms be abolished?
  • Should religion be taught as an obligatory subject?
  • Should surrogate pregnancy be used on-demand or only for health reasons?
  • Should there be a state regulation for fast food chains?
  • Controversies of the #Metoo movement.
  • Should there be censorship in social media?
  • Discuss the use of psilocybin in the treatment of mental illnesses.
  • Write about the negative side of the film industry.
  • Should TV Commercials be banned?
  • Is womb transplantation a good alternative to surrogate pregnancy?
  • Where are the limits of harassment?
  • Should we welcome immigrants and refugees?
  • Should school teachers are permitted to provide private coaching
  • The impact of cell phones on health.
  • Role of a nurse in maintaining the privacy of crime information.
  • Community colleges and their negative outlook.

Read more: Good Argumentative Essay Topics That You Must Consider

Best Controversial Research Paper Topics

  • Should smartphones be allowed at school?
  • Social media dependency.
  • Should the children be allowed to use Facebook and Instagram?
  • Should martial arts be taught at school?
  • Capital punishment and its benefits for the media.
  • Females VS Males in Science.
  • Social media and its negative image.
  • Is it essential to allow prisoners to vote?
  • Should luxury parties be forbidden?
  • The external politics of the United States.
  • Should people shift to cryptocurrency and is it reliable to invest in cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin?
  • Is it necessary to ban the production of handbags made from animal skins?
  • Do MBA students make good business leaders or managers?
  • Is it really necessary to censor movies?
  • Should non-Muslims be allowed to enter Mecca and Medina?
  • Changing the looks of babies: should it be legal to change the eye color of a newborn genetically?
  • Discuss genetic engineering and its implications as a tool for human enhancement
  • Should healthcare providers in developed nations pay for assisted reproductive techniques?
  • Is it more challenging for African (black) artists to get recognition?
  • Why do so many musicians ban US President Donald Trump from using their work?
  • Analysis of John Lennon’s remark on the Beatles stating Beatles “more popular than Jesus”
  • Whitewashing in Hollywood: should there be any law to guarantee the employment of actors of color?
  • Does the portrayal of domestic violence in the media channels cause audiences to become violent themselves?
  • Should pregnant women be allowed to take the concept of the ‘right to life’ and ‘right to choice’ into account?
  • Discuss the controversy around ‘The Birth of a Nation (1915)’ movie

Controversial Research Topics

Outstanding Controversial Research Ideas

  • The negativity of nightclubs.
  • The dark side of the fashion industry.
  • Should minors be allowed to enter beauty salons?
  • The substance promotion by rap and rock musicians.
  • The portrayal of slavery in the media.
  • A negative  outlook on community colleges .
  • The distorted view of the rest of the world in the USA.
  • Should nurses keep information about the crimes private?
  • The use of opium for sedating purposes.
  • The issue of vaccine distribution.
  • The portrayal of patriarchy in digital and traditional media.
  • Impact of movies and TV series in causing Islamophobia.
  • The adverse side of the fast fashion industry.
  • Is sustainable fashion an achievable factor for the poor or is it just a concept for the rich?
  • Is it good or bad to conduct human gene editing?

Popular Controversial Research Topics

  • The attitude to patients with AIDS.
  • The decrease of the drinking age.
  • Uneven access to healthcare in the world.
  • Is using cell phones dangerous for our health?
  • Are we to blame for global warming?
  • Should we ban the use of animals in various research works?
  • How to approach the death penalty differently?
  • The morality and athletes.
  • Ban the tax system for poor people.
  • Is it important to forgive the debts of college students?
  • Are suicidal pods ethical?
  • Should the language most spoken be accepted as the national language?
  • Is Sabarimala’s verdict progressive or a threat to traditions?
  • Is India becoming an intolerant country?
  • Is it really necessary to become a vegetarian to protect the earth?

Read more: Top  Criminal Justice Research Topics Idea for Students

Excellent Controversial Research Topics

  • Discuss the ethical implications of legalizing abortion in the US Firearm Laws and the situation as it stands today: An Indian viewpoint
  • Discuss how Catholicism is a limiting religion.
  • Education in the public versus Montessori education Examine the dangers of the Montessori approach.
  • Policies against discrimination and inclusion in companies and institutions of higher learning
  • In North Carolina, community college scandals unleash a veritable Pandora’s box.
  • Is it necessary to allow healthcare workers like nurses to assist criminals by keeping their knowledge secret from law enforcement?
  • What are the main stipulations and bans in Middle Eastern nations?
  • Montessori schools pose a danger to the education system.
  • Is religious education important for school students?
  • Which is morally preferable, life in jail or a rehabilitation facility?

Unique Controversial Research Topics

  • Which is the best cardio equipment- the elliptical or treadmill?
  • Are flying cars the best solution to traffic congestion?
  • Is exercise a source of critical medical complications?
  • Future vs. the Past: Which Era is More Appealing?
  • Was religion created to limit humanity?
  • Do churches become businesses?
  • What measures are justified when fighting terrorism?
  • Can censorship be justified when national security is endangered?
  • Is civil marriage a marriage too?

Till now, we saw effective tips for choosing the right controversial research paper topic and a list of top trending and popular controversial topics.

In general, a controversial research paper is a type of academic research paper that addresses the writer’s views or opinions about a highly charged, contestable issue. Out of the various controversial topics listed above, choose any topic of your choice.

Controversial Research Paper Writing Tips

After choosing a controversial research topic, follow the below-mentioned tips to come up with a praiseworthy controversial essay or research paper.

  • The controversial research paper should cover all the major points of the selected topic in a simple and concise manner.
  • Write a crispy and thought-provoking thesis statement that is relevant to your controversial research topic.
  • Never discuss the same argument repeatedly in the essay. Make sure to touch all the main points of the selected topic and discuss them with supporting examples and evidence.
  • Your entire piece of writing should induce the readers to raise certain questions about your opinions, ideas, and morals.
  • When writing a controversial research paper, be sure to include your opinions and counterarguments with relevant references.
  • When you explain your point of view about a controversy in the research paper, include relevant statistical data and facts to make your readers believe that you have done some research about the subject,
  • Structure and format the controversial research paper in a readable and understandable manner by including elements like an introduction, body, and conclusion.
  • The final draft of your controversial research paper should be free from errors. So, do a complete revision and rectify the spelling, grammar, and punctuation errors, if there are any.

Hopefully, the list of the different controversial research ideas suggested in this blog would help you in crafting a detailed research paper with proper evidence. In case, you are hesitant about what topic to choose or if you don’t know how to write an excellent controversial research paper, then get in touch with us quickly.

what is a good controversial topic for a research paper

Related Post

Spell for Students and Adults

110 Hard Words to Spell for Students and Adults

Avoid Passive Voice

Learn How to Avoid Passive Voice in 3 Simple Steps

Greek Mythology Essay Topic

117 Best Greek Mythology Essay Topics For Students

About author.

' src=

Jacob Smith

I am an Academic Writer and have affection to share my knowledge through posts’. I do not feel tiredness while research and analyzing the things. Sometime, I write down hundred of research topics as per the students requirements. I want to share solution oriented content to the students.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.

  • Featured Posts

140 Unique Geology Research Topics to Focus On

200+ outstanding world history topics and ideas 2023, 190 excellent ap research topics and ideas, 150+ trending group discussion topics and ideas, 170 funny speech topics to blow the minds of audience, who invented exams learn the history of examination, how to focus on reading 15 effective tips for better concentration, what is a rhetorical analysis essay and how to write it, primary school teacher in australia- eligibility, job role, career options, and salary, 4 steps to build a flawless business letter format, get help instantly.

Raise Your Grades with Assignment Help Pro

Are you seeking one-on-one college counseling and/or essay support? Limited spots are now available. Click here to learn more.

160 Good Argumentative Essay Topics for Students in 2024

April 3, 2024

The skill of writing an excellent argumentative essay is a crucial one for every high school or college student to master. In sum, argumentative essays teach students how to organize their thoughts logically and present them in a convincing way. This skill is helpful not only for those pursuing degrees in law , international relations , or public policy , but for any student who wishes to develop their critical thinking faculties. In this article, we’ll cover what makes a good argument essay and offer several argumentative essay topics for high school and college students. Let’s begin!

What is an Argumentative Essay?

An argumentative essay is an essay that uses research to present a reasoned argument on a particular subject . As with the persuasive essay , the purpose of an argumentative essay is to sway the reader to the writer’s position. However, a strong persuasive essay makes its point through diligent research and emotion while a strong argumentative essay should be based solely on facts, not feelings.

Moreover, each fact should be supported by clear evidence from credible sources . Furthermore, a good argumentative essay will have an easy-to-follow structure. When organizing your argumentative essay, use this format as a guide:

  • Introduction
  • Supporting body paragraphs
  • Paragraph(s) addressing common counterarguments

Argumentative Essay Format

In the introduction , the writer presents their position and thesis statement —a sentence that summarizes the paper’s main points. The body paragraphs then draw upon supporting evidence to back up this initial statement, with each paragraph focusing on its own point. The length of your paper will determine the amount of examples you need. In general, you’ll likely need at least two to three. Additionally, your examples should be as detailed as possible, citing specific research, case studies, statistics, or anecdotes.

In the counterargument paragraph , the writer acknowledges and refutes opposing viewpoints. Finally, in the conclusion , the writer restates the main argument made in the thesis statement and summarizes the points of the essay. Additionally, the conclusion may offer a final proposal to persuade the reader of the essay’s position.

How to Write an Effective Argumentative Essay, Step by Step

  • Choose your topic. Use the list below to help you pick a topic. Ideally, a good argumentative essay topic will be meaningful to you—writing is always stronger when you are interested in the subject matter. In addition, the topic should be complex with plenty of “pro” and “con” arguments. Avoid choosing a topic that is either widely accepted as fact or too narrow. For example, “Is the earth round?” would not be a solid choice.
  • Research. Use the library, the web, and any other resources to gather information about your argumentative essay topic. Research widely but smartly. As you go, take organized notes, marking the source of every quote and where it may fit in the scheme of your larger essay. Moreover, remember to look for (and research) possible counterarguments.
  • Outline . Using the argument essay format above, create an outline for your essay. Then, brainstorm a thesis statement covering your argument’s main points, and begin to put your examples in order, focusing on logical flow. It’s often best to place your strongest example last.
  • Write . Draw on your research and outline to create a first draft. Remember, your first draft doesn’t need to be perfect. (As Voltaire says, “Perfect is the enemy of good.”) Accordingly, just focus on getting the words down on paper.
  • Does my thesis statement need to be adjusted?
  • Which examples feel strongest? Weakest?
  • Do the transitions flow smoothly?
  • Do I have a strong opening paragraph?
  • Does the conclusion reinforce my argument?

Tips for Revising an Argument Essay

Evaluating your own work can be difficult, so you might consider the following strategies:

  • Read your work aloud to yourself.
  • Record yourself reading your paper, and listen to the recording.
  • Reverse outline your paper. Firstly, next to each paragraph, write a short summary of that paragraph’s main points/idea. Then, read through your reverse outline. Does it have a logical flow? If not, where should you adjust?
  • Print out your paper and cut it into paragraphs. What happens when you rearrange the paragraphs?

Good Argumentative Essay Topics for Middle School, High School, and College Students

Family argumentative essay topics.

  • Should the government provide financial incentives for families to have children to address the declining birth rate?
  • Should we require parents to provide their children with a certain level of nutrition and physical activity to prevent childhood obesity?
  • Should parents implement limits on how much time their children spend playing video games?
  • Should cell phones be banned from family/holiday gatherings?
  • Should we hold parents legally responsible for their children’s actions?
  • Should children have the right to sue their parents for neglect?
  • Should parents have the right to choose their child’s religion?
  • Are spanking and other forms of physical punishment an effective method of discipline?
  • Should courts allow children to choose where they live in cases of divorce?
  • Should parents have the right to monitor teens’ activity on social media?
  • Should parents control their child’s medical treatment, even if it goes against the child’s wishes?
  • Should parents be allowed to post pictures of their children on social media without their consent?
  • Should fathers have a legal say in whether their partners do or do not receive an abortion?
  • Can television have positive developmental benefits on children?
  • Should the driving age be raised to prevent teen car accidents?
  • Should adult children be legally required to care for their aging parents?

Education Argument Essay Topics

  • Should schools ban the use of technology like ChatGPT?
  • Are zoos unethical, or necessary for conservation and education?
  • To what degree should we hold parents responsible in the event of a school shooting?
  • Should schools offer students a set number of mental health days?
  • Should school science curriculums offer a course on combating climate change?
  • Should public libraries be allowed to ban certain books? If so, what types?
  • What role, if any, should prayer play in public schools?
  • Should schools push to abolish homework?
  • Are gifted and talented programs in schools more harmful than beneficial due to their exclusionary nature?
  • Should universities do away with Greek life?
  • Should schools remove artwork, such as murals, that some perceive as offensive?
  • Should the government grant parents the right to choose alternative education options for their children and use taxpayer funds to support these options?
  • Is homeschooling better than traditional schooling for children’s academic and social development?
  • Should we require schools to teach sex education to reduce teen pregnancy rates?
  • Should we require schools to provide sex education that includes information about both homosexual and heterosexual relationships?
  • Should colleges use affirmative action and other race-conscious policies to address diversity on campus?
  • Should public schools remove the line “under God” from the Pledge of Allegiance?
  • Should college admissions officers be allowed to look at students’ social media accounts?
  • Should schools abolish their dress codes, many of which unfairly target girls, LGBTQ students, and students of color?
  • Should schools be required to stock free period products in bathrooms?
  • Should legacy students receive preferential treatment during the college admissions process?
  • Are school “voluntourism” trips ethical?

Government Argumentative Essay Topics

  • Should the U.S. decriminalize prostitution?
  • Should the U.S. issue migration visas to all eligible applicants?
  • Should the federal government cancel all student loan debt?
  • Should we lower the minimum voting age? If so, to what?
  • Should the federal government abolish all laws penalizing drug production and use?
  • Should the U.S. use its military power to deter a Chinese invasion of Taiwan?
  • Should the U.S. supply Ukraine with further military intelligence and supplies?
  • Should the North and South of the U.S. split up into two regions?
  • Should Americans hold up nationalism as a critical value?
  • Should we permit Supreme Court justices to hold their positions indefinitely?
  • Should Supreme Court justices be democratically elected?
  • Is the Electoral College still a productive approach to electing the U.S. president?
  • Should the U.S. implement a national firearm registry?
  • Is it ethical for countries like China and Israel to mandate compulsory military service for all citizens?
  • Should the U.S. government implement a ranked-choice voting system?
  • Should institutions that benefited from slavery be required to provide reparations?
  • Based on the 1619 project, should history classes change how they teach about the founding of the U.S.?
  • Should term limits be imposed on Senators and Representatives? If so, how long?
  • Should women be allowed into special forces units?
  • Should the federal government implement stronger, universal firearm licensing laws?
  • Do public sex offender registries help prevent future sex crimes?
  • Should the government be allowed to regulate family size?
  • Should all adults legally be considered mandated reporters?
  • Should the government fund public universities to make higher education more accessible to low-income students?
  • Should the government fund universal preschool to improve children’s readiness for kindergarten?

Health/Bioethics Argumentative Essay Topics

  • Should the U.S. government offer its own healthcare plan?
  • In the case of highly infectious pandemics, should we focus on individual freedoms or public safety when implementing policies to control the spread?
  • Should we legally require parents to vaccinate their children to protect public health?
  • Is it ethical for parents to use genetic engineering to create “designer babies” with specific physical and intellectual traits?
  • Should the government fund research on embryonic stem cells for medical treatments?
  • Should the government legalize assisted suicide for terminally ill patients?
  • Should organ donation be mandatory?
  • Is cloning animals ethical?
  • Should cancer screenings start earlier? If so, what age?
  • Is surrogacy ethical?
  • Should birth control require a prescription?
  • Should minors have access to emergency contraception?
  • Should hospitals be for-profit or nonprofit institutions?

Good Argumentative Essay Topics — Continued

Social media argumentative essay topics.

  • Should the federal government increase its efforts to minimize the negative impact of social media?
  • Do social media and smartphones strengthen one’s relationships?
  • Should antitrust regulators take action to limit the size of big tech companies?
  • Should social media platforms ban political advertisements?
  • Should the federal government hold social media companies accountable for instances of hate speech discovered on their platforms?
  • Do apps such as TikTok and Instagram ultimately worsen the mental well-being of teenagers?
  • Should governments oversee how social media platforms manage their users’ data?
  • Should social media platforms like Facebook enforce a minimum age requirement for users?
  • Should social media companies be held responsible for cases of cyberbullying?
  • Should the United States ban TikTok?
  • Is social media harmful to children?
  • Should employers screen applicants’ social media accounts during the hiring process?

Religion Argument Essay Topics

  • Should religious institutions be tax-exempt?
  • Should religious symbols such as the hijab or crucifix be allowed in public spaces?
  • Should religious freedoms be protected, even when they conflict with secular laws?
  • Should the government regulate religious practices?
  • Should we allow churches to engage in political activities?
  • Religion: a force for good or evil in the world?
  • Should the government provide funding for religious schools?
  • Is it ethical for healthcare providers to deny abortions based on religious beliefs?
  • Should religious organizations be allowed to discriminate in their hiring practices?
  • Should we allow people to opt out of medical treatments based on their religious beliefs?
  • Should the U.S. government hold religious organizations accountable for cases of sexual abuse within their community?
  • Should religious beliefs be exempt from anti-discrimination laws?
  • Should religious individuals be allowed to refuse services to others based on their beliefs or lifestyles? (As in this famous case .)
  • Should the US ban religion-based federal holidays?
  • Should public schools be allowed to teach children about religious holidays?

Science Argument Essay Topics

  • Would the world be safer if we eliminated nuclear weapons?
  • Should scientists bring back extinct animals? If so, which ones?
  • Should we hold companies fiscally responsible for their carbon footprint?
  • Should we ban pesticides in favor of organic farming methods?
  • Should the federal government ban all fossil fuels, despite the potential economic impact on specific industries and communities?
  • What renewable energy source should the U.S. invest more money in?
  • Should the FDA outlaw GMOs?
  • Should we worry about artificial intelligence surpassing human intelligence?
  • Should the alternative medicine industry be more stringently regulated?
  • Is colonizing Mars a viable option?
  • Is the animal testing worth the potential to save human lives?

Sports Argument Essay Topics

  • Should colleges compensate student-athletes?
  • How should sports teams and leagues address the gender pay gap?
  • Should youth sports teams do away with scorekeeping?
  • Should we ban aggressive contact sports like boxing and MMA?
  • Should professional sports associations mandate that athletes stand during the national anthem?
  • Should high schools require their student-athletes to maintain a certain GPA?
  • Should transgender athletes compete in sports according to their gender identity?
  • Should schools ban football due to the inherent danger it poses to players?
  • Should performance-enhancing drugs be allowed in sports?
  • Do participation trophies foster entitlement and unrealistic expectations?
  • Should sports teams be divided by gender?
  • Should professional athletes be allowed to compete in the Olympics?
  • Should women be allowed on NFL teams?

Technology Argumentative Essay Topics

  • Should sites like DALL-E compensate the artists whose work it was trained on?
  • Should the federal government make human exploration of space a more significant priority?
  • Is it ethical for the government to use surveillance technology to monitor citizens?
  • Should websites require proof of age from their users? If so, what age?
  • Should we consider A.I.-generated images and text pieces of art?
  • Does the use of facial recognition technology violate individuals’ privacy?
  • Is online learning as effective as in-person learning?
  • Does computing harm the environment?
  • Should buying, sharing, and selling collected personal data be illegal?
  • Are electric cars really better for the environment?
  • Should car companies be held responsible for self-driving car accidents?
  • Should private jets be banned?
  • Do violent video games contribute to real-life violence?

Business Argument Essay Topics

  • Should the U.S. government phase out the use of paper money in favor of a fully digital currency system?
  • Should the federal government abolish its patent and copyright laws?
  • Should we replace the Federal Reserve with free-market institutions?
  • Is free-market ideology responsible for the U.S. economy’s poor performance over the past decade?
  • Will cryptocurrencies overtake natural resources like gold and silver?
  • Is capitalism the best economic system? What system would be better?
  • Should the U.S. government enact a universal basic income?
  • Should we require companies to provide paid parental leave to their employees?
  • Should the government raise the minimum wage? If so, to what?
  • Should antitrust regulators break up large companies to promote competition?
  • Is it ethical for companies to prioritize profits over social responsibility?
  • Should gig-economy workers like Uber and Lyft drivers be considered employees or independent contractors?
  • Should the federal government regulate the gig economy to ensure fair treatment of workers?
  • Should the government require companies to disclose the environmental impact of their products?
  • Should companies be allowed to fire employees based on political views or activities?
  • Should tipping practices be phased out?
  • Should employees who choose not to have children be given the same amount of paid leave as parents?
  • Should MLMs (multi-level marketing companies) be illegal?
  • Should employers be allowed to factor tattoos and personal appearance into hiring decisions?

In Conclusion – Argument Essay Topics

Using the tips above, you can effectively structure and pen a compelling argumentative essay that will wow your instructor and classmates. Remember to craft a thesis statement that offers readers a roadmap through your essay, draw on your sources wisely to back up any claims, and read through your paper several times before it’s due to catch any last-minute proofreading errors. With time, diligence, and patience, your essay will be the most outstanding assignment you’ve ever turned in…until the next one rolls around.

Looking for more fresh and engaging topics for use in the classroom? You might consider checking out the following:

  • 125 Good Debate Topics for High School Students
  • 150 Good Persuasive Speech Topics
  • 7 Best Places to Study
  • Guide to the IB Extended Essay
  • How to Write the AP Lang Rhetorical Analysis Essay
  • AP Lit Reading List
  • How to Write the AP Lang Synthesis Essay
  • 49 Most Interesting Biology Research Topics
  • High School Success

Lauren Green

With a Bachelor of Arts in Creative Writing from Columbia University and an MFA in Fiction from the Michener Center for Writers at the University of Texas at Austin, Lauren has been a professional writer for over a decade. She is the author of the chapbook  A Great Dark House  (Poetry Society of America, 2023) and a forthcoming novel (Viking/Penguin).

  • 2-Year Colleges
  • Application Strategies
  • Best Colleges by Major
  • Best Colleges by State
  • Big Picture
  • Career & Personality Assessment
  • College Essay
  • College Search/Knowledge
  • College Success
  • Costs & Financial Aid
  • Data Visualizations
  • Dental School Admissions
  • Extracurricular Activities
  • Graduate School Admissions
  • High Schools
  • Law School Admissions
  • Medical School Admissions
  • Navigating the Admissions Process
  • Online Learning
  • Private High School Spotlight
  • Summer Program Spotlight
  • Summer Programs
  • Teacher Tools
  • Test Prep Provider Spotlight

“Innovative and invaluable…use this book as your college lifeline.”

— Lynn O'Shaughnessy

Nationally Recognized College Expert

College Planning in Your Inbox

Join our information-packed monthly newsletter.

50 Argumentative Essay Topics

Illustration by Catherine Song. ThoughtCo. 

  • M.Ed., Education Administration, University of Georgia
  • B.A., History, Armstrong State University

An argumentative essay requires you to decide on a topic and argue for or against it. You'll need to back up your viewpoint with well-researched facts and information as well. One of the hardest parts is deciding which topic to write about, but there are plenty of ideas available to get you started. Then you need to take a position, do some research, and present your viewpoint convincingly.

Choosing a Great Argumentative Essay Topic

Students often find that most of their work on these essays is done before they even start writing. This means that it's best if you have a general interest in your subject. Otherwise, you might get bored or frustrated while trying to gather information. You don't need to know everything, though; part of what makes this experience rewarding is learning something new.

It's best if you have a general interest in your subject, but the argument you choose doesn't have to be one that you agree with.

The subject you choose may not necessarily be one you are in full agreement with, either. You may even be asked to write a paper from the opposing point of view. Researching a different viewpoint helps students broaden their perspectives. 

Ideas for Argument Essays

Sometimes, the best ideas are sparked by looking at many different options. Explore this list of possible topics and see if a few pique your interest. Write those down as you come across them, then think about each for a few minutes.

Which would you enjoy researching? Do you have a firm position on a particular subject? Is there a point you would like to make sure you get across? Did the topic give you something new to think about? Can you see why someone else may feel differently?

List of 50 Possible Argumentative Essay Topics

A number of these topics are rather controversial—that's the point. In an argumentative essay , opinions matter, and controversy is based on opinions. Just make sure your opinions are backed up by facts in the essay.   If these topics are a little too controversial or you don't find the right one for you, try browsing through persuasive essay and speech topics  as well.

  • Is global climate change  caused by humans?
  • Is the death penalty effective?
  • Is the U.S. election process fair?
  • Is torture ever acceptable?
  • Should men get paternity leave from work?
  • Are school uniforms beneficial?
  • Does the U.S. have a fair tax system?
  • Do curfews keep teens out of trouble?
  • Is cheating out of control?
  • Are we too dependent on computers?
  • Should animals be used for research?
  • Should cigarette smoking be banned?
  • Are cell phones dangerous?
  • Are law enforcement cameras an invasion of privacy?
  • Do we have a throwaway society ?
  • Is child behavior better or worse than it was years ago?
  • Should companies market to children?
  • Should the government have a say in our diets?
  • Does access to condoms prevent teen pregnancy?
  • Should members of Congress have term limits?
  • Are actors and professional athletes paid too much?
  • Are CEOs paid too much?
  • Should athletes be held to high moral standards?
  • Do violent video games cause behavior problems?
  • Should creationism be taught in public schools?
  • Are beauty pageants exploitative ?
  • Should English be the official language of the United States?
  • Should the racing industry be forced to use biofuels?
  • Should the alcohol-drinking age be increased or decreased?
  • Should everyone be required to recycle?
  • Is it okay for prisoners to vote (as they are in some states)?
  • Should same-sex marriage be legalized in more countries?
  • Are there benefits to attending a single-sex school ?
  • Does boredom lead to trouble?
  • Should schools be in session year-round ?
  • Does religion cause war?
  • Should the government provide health care?
  • Should abortion be illegal?
  • Should more companies expand their reproductive health benefits for employees?
  • Is homework harmful or helpful?
  • Is the cost of college too high?
  • Is college admission too competitive?
  • Should euthanasia be illegal?
  • Should the federal government legalize marijuana use nationally ?
  • Should rich people be required to pay more taxes?
  • Should schools require foreign language or physical education?
  • Is affirmative action fair?
  • Is public prayer okay in schools?
  • Are schools and teachers responsible for low test scores?
  • Is greater gun control a good idea?

How to Craft a Persuasive Argument

After you've decided on your essay topic, gather evidence to make your argument as strong as possible. Your research could even help shape the position your essay ultimately takes. As you craft your essay, remember to utilize persuasive writing techniques , such as invoking emotional language or citing facts from authoritative figures. 

  • 100 Persuasive Essay Topics
  • 100 Persuasive Speech Topics for Students
  • Examples of Great Introductory Paragraphs
  • Tips on How to Write an Argumentative Essay
  • Preparing an Argument Essay: Exploring Both Sides of an Issue
  • Bad Essay Topics for College Admissions
  • How to Write a Narrative Essay or Speech
  • Controversial Speech Topics
  • How to Write a Solid Thesis Statement
  • High School Debate Topics
  • How to Write a Persuasive Essay
  • MBA Essay Tips
  • 25 Essay Topics for American Government Classes
  • A Sample Essay for Common Application Option #7: Topic of Your Choice
  • How to Ace Your University of Wisconsin Personal Statements
  • 5 Steps to Writing a Position Paper

What are your chances of acceptance?

Calculate for all schools, your chance of acceptance.

Duke University

Your chancing factors


what is a good controversial topic for a research paper

52 Argumentative Essay Ideas that are Actually Interesting

What’s covered:, how to pick a good argumentative essay topic, elements of a strong argumentative essay, argumentative essay idea example topics.

Are you having writer’s block? Coming up with an essay topic can be the hardest part of the process. You have very likely encountered argumentative essay writing in high school and have been asked to write your own. If you’re having trouble finding a topic, we’ve created a list of 52 essay ideas to help jumpstart your brainstorming process! In addition, this post will cover strategies for picking a topic and how to make your argument a strong one. Ultimately, the goal is to convince your reader. 

An argumentative essay tasks the writer with presenting an assertion and bolstering that assertion with proper research. You’ll present the claim’s authenticity. This means that whatever argument you’re making must be empirically true! Writing an argumentative essay without any evidence will leave you stranded without any facts to back up your claim. When choosing your essay topic, begin by thinking about themes that have been researched before. Readers will be more engaged with an argument that is supported by data.

This isn’t to say that your argumentative essay topic has to be as well-known, like “Gravity: Does it Exist?” but it shouldn’t be so obscure that there isn’t ample evidence. Finding a topic with multiple sources confirming its validity will help you support your thesis throughout your essay. If upon review of these articles you begin to doubt their worth due to small sample sizes, biased funding sources, or scientific disintegrity, don’t be afraid to move on to a different topic. Your ultimate goal should be proving to your audience that your argument is true because the data supports it.

The hardest essays to write are the ones that you don’t care about. If you don’t care about your topic, why should someone else? Topics that are more personal to the reader are immediately more thoughtful and meaningful because the author’s passion shines through. If you are free to choose an argumentative essay topic, find a topic where the papers you read and cite are fun to read. It’s much easier to write when the passion is already inside of you!

However, you won’t always have the choice to pick your topic. You may receive an assignment to write an argumentative essay that you feel is boring. There is still value in writing an argumentative essay on a topic that may not be of interest to you. It will push you to study a new topic, and broaden your ability to write on a variety of topics. Getting good at proving a point thoroughly and effectively will help you to both understand different fields more completely and increase your comfort with scientific writing.

Convincing Thesis Statement

It’s important to remember the general essay structure: an introduction paragraph with a thesis statement, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. A strong thesis statement will set your essay up for success. What is it? A succinct, concise, and pithy sentence found in your first paragraph that summarizes your main point. Pour over this statement to ensure that you can set up your reader to understand your essay. You should also restate your thesis throughout your essay to keep your reader focused on your point.

Ample Research

A typical argumentative essay prompt may look like this: “What has been the most important invention of the 21st century? Support your claim with evidence.” This question is open-ended and gives you flexibility. But that also means it requires research to prove your point convincingly. The strongest essays weave scientific quotes and results into your writing. You can use recent articles, primary sources, or news sources. Maybe you even cite your own research. Remember, this process takes time, so be sure you set aside enough time to dive deep into your topic.

Clear Structure

If the reader can’t follow your argument, all your research could be for nothing! Structure is key to persuading your audience. Below are two common argumentative essay structures that you can use to organize your essays.

The Toulmin argument and the Rogerian argument each contain the four sections mentioned above but executes them in different ways. Be sure to familiarize yourself with both essay structures so that your essay is the most effective it can be.

The Toulmin argument has a straightforward presentation. You begin with your assertion, your thesis statement. You then list the evidence that supports your point and why these are valid sources. The bulk of your essay should be explaining how your sources support your claim. You then end your essay by acknowledging and discussing the problems or flaws that readers may find in your presentation. Then, you should list the solutions to these and alternative perspectives and prove your argument is stronger.

The Rogerian argument has a more complex structure. You begin with a discussion of what opposing sides do right and the validity of their arguments. This is effective because it allows you to piece apart your opponent’s argument. The next section contains your position on the questions. In this section, it is important to list problems with your opponent’s argument that your argument fixes. This way, your position feels much stronger. Your essay ends with suggesting a possible compromise between the two sides. A combination of the two sides could be the most effective solution.

  • Is the death penalty effective?
  • Is our election process fair?
  • Is the electoral college outdated?
  • Should we have lower taxes?
  • How many Supreme Court Justices should there be?
  • Should there be different term limits for elected officials?
  • Should the drinking age be lowered?
  • Does religion cause war?
  • Should the country legalize marijuana?
  • Should the country have tighter gun control laws?
  • Should men get paternity leave?
  • Should maternity leave be longer?
  • Should smoking be banned?
  • Should the government have a say in our diet?
  • Should birth control be free?
  • Should we increase access to condoms for teens?
  • Should abortion be legal?
  • Do school uniforms help educational attainment?
  • Are kids better or worse students than they were ten years ago?
  • Should students be allowed to cheat?
  • Is school too long?
  • Does school start too early?
  • Are there benefits to attending a single-sex school?
  • Is summer break still relevant?
  • Is college too expensive?

Art / Culture

  • How can you reform copyright law?
  • What was the best decade for music?
  • Do video games cause students to be more violent?
  • Should content online be more harshly regulated?
  • Should graffiti be considered art or vandalism?
  • Should schools ban books?
  • How important is art education?
  • Should music be taught in school?
  • Are music-sharing services helpful to artists?
  • What is the best way to teach science in a religious school?
  • Should fracking be legal?
  • Should parents be allowed to modify their unborn children?
  • Should vaccinations be required for attending school?
  • Are GMOs helpful or harmful?
  • Are we too dependent on our phones?
  • Should everyone have internet access?
  • Should internet access be free?
  • Should the police force be required to wear body cams?
  • Should social media companies be allowed to collect data from their users?
  • How has the internet impacted human society?
  • Should self-driving cars be allowed on the streets?
  • Should athletes be held to high moral standards?
  • Are professional athletes paid too much?
  • Should the U.S. have more professional sports teams?
  • Should sports be separated by gender?
  • Should college athletes be paid?
  • What are the best ways to increase safety in sports?

Where to Get More Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas

If you need more help brainstorming topics, especially those that are personalized to your interests, you can use CollegeVine’s free AI tutor, Ivy . Ivy can help you come up with original argumentative essay ideas, and she can also help with the rest of your homework, from math to languages.

Related CollegeVine Blog Posts

what is a good controversial topic for a research paper

My Speech Class

Public Speaking Tips & Speech Topics

205 Controversial Topics for your Essay, Speech, or Debate

Photo of author

Amanda Green was born in a small town in the west of Scotland, where everyone knows everyone. I joined the Toastmasters 15 years ago, and I served in nearly every office in the club since then. I love helping others gain confidence and skills they can apply in every day life.

controversial speech topics

Do you think social media platforms should censor politicians? No matter how important you feel this issue is relative to other issues of the day, you’re likely to have an opinion one way or the other. Why? Because it’s a controversial matter, and it immediately pushes some buttons in our brains.

What makes issues like this so engaging?

Controversial topics have two features that almost instantly grab people’s attention. On one side, they are both simple and familiar, and so are understandable without any effort. On the other side, they touch on sensitive matters that society as a whole has not yet come to terms with. This makes them tickle our inherent desire for closure. We want to make up our minds once and for all!

So if you’re looking for such a topic for your essay, speech, or debate, you’ve come to the right place!

We’ve compiled a list of hundreds of controversial issues organized by subject matter (You can visit our page on how to write a persuasive controversial essay if you want to improve your base skills). Whether you’re trying to come up with a topic for your science, psychology, history class – or nearly any other topic! – you’re sure to find an issue below that will keep your audience engaged, and even stir up some discussion.

In this article:

Political Debate Topics

Controversial criminal justice topics, controversial religious topics, controversial topics for teens, controversial science topics, controversial sports topics, controversial food topics, controversial nutrition topics, controversial animal topics, controversial topics in psychology, controversial relationship topics, controversial medical topics, controversial topics in nursing, controversial topics in biology, music controversial topics, controversial art topics, controversial history topics, funny controversial topics, what are the pros and cons of controversial topics.

As mentioned earlier, picking a controversial topic almost guarantees that you’ll command your audience’s attention. But such issues have downsides too. We go over the advantages and disadvantages of hot-button issues to help you make the right choice for your essay, speech, or debate.

Can We Write Your Speech?

Get your audience blown away with help from a professional speechwriter. Free proofreading and copy-editing included.

  • Immediately engaging – Your readers or listeners are unlikely to doze off.
  • Easy to find information on – You won’t have to look far to find credible information on controversial issues.
  • Likely to keep you absorbed while researching – What’s interesting for your audience will probably keep boredom at bay for you too.
  • Too sensitive for some people – These issues often have a strong emotional charge and may even be taboo for some, causing awkward situations.
  • Hard to review all points – A huge debate has probably been raging on such topics, so it’s not so easy to cover all your bases and appear knowledgeable on the issue at hand.
  • Hard to wrap up – These matters are controversial for a reason. It may be hard to come to a satisfactory conclusion, whether you’re presenting or debating.

Interesting Controversial Topics by Field

Below, we’ve compiled a catalog of fascinating controversial topics by field. Keep in mind that many of these spill over from one category to another, so there is some overlap. Is climate change a political or scientific issue? There’s a controversial question for you!

Controversy is where politics are born. There’s usually some point of disagreement about any matter related to public affairs – that’s why a politician’s main job is to debate and come to an agreement (ideally) on how to handle these issues. Or, as political scientist Harold Lasswell put it succinctly, politics is, “Who gets what, when, how.”

So political issues are controversial by definition. We’ve worked hard to provide you with the longest, most comprehensive list you’ll find anywhere, and any of these topics may be instantly captivating.

  • Is democracy the best form of government?
  • Should there be a minimum wage?
  • Should the government intervene in the free market?
  • Should the US government intervene in foreign affairs?
  • Should there be term limits for US senators?
  • Should the Electoral College be abolished in the US?
  • Are there exceptions to the freedom of speech?
  • Should hate speech be banned?
  • Should the government ensure the protection of privacy?
  • Is the gender pay gap real?
  • Does institutional racism exist in the US?
  • Is affirmative action helping or hurting?
  • Is immigration helping or hurting the US?
  • Should all illicit drugs be legalized?
  • Should prostitution be legalized?
  • Should abortion be banned?
  • Should there be stricter gun control laws?
  • Should automatic weapons be banned?
  • Should military service be mandatory?
  • Should water be a commodity or a human right?
  • Should the government forgive all student debt?

Is justice being served? Few things get under people’s skin as much as perceived injustices. We are more or less programmed to seek fairness both for ourselves and for others. That’s why, similar to political topics, criminal justice issues are naturally engaging.

Appropriate punishment is salient now especially in the US after years of debates and protests related to the killings of minorities like George Floyd, Michael Brown, and Tamir Rice. More recently, the storming of the US Capitol, the role the President’s words had in inciting the perpetrators, and how liable they are when following their President’s words, are also hot-button issues. It’s hard to go wrong with a criminal justice topic.

  • Is the death penalty ethical?
  • Should people be jailed for drug-related offenses?
  • Should police officers be charged for inappropriate use of force?
  • Why are minorities disproportionately represented in the US prison population?
  • Why does the US have the largest prison population in the world?
  • Should mentally unstable people be charged with crimes?
  • Should underage repeat offenders be tried as adults?
  • Should there be more than 12 jurors in a jury?
  • Should felons be allowed to vote?

Religion is a sensitive issue everywhere. Since it often concerns people’s innermost beliefs and principles, it’s not difficult to capture your audience’s attention with a religious topic. But beware that it’s also very easy to offend someone if you’re not careful.

Take religious freedom, for example – a concept interpreted in very different ways by different people. When in 2012 a Christian baker in Colorado refused to bake a wedding cake for a gay couple, was he exercising his religious freedom or discriminating against LGBTQ people?

  • Is atheism a religion?
  • Does religion do more harm than good?
  • Should creationism be taught in schools?
  • Should there be religious education in schools?
  • Should religious symbols be banned from schools?
  • Should schools’ curriculums consider religious points of view?
  • Should public prayer be allowed in schools?
  • Should religious institutions pay taxes?
  • Are most religions inherently sexist?
  • Is Buddhism more peaceful than other religions?

The teenage years are a transition period between childhood and adulthood, which causes a natural struggle between treating teens as children or adults. Can we hold teenagers accountable for crimes they committed? Or should their parents be responsible? Issues like this make a lively debate inevitable.

  • Should we lower the voting age to 16?
  • Should we lower the drinking age to 18?
  • At what age should teens be allowed to date?
  • At what age is it appropriate for teens to have sex?
  • Should sex education be mandatory in school?
  • Should teenage pregnancies be terminated?
  • Should teens have access to birth control?
  • Is cyberbullying as bad as real-life bullying?
  • Is peer pressure good or bad?
  • Does social media cause an increase in teenage suicide?
  • Are beauty pageants harmful to teenagers’ self-esteem?
  • Should teens be allowed to keep secrets from parents?
  • Should energy drinks be banned for teenagers?
  • Should mobile devices be banned at school?
  • Is the school grading system effective?
  • Should school uniforms be mandatory?
  • Should teens be allowed to get tattoos?
  • Should vaping be prohibited for teens?

Are you looking for more controversial topics for teens? Check out our other article where you can find 170+ controversial debate topics for teens , as well as the dos and don’ts when debating controversial topics.

Science has a very specific way of addressing controversies – by looking at evidence. When scientists disagree on something, they have to back their views with data and logical arguments. But scientific questions are often taken outside the realm of the experts and turn into social, political, or economic issues.

That’s why it’s important to be familiar with the concept of false equivalence – a fallacy in which a flawed or misleading argument is presented as equivalent to a sound and logical one. For instance, scientists have shown that the preponderance of evidence points to the reality of climate change. Media outlets and some politicians, however, sometimes present the issue as not settled. No matter whether climate change is real or not, saying that a politician’s opinion is as valid as a scientist’s – when we’re talking about that scientist’s field – is a false equivalence. Issues like that are bound to create a heated (pun intended) debate.

  • Can scientists ever be objective?
  • Should corporations fund research?
  • Should science be optional in school?
  • Why are women underrepresented in science?
  • Is STEM education more valuable than training in humanities?
  • Should cryptocurrencies be regulated?
  • Should net neutrality be restored?
  • Should robots have rights?
  • Is AI a menace to humans?
  • Is AI the next stage in evolution?
  • Is technology helping or destroying Earth?
  • Can renewable sources of energy replace fossil fuels?
  • Is climate change a threat to humanity?
  • Is cell phone radiation dangerous?
  • Is climate change reversible?
  • Should all cars be electric?
  • Is nuclear energy safe?
  • Does alien life exist?
  • Could alien life have found Earth?
  • Should humans try to colonize Mars?

Professional sports hold a lot of potential to create controversy. Hardly a week goes by without some major sports issue making the news. Whether it’s deflated footballs, kneeling during the anthem, or equal pay for male and female athletes, sports topics usually carry an emotional charge as most people have a strong opinion one way or the other .

  • Should performance-enhancing drugs be allowed in sports?
  • Are professional athletes paid too much?
  • Are professional athletes good role models?
  • Should college athletes be paid beyond scholarships?
  • Should college athletes be tested for drugs?
  • Is dance a real sport?
  • Is video gaming a real sport?
  • Is bodybuilding a real sport?
  • Is cheerleading a real sport?
  • Should mixed martial arts be banned?
  • Should women compete against men in sports?
  • Should female athletes be paid the same as male athletes?
  • Should transgender athletes who used to be male compete in women’s sports?
  • Do the Olympics do more harm than good for the cities hosting them?
  • Are professional sports too damaging to athletes’ health?
  • Is American football too dangerous for athletes?
  • Should athletes who kneel for the anthem be sanctioned?

Sharing a meal with others unites us, but our opinions on food often divide us. Why is one part of the world starving, while another struggles with obesity? Is famine a result of a shortage or a distribution problem? Questions about food are important for humanity, which makes them compelling topics for discussion.

  • Are genetically modified foods dangerous?
  • Should genetically modified foods be labeled?
  • Is organic food better than regular food?
  • Is fast food responsible for obesity?
  • Is food waste unavoidable?
  • Is organic farming sustainable?
  • Is factory farming unsustainable?
  • Is grass-fed beef better than corn-fed beef?
  • Is palm oil production causing deforestation?
  • Can biotech foods save us from hunger?
  • Should butter be stored in the fridge?

Nutrition is one of the most controversial scientific fields – dietary guidelines seem to be changing by the day. Is it OK to eat more than two eggs a day? Are carbs more unhealthy than fats? Issues like that are notoriously hard to resolve as even a carefully designed scientific study struggles to untangle the many factors that go into human health.

  • Should we have nutrition classes in schools?
  • Can a vegan diet help the environment?
  • Is it healthier to be vegetarian?
  • Is an all-meat diet healthy?
  • Is dieting ever effective?
  • Does fasting help or harm the body?
  • Are gluten-free diets overhyped?
  • Should we ban trans fat?
  • Is sugar addictive?
  • Are artificial sweeteners unhealthy?

Bring up the practice of eating dog meat in some countries to a dog lover, and you’ll more than likely evoke a very strong reaction. But how is it different from eating other social and intelligent mammals, such as pigs? There are many unresolved animal issues that can make for a captivating paper or presentation.

  • Should animals have the same rights as humans?
  • Should animals be considered individuals?
  • Do animals have emotions?
  • Do animals have consciousness?
  • Is animal testing ethical?
  • Should the fur industry be restricted?
  • Are zoos helping or hurting animals?
  • Should there be animals in circuses?
  • Should we try to reverse extinction?
  • Are humans destroying animal habitats?
  • Is selective dog breeding unethical?
  • Should bullfighting be banned?
  • Should whaling be banned?

Many argue that psychology as a science is still in its infancy. There’s no consensus on a lot of the big questions related to people’s minds. Is there even a way to know what’s happening inside someone else’s head besides our own? A behaviorist would insist there isn’t.

  • Is psychology a real science?
  • Is depression a real disease?
  • Are antidepressants effective?
  • Is ADHD a real mental disorder?
  • Is drug abuse a mental health issue?
  • Is mental illness equivalent to physical illness?
  • Should psychologists be allowed to prescribe drugs?
  • Is prejudice against different people inherent?
  • Is it ethical to “treat” homosexuality?
  • Are social media sites addictive?
  • Is social media connecting us or making us more isolated?
  • Is pornography harmful to the psyche?
  • Do video games cause violence?
  • Is intelligence inherited?

Being in a romantic relationship involves constantly negotiating and renegotiating issues ranging from the most mundane to the most profound. On top of that, most adults are or have been part of a couple, making this a relatable and attention-grabbing subject.

  • Is monogamy natural?
  • Does divorce harm children?
  • Should dating between co-workers be allowed?
  • Should people date people much older than themselves?
  • Is romantic love a prerequisite to marital satisfaction?
  • Should arguments in a couple be avoided or encouraged?
  • Should men and women have different functions in a relationship?
  • Is it OK to keep secrets from your partner?
  • Are long-distance relationships worth it?
  • Is sex before marriage wrong?
  • Is online dating good or bad?
  • Are homosexual relationships natural?
  • Should same-sex marriage be banned?
  • Should LGBTQ people be allowed to adopt children?

Health is arguably the most important thing for a person. So it’s no surprise that we take issues related to health and medicine very seriously. Is there any point in prolonging a dying patient’s pain through life support? Questions like this are hard to give a definitive answer to, making them potent discussion topics.

  • Are vaccines safe?
  • Is Covid-19 manmade?
  • Should immunization be mandatory?
  • Should euthanasia be allowed?
  • Is alternative medicine any good?
  • Should healthcare be free?
  • Is obesity a disease?
  • Is circumcision healthy?
  • Is stem cell research ethical?
  • How harshly should medical malpractice be punished?
  • Should Big Pharma be banned from charging too much for life-saving drugs?
  • Should prescription drug manufacturers be held responsible for the opioid crisis?
  • Should cannabis be prescribed as medicine?
  • Should surrogate pregnancy be allowed?
  • Should we use gene-editing in humans?
  • Should the sale of human organs be allowed?
  • Should genetic screening of embryos be legal?

If nurses are essential workers, why do they get paid so little? To get to the bottom of this, we need to go beyond the nursing profession and take a hard look at society as a whole. Besides, just like doctors, nurses face ethical dilemmas in their work every day, which creates a lot of room for debate.

  • Are nurses compensated fairly?
  • Should nurses’ shifts be shortened?
  • Should nurses be allowed to prescribe drugs?
  • Is the nursing profession better suited for women?
  • Should nurses use artificial hydration and nutrition?
  • Should nurses treat non-compliant patients?

Biology deals with nothing less than life itself! And what’s a more fascinating question than the origin of life? Although we seem to be far from deciphering this mystery, there are many other issues that both scientists and laypeople have good reason to debate.

  • Is evolution up for debate?
  • Did life emerge out of inorganic matter?
  • Is there a viable alternative to the theory of evolution?
  • How significant are the physiological differences between men and women?
  • Is behavior determined by our genes or by our upbringing?
  • Are there more than two genders?

If you’re a classical music lover, you’ll very likely scoff at the assertion that rock ‘n’ roll is the best musical genre. But who’s to say? Maybe someone will argue that there are objective measures of the quality of music. As with any issue that’s close to many people’s hearts, music can be an excellent topic for discussion.

  • Is music getting worse over time?
  • Is the pursuit of profit ruining music?
  • Do music streaming services such as Spotify help or harm musical artists?
  • Are violent or explicit lyrics harmful to society?
  • Are rock stars a bad influence on children?
  • Are The Beatles overrated?

Do you think Banksy will go down in history as one of the great artists, or do you see his works as cheap stunts? Either way, you’ll probably agree that art has changed almost beyond recognition since the time of Rembrandt. Whether that’s a good or bad thing is just one topic worth exploring.

  • Is the value of art subjective?
  • Should explicit art be censored?
  • Who decides what constitutes art?
  • Should an art piece always carry a message?
  • Is contemporary art as good as classical art?
  • Should any topic be out of bounds for art?

Hardly anyone would disagree that we should learn from history to avoid making the same mistake twice. But what exactly are history’s lessons is up for debate, and so make for great discussion topics.

  • Are the two World Wars responsible for the relative state of peace since?
  • Should the US pay reparations to African Americans because of slavery?
  • Should Confederate statues in the US be taken down?
  • Was Christopher Columbus a hero or a villain?
  • Was the French Revolution inevitable?
  • Is history always written by the victors?
  • Is history bound to be repeated?

Are cats better pets than dogs? Does pineapple belong on a pizza? These are the kind of age-old debates we look into in our Funny Controversial Topics page.

Top 5 Extraordinary Motivational Speakers

130 Awesome Speech Topics for Kids

7 thoughts on “205 Controversial Topics for your Essay, Speech, or Debate”

Which is better, Chicago pizza or New York pizza?

Hey Nicole, just to answer your question personally I think Chicago pizza is too thick and I would choose New York pizza any day.

In my opinion Chicago pizza is clearly superior, and its thickness is one of its best attributes.

In my opinion New York pizza is clearly superior, and its thinness is one of its best attributes.

I second Chicago pizza lover’s statement, I think that Chicagos pizzas are much better!

In my very Italian opinion, true real pizza is Made in Italy only – the best. Cheers x 🙂

The Meaning of Evangelion.

Leave a Comment

I accept the Privacy Policy

Reach out to us for sponsorship opportunities

Vivamus integer non suscipit taciti mus etiam at primis tempor sagittis euismod libero facilisi.

© 2024 My Speech Class

Writing Universe - logo

  • Environment
  • Information Science
  • Social Issues
  • Argumentative
  • Cause and Effect
  • Classification
  • Compare and Contrast
  • Descriptive
  • Exemplification
  • Informative
  • Controversial
  • Exploratory
  • What Is an Essay
  • Length of an Essay
  • Generate Ideas
  • Types of Essays
  • Structuring an Essay
  • Outline For Essay
  • Essay Introduction
  • Thesis Statement
  • Body of an Essay
  • Writing a Conclusion
  • Essay Writing Tips
  • Drafting an Essay
  • Revision Process
  • Fix a Broken Essay
  • Format of an Essay
  • Essay Examples
  • Essay Checklist
  • Essay Writing Service
  • Pay for Research Paper
  • Write My Research Paper
  • Write My Essay
  • Custom Essay Writing Service
  • Admission Essay Writing Service
  • Pay for Essay
  • Academic Ghostwriting
  • Write My Book Report
  • Case Study Writing Service
  • Dissertation Writing Service
  • Coursework Writing Service
  • Lab Report Writing Service
  • Do My Assignment
  • Buy College Papers
  • Capstone Project Writing Service
  • Buy Research Paper
  • Custom Essays for Sale

Can’t find a perfect paper?

  • Essay Topics

100 Engaging Controversial Essay Topics

When students are asked to write an argumentative paper, they start with looking for controversial argumentative essay topics. It’s a good decision: if you succeed in finding something great to write about, you stand more chances at getting a satisfying grade. But despite knowing this, making a choice is not easy. For one thing, you should have a clear idea of what a controversial essay even is. It is a genre of writing where you present an opinion others could dispute and prove its validity as well as accuracy. In other words, you pick a subject that causes arguments among society members, voice your point of view, and work hard to prove it by relying on scientific evidence.

In the long run, you’ll benefit from completing a fair number of similar essays: you’ll understand what it takes to participate in debates and how to defend your position. The choice of topic is tough since while there are many potentially interesting things to discuss, only some of them will be to your liking, and even fewer will be something you understand well enough to argue about. We’ll be glad to show you how to approach the choosing process and how to settle on the best theme possible.

How to Pick Controversial Argumentative Essay Topics for College

At times, students are given a list from which they should pick their essay topics. This is a frustrating experience since they don’t get a right to really choose the topic they like. But fortunately, it doesn’t happen often, so if you are studying at college, you can expect to be given a free reign. Four tips below will show you how to go about picking an essay topic for a controversial paper.

  • Go through things you find engaging.  Good controversial topics for essays are the ones that evoke some intense feelings in you. They could be positive or negative, but in any way, they should be something that makes you want to speak up. Recall the arguments you had online or with your friends and family recently. Maybe you saw something in the news and got angry? Did you read an article that got you passionate about the discussed topic? It could be anything, so think carefully.
  • Play a choosing game.  If you have some essay ideas in mind but cannot settle on any of them, try a choosing game. This could also work in case you haven’t decided on anything at all yet. Pick a place, sit there, and note down everything you see or hear. Assign numbers to these things, and then ask a friend to choose one. Such an approach is fun, and it’s an easy way to arrive at a decision regarding your topic.
  • Check sources.  When preparing for essay tasks, your first question should be, what are some controversial topics to write about? The second question should concern sources. Whatever subject you selected, it should be supported by credible resources that are peer-reviewed and have a DOI. Having an opposing position could be great, but if you are the only person who shares it, it’ll create some difficulties. Academic essays should be supported with some evidence, so your analysis cannot be performed merely based on your opinions. If you cannot locate trustworthy sources, better choose another topic.
  • Discuss with the supervisor.  Once you made a decision, consult with your professor. They could give you valuable advice or warn you against some topics. If you are moving in the wrong direction, they will let you know in advance so that you wouldn’t waste your time for no reason.

100 Top Controversial Topics to Write About

There are many classical ways of choosing between topics on debatable issues, but with the evolution of the Internet, things have become much easier. You can search for online lists with suggestions, and they’ll give you the inspiration you need. We prepared this kind of list just below. There are ten popular topic categories there, with ten diverse themes in each. Take whichever you like best!

Controversial Essay Ideas on Education

Here are some traditional controversial argument topics related to education. All students will likely find them relatable!

  • Education Gained in the US Has Lost Its Prestige
  • The Importance of Doing Homework Diligently Is Overestimated
  • Education Has become Redundant Today Because You Can Find a Job Anyway
  • Governments & Universities Should Pay Full Tuition For All Their Students
  • Physical Punishments for Children and Animals Should Be Made a Crime
  • Minors Should Have the Right for Purchasing Condoms
  • Children Should Be Taught About Different Kinds of Sexuality From Early Age
  • Parents Should Never Supervise Their Children’s Online Actions
  • No Student Should Ever Be Expelled From Educational Establishments
  • Competitions Among Students Encourage Hurt and Feeling of Inadequacy

Controversial Essay Prompts on Technology

Technological progress has changed our lives to a profound extent. These controversial persuasive essay topics reflect this.

  • iPhone Is an Uncomfortable and Highly Overrated Phone
  • Cloning Must Be Provided for Acceptable Prices to Grieving Families
  • Drones Could Be Used for Turning Wars into Soldier-less Fights
  • Wi-Fi Has Many Serious Drawbacks & Should Be Used with Care
  • Youth Depend on Technology Too Much & Become Helpless in the Process
  • No One Should Be Punished for Saying Anything Online
  • GPS Poses Serious Threats to Privacy & Safety
  • Most Surveillance Cameras Should Have Better Level of Quality
  • Internet Helped Queer Community Meet New People
  • Cancer Rates Have Increased Due to Technological Developments

Controversial Topics for Philosophy Essay

Philosophy is a dreamy but also precise science, so you could find some good controversial topics to write about here.

  • Some Universal Truths Are Actually Falsehoods
  • We Underestimate Philosophy Because We’re Scared of Its Truth
  • Existentialism Is Caused By Flawed Social Expectations
  • Feminism Has Turned Into a Movement of Violence & Bigotry
  • Some Problems Do Not Have Any Resolution
  • Not All Mysteries Should Be Solved by Humans
  • Every Person Should Be Allowed to Rebel Against Government
  • Being Loved Is More Important Than Loving
  • Emotions Could Be Hindrance to Having Successful Life
  • Animals Do Not Differ From Human Beings In Any Relevant Aspects

Controversial Essays Ideas About Environment

Environment is a sphere that always fuels fierce debates. There is a big number of great controversial arguments topics here.

  • Humans Should Be Forbidden to Eat Animals
  • Recycling Must Be an Obligatory Part Of Every Person’s Life
  • No Country Could Be Allowed to Have Nuclear Weapon
  • People Who Actively Work to Protect Environment Should Receive Money For It
  • Companies Who Break Environmental Laws Should Be Stopped from Operating
  • Current Air Quality in Big Cities Is Unacceptably Bad & This Issue Must Be Resolved
  • Alternative Fuels In Their Current State Are Not Effective
  • Deserts Should Be Forcefully Turned Green Areas
  • Global Warming Is More Dangerous Than We Believe
  • Preventing Pollution Under Current Conditions Is Not Realistic

Science, Biology, and Health Topics

When writing controversial topics essay, these days, scientific and medical spheres are definitely among the most popular ones.

  • Assisted Suicide Must Be Officially Permitted in All Countries
  • Deadliness of COVID Is Overstated
  • Food Created With Science Is More Useful Than Natural Food
  • Some Illnesses Will Never Be Cured
  • People Producing & Selling Alcoholic Beverages Must Be Imprisoned
  • Biology Should Be Taught in All Schools From the First Year
  • Eugenics Should Not Exist for Perfecting People
  • GMO Is Not As Dangerous as We’re Led to Believe
  • Fish Can Feel Emotional Attachment to Their Owners
  • Science Is Not as Precise as We Think

Religious environment is relevant for many people, so it has plenty of controversial argumentative essay ideas.

  • The Fact of Life Existing After Death Could Be Proven Scientifically
  • Idea of Humans Evolving From Animals Is Not Sustainable
  • Religion Kills More People Than It Saves
  • Bible Has Been Written by Multiple Individuals
  • People Should Be Allowed to Pray to Whichever God They Believe In
  • Religion Is Not Based on Science
  • Faith Is the Most Important Part of Life
  • Violence Promoted by Religions Should Partly Discredit Them
  • Words of Prayers Do Not Matter: Only Feelings Behind Them Do
  • Stereotypes About Religions Unleash Violence Among People

Suffer from writer’s block?

Your unique essay is just a few clicks away!

Controversial Essays Topics for Law and Politics

Controversial writing topics about justice and politics never end, considering how passionate everyone feels about them. Everyone wants the best for their country, so why not explore ways of achieving this in an essay?

  • Death Penalty In Its Present Form Is Useless
  • Death Penalty Is a Useful Method of Fight Against Human Monsters
  • Multiculturalism Fuels Tolerance in the Society
  • American Women Have Equal Opportunities with Men
  • Electronic Voting Is Ineffective: Too Much Cheating
  • Gun Control Is Not as Relevant as It Is Presented
  • Free Journalism No Longer Exists
  • Racist Allegations Are Often Exaggerated
  • Hate Crimes Should Automatically Receive Death Penalty
  • Presidents Who Allow Wars to Break Out Must Be Removed from Power

Current Events

The world is constantly undergoing changes, so unique controversial essay topics about it are in perpetual supply.

  • Amount of Taxes People Pay Does Not Correspond to Benefits They Get
  • Concept of Fashion Is Invented Solely by People
  • Trump Should Have Never Been a President in US
  • Trump Brought Positive Changes to Some Parts of the World
  • World Has Become Too Demanding & Unfair to Still Live in It
  • Mental Health Therapy Should Receive Additional Funding Due to COVID Impacts
  • Quarantine Measures Should Be the Same in All Parts of the World
  • People Should Be More Caring In These Difficult Times
  • Food Should Be Made Free During COVID
  • Rich & Poor People Should Be Treated in Equal Conditions

Prompts on Entertainment

How about some fun and easy controversial topics about things that work as distractions from everyday worries?

  • Violent Games Do Not Affect People Playing Them Negatively
  • Modern Ads Could Be a Form of Art
  • Fiction Is the Best Way to Distract Yourself From Troubles
  • Media Should Be Regulated More Strictly
  • Having Fun Is Essential for Mental Health
  • Modern Entertainments Are Dangerous & Should Be Modified
  • Nobody Falls In Love at the First Sight
  • Entertainment Is Not to Blame For People Becoming Addicted
  • Reality Shows Create Impossible Expectations
  • Home Alone Is Still an Excellent Movie

Controversial Essay Ideas For College Students

College essays are more complex than those in high school, but they are also easier than those at universities. If you are a college student, take a look at these good controversial essay topics.

  • Teenagers Should Be Allowed to Work Whenever They Want
  • Teens Should Not Be the Ones Paying for Their Education
  • College Students Do Not Need Cars Because They Are Not Prepared to Drive Them
  • Internet Addiction Is a Myth in Most Cases
  • Students Should Not Expect That They Will Find Love in College
  • Gender Expectations Among Students Are Not Equal
  • Serving the Military Is Romanticized to a Dangerous Degree
  • Sororities and Fraternities Must Be Forbidden in the US
  • Polygamy Is Vastly Misunderstood in Modern Society
  • Love is Portrayed in Harmful Ways in Fiction

Controversial Essay Topic Ideas to Transform Your Writing

As you can see, topics are vital. You should pay extra attention when choosing them because your final success depends on it. Take your time and think carefully. In case nothing comes to your mind right away, try utilizing the tips we offered above. Still, we understand that writing is a tricky process that could be frustratingly difficult. If you have any questions, contact our support team via our website. They’ll be happy to help you with your problems! Whether you’d like us to guide you or write an essay in its entirety, we can do that. Drop a message and tell us what needs to be done. Your unique controversial essay on an original topic will be delivered on time.

Can’t come up with a topic for you paper? We’ve prepared a collection of essay topics for you

Want to write a winning essay but lack experience? Browse our free essay samples

Related Topics

Related essays to controversial essays.

Words: 1273

Words: 1479

Words: 1108

Words: 3622

Got to the bottom and still stuck with essay ideas?

Select a Research Topic: Current Events and Controversial Issues

  • Finding a Research Topic
  • Current Events and Controversial Issues
  • Computer Science
  • Earth Science & Astronomy
  • Engineering
  • Health Sciences
  • Mathematics & Physics
  • Physical Therapy
  • Political Science
  • Social Work
  • Research Topic Guides

Food for Thought

When writing on controversial issues, exercise caution when considering a topic that has the potential to be overdone.  Issues such as gun control, abortion, corporal punishment, etc. have been written about so much for so long that it may be difficult to find something new to add to the conversation. Here are a few databases that have extensive browse for topic features:


  • Why search here? The place to go to prepare for a debate, discussion, research paper, or persuasive writing assignment.
  • What's included? Explores more than 800 hot topics in business, politics, government, education, and popular culture..

Opposing Viewpoints in Context

  • Why search here? This database centers on the key social issues of our time.
  • What's included? Opposing Viewpoints is a rich resource for debaters and includes viewpoints, reference articles, infographics, news, images, video, audio, and more.
  • Why search here? Contains resources that present multiple sides of an issue.
  • What's included? Points of View Reference Center contains many topics, each with an overview (objective background/description), point (argument) and counterpoint (opposing argument). For each topic, this database also offers a Guide to Critical Analysis, which helps the reader evaluate the controversial topics.

Controversial Issues

  • Abstinence only education
  • Affirmative Action
  • Alternative medicine
  • America's global influence
  • Animal Testing
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Assisted suicide
  • Bilingual education
  • Book banning
  • Capital punishment
  • Charter schools
  • Childhood obesity
  • Civil rights
  • Climate change
  • Concealed weapons
  • Cryptocurrency
  • Cyber bullying 
  • Death penalty
  • Drug legalization
  • Eating disorders
  • Energy crisis
  • Ethnic Adoption
  • Factory farming
  • Foreign aid
  • Freedom of speech
  • Genetic Cloning
  • Genetic engineering
  • Hacking 
  • Health insurance
  • Human Trafficking
  • Identity theft
  • Immigration
  • Labor unions
  • Local food movement
  • Mandatory National Service
  • Minimum wage
  • Nuclear energy
  • Organic food
  • Offshore drilling
  • Outsourcing
  • Plastic Surgery
  • Racial profiling
  • Recreational Marijuana
  • Roe v. Wade
  • School safety
  • School uniforms
  • Second Amendment
  • Self-defense laws
  • Self-driving cars
  • Sex education
  • Social security
  • Standardized testing
  • Student Loan Debt
  • Urban agriculture
  • Violence in the media
  • Women's rights
  • Zero tolerance policies

Current Events

  • 2020 Census
  • Affordable Care Act
  • Afghanistan crisis 
  • Arming teachers
  • Black Lives Matter
  • Brazil political crisis
  • Confederate memorials
  • COVID-19 vaccines & mandates
  • Cybersecurity
  • Electoral College
  • Equal Rights Amendment
  • Federal interest rates
  • Filibuster 
  • Gender nutral restrooms
  • Gerrymandering
  • Government shut down
  • Hate speech
  • Hydraulic fracturing (fracking)
  • Impeachment
  • Internet privacy
  • Iran nuclear deal
  • Islamophobia
  • Lethal Injections
  • Marijuana legalization
  • Mass incarceration
  • Mass shooting
  • Medical Devices
  • Me Too movement
  • Migrant crisis
  • Mueller Report
  • Net neutrality
  • North Dakota Access Pipeline
  • North Korea
  • Paris Climate Agreement
  • Planned Parenthood
  • Poverty gap
  • Prescription drug addiction
  • Racism in America
  • Refugee crisis
  • Russian hacking
  • Sanctuary city
  • School violence
  • Sexual assault on campus
  • Supreme Court Justice oversight
  • Syrian civil war
  • Transgender rights
  • Trump, Donald
  • UK leaving EU (Brexit)
  • Vaccination
  • Voter fraud
  • Voting laws
  • Warehouse Working Conditions (Amazon, UPS, Walmart)
  • White nationalism
  • << Previous: Finding a Research Topic
  • Next: Art >>
  • Last Updated: Jun 13, 2023 11:38 AM
  • URL: https://southern.libguides.com/researchtopics


  • JCTC Learning Commons
  • Learning Guides
  • Writing and Research Process

Controversial Issues

  • Choosing a Topic
  • Getting Started

Selecting a Topic

Books on essay writing.

  • Generating Search Terms
  • Background Information (Reference)
  • Finding Books
  • Finding eBooks
  • Finding Articles
  • Finding Videos
  • Choosing Websites
  • Citing Sources

Get in Touch

Ask a Librarian

Available Mon - Thurs 10am - 5pm

Phone icon

Try Our FAQs

Learning Commons Quick Links

what is a good controversial topic for a research paper

Tutoring - Writing, math and more

Learning Guides - Quick learning

Hours - Find out when we're open

Library Search - Find materials

Databases - Articles and more!

InterLibrary Loan - Request books

Books - Recommended books

eBooks - Thousands of free eBooks

Streaming Video - Learn by watching

Use the Library Search to find books, eBooks, articles, and more! 

You can find Learning Commons information, book recommendations and so much more on JCTC's social media. 

facebook icon

Here are some basic tips for selecting a topic for any research paper. 

Choose: a topic that interests you. You're more likely to enjoy the research process, if you like the topic. 

Make sure: that your topic is not so broad that you are overwhelmed with information.

Make sure: that your topic is not so narrow that you can't find enough information.

Limit: your topic to a time period if necessary. For example, 2, 5 or 10 years.

Limit: your topic to a geographical area if necessary. For example, the United States or Kentucky or Louisville.

Consider: how much information you need. For example, your professor may require 3 scholarly articles, 1 book, and 1 newspaper article . It's best to know what you need before you even start looking.

Start: your research early to eliminate stress and anxiety.

Stumped about what to write about? Here are a couple places to get ideas. A librarian or writing instructor can help you narrow a topic that is too broad.

Credo Reference allows access to hundreds of reference books, including encyclopedias, dictionaries, subject-specific texts, and many more. The Mind Map feature helps draw connections between different aspects of a topic.

This database is useful for locating background and general information in almost all subject areas to help you better understand your topic.


Gale in Context: Opposing Viewpoints can be used to search articles, videos, charts, images, and infographics. It includes topical overviews, news, and opinions on hundreds of important social issues.

Use this database to discover and choose research paper topics, and find in-depth articles for research assignments for any class.

One helpful note on Gale in Context: Opposing Viewpoints is that i f you click on the "Browse Issues" tab right beneath the light bulb icon, you will find a list of topics.

what is a good controversial topic for a research paper

  • << Previous: Getting Started
  • Next: Generating Search Terms >>
  • Last Updated: Nov 30, 2023 9:22 AM
  • URL: https://jefferson.kctcs.libguides.com/controversial


Research Paper Topics : Controversial Topics

  • Controversial Topics

Books that help with Topic Selection

In order to assist students with the selection of research topics, the Rio Hondo College Librarians have developed this guide.

Controversial Topic Ideas

Abortion, Moral and Ethical Aspects Abstinence and AIDS Prevention



Advertising in Schools

Agriculture Industry --

Alcohol and Tobacco Advertising  

Alcohol Use

Alternative Energy Sources

American Housing Collapse


Animal Cloning  

Animal Experimentation Anonymous  Egg and Sperm Donation

Anti-Immigrant Movement

Arms Trade 

Artificial Intelligence   Assisted Suicide

Bilingual Education 

Binge Drinking


Biomedical Technology


Body Image  

Border Fence

Campaign Finance Reform


Carbon Offsetting 

Cell Phones in School Censorship 

Charter Schools

Child Welfare  Children's Online Protection Laws 

Clean Coal  

Cloning    Commercial Whaling

Concealed Handguns 

Conservation of Natural Resources Convicted Felons' Rights

Corporate Tax Rate & Jobs  

Domestic Terrorism 

Domestic Violence

Drug Legalization

Drug Trafficking

Drug Use in Sports

Drunk Driving 

Eating Disorders

Electoral College

Endangered Food

Endangered Species


Felon Voting 

Flat Tax Rate Food Safety

Freedom of Speech


Gay Parents

Genetic Engineering  Genetically Modified Food



Gun Control 

Hate Crimes

Health Insurance




Human Rights

Human Trafficking

Identity Theft

Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Labor Unions

Local Food Movement Mental Disorders

Minimum Wage

Missile Defense System

National Retail Sales Tax

National Security

Nuclear Safety

Nutrition  Obamacare  

Occupy Movement

Offshore Drilling  Organic Food


Political Corruption

Population Growth

Prescription Drugs

Prison Overcrowding Recycling 

Renewable Energy

Reproductive Technology

Right to Privacy

Right to Health Care

Same-Sex Marriage


Smoking Ban

Social Security Privatization

Socializing Online

Standardized Testing

Stem Cells 

Student Rights

Sweatshops Tablets vs. Textbooks  Technology and Society  

Teenage Pregnancy

Texting While Driving

The Federal Budget Deficit

The Middle Class

The Tea Party Movement


Underage Drinking


Video Games

Water Pollution


Welfare Reform

  • << Previous: Z Topics
  • Last Updated: Jul 28, 2022 9:11 AM
  • URL: https://libguides.riohondo.edu/ResearchPaperTopics

Start your research

Picking a good topic, step 1: choose a topic.

The first step in doing research is choosing a good topic. A good research topic should be focused and clear and not something that can be answered by a Google search.

For example, instead of asking "Why is social media harmful?" you could ask, "How is interacting with social media, like TikTok and Twitter, impacting the mental health of college students?"

In choosing a research topic, you should pick something that you are interested in and something that fits the assignment you are doing.

Something else here than explains the stuff.

Watch: Choosing a research topic

Choosing a research paper topic tutorial video. 4 minutes.

  • Find ideas and language on a topic using online tools and techniques
  • Use techniques like mind mapping, the 5W’s, and freeform writing to narrow a large topic
  • Tutorial: Choosing a research paper topic
  • << Previous: Home
  • Next: Searching Effectively >>

what is a good controversial topic for a research paper

Cultural Relativity and Acceptance of Embryonic Stem Cell Research

Article sidebar.

what is a good controversial topic for a research paper

Main Article Content

There is a debate about the ethical implications of using human embryos in stem cell research, which can be influenced by cultural, moral, and social values. This paper argues for an adaptable framework to accommodate diverse cultural and religious perspectives. By using an adaptive ethics model, research protections can reflect various populations and foster growth in stem cell research possibilities.


Stem cell research combines biology, medicine, and technology, promising to alter health care and the understanding of human development. Yet, ethical contention exists because of individuals’ perceptions of using human embryos based on their various cultural, moral, and social values. While these disagreements concerning policy, use, and general acceptance have prompted the development of an international ethics policy, such a uniform approach can overlook the nuanced ethical landscapes between cultures. With diverse viewpoints in public health, a single global policy, especially one reflecting Western ethics or the ethics prevalent in high-income countries, is impractical. This paper argues for a culturally sensitive, adaptable framework for the use of embryonic stem cells. Stem cell policy should accommodate varying ethical viewpoints and promote an effective global dialogue. With an extension of an ethics model that can adapt to various cultures, we recommend localized guidelines that reflect the moral views of the people those guidelines serve.

Stem cells, characterized by their unique ability to differentiate into various cell types, enable the repair or replacement of damaged tissues. Two primary types of stem cells are somatic stem cells (adult stem cells) and embryonic stem cells. Adult stem cells exist in developed tissues and maintain the body’s repair processes. [1] Embryonic stem cells (ESC) are remarkably pluripotent or versatile, making them valuable in research. [2] However, the use of ESCs has sparked ethics debates. Considering the potential of embryonic stem cells, research guidelines are essential. The International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR) provides international stem cell research guidelines. They call for “public conversations touching on the scientific significance as well as the societal and ethical issues raised by ESC research.” [3] The ISSCR also publishes updates about culturing human embryos 14 days post fertilization, suggesting local policies and regulations should continue to evolve as ESC research develops. [4]  Like the ISSCR, which calls for local law and policy to adapt to developing stem cell research given cultural acceptance, this paper highlights the importance of local social factors such as religion and culture.

I.     Global Cultural Perspective of Embryonic Stem Cells

Views on ESCs vary throughout the world. Some countries readily embrace stem cell research and therapies, while others have stricter regulations due to ethical concerns surrounding embryonic stem cells and when an embryo becomes entitled to moral consideration. The philosophical issue of when the “someone” begins to be a human after fertilization, in the morally relevant sense, [5] impacts when an embryo becomes not just worthy of protection but morally entitled to it. The process of creating embryonic stem cell lines involves the destruction of the embryos for research. [6] Consequently, global engagement in ESC research depends on social-cultural acceptability.

a.     US and Rights-Based Cultures

In the United States, attitudes toward stem cell therapies are diverse. The ethics and social approaches, which value individualism, [7] trigger debates regarding the destruction of human embryos, creating a complex regulatory environment. For example, the 1996 Dickey-Wicker Amendment prohibited federal funding for the creation of embryos for research and the destruction of embryos for “more than allowed for research on fetuses in utero.” [8] Following suit, in 2001, the Bush Administration heavily restricted stem cell lines for research. However, the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act of 2005 was proposed to help develop ESC research but was ultimately vetoed. [9] Under the Obama administration, in 2009, an executive order lifted restrictions allowing for more development in this field. [10] The flux of research capacity and funding parallels the different cultural perceptions of human dignity of the embryo and how it is socially presented within the country’s research culture. [11]

b.     Ubuntu and Collective Cultures

African bioethics differs from Western individualism because of the different traditions and values. African traditions, as described by individuals from South Africa and supported by some studies in other African countries, including Ghana and Kenya, follow the African moral philosophies of Ubuntu or Botho and Ukama , which “advocates for a form of wholeness that comes through one’s relationship and connectedness with other people in the society,” [12] making autonomy a socially collective concept. In this context, for the community to act autonomously, individuals would come together to decide what is best for the collective. Thus, stem cell research would require examining the value of the research to society as a whole and the use of the embryos as a collective societal resource. If society views the source as part of the collective whole, and opposes using stem cells, compromising the cultural values to pursue research may cause social detachment and stunt research growth. [13] Based on local culture and moral philosophy, the permissibility of stem cell research depends on how embryo, stem cell, and cell line therapies relate to the community as a whole . Ubuntu is the expression of humanness, with the person’s identity drawn from the “’I am because we are’” value. [14] The decision in a collectivistic culture becomes one born of cultural context, and individual decisions give deference to others in the society.

Consent differs in cultures where thought and moral philosophy are based on a collective paradigm. So, applying Western bioethical concepts is unrealistic. For one, Africa is a diverse continent with many countries with different belief systems, access to health care, and reliance on traditional or Western medicines. Where traditional medicine is the primary treatment, the “’restrictive focus on biomedically-related bioethics’” [is] problematic in African contexts because it neglects bioethical issues raised by traditional systems.” [15] No single approach applies in all areas or contexts. Rather than evaluating the permissibility of ESC research according to Western concepts such as the four principles approach, different ethics approaches should prevail.

Another consideration is the socio-economic standing of countries. In parts of South Africa, researchers have not focused heavily on contributing to the stem cell discourse, either because it is not considered health care or a health science priority or because resources are unavailable. [16] Each country’s priorities differ given different social, political, and economic factors. In South Africa, for instance, areas such as maternal mortality, non-communicable diseases, telemedicine, and the strength of health systems need improvement and require more focus. [17] Stem cell research could benefit the population, but it also could divert resources from basic medical care. Researchers in South Africa adhere to the National Health Act and Medicines Control Act in South Africa and international guidelines; however, the Act is not strictly enforced, and there is no clear legislation for research conduct or ethical guidelines. [18]

Some parts of Africa condemn stem cell research. For example, 98.2 percent of the Tunisian population is Muslim. [19] Tunisia does not permit stem cell research because of moral conflict with a Fatwa. Religion heavily saturates the regulation and direction of research. [20] Stem cell use became permissible for reproductive purposes only recently, with tight restrictions preventing cells from being used in any research other than procedures concerning ART/IVF.  Their use is conditioned on consent, and available only to married couples. [21] The community's receptiveness to stem cell research depends on including communitarian African ethics.

c.     Asia

Some Asian countries also have a collective model of ethics and decision making. [22] In China, the ethics model promotes a sincere respect for life or human dignity, [23] based on protective medicine. This model, influenced by Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), [24] recognizes Qi as the vital energy delivered via the meridians of the body; it connects illness to body systems, the body’s entire constitution, and the universe for a holistic bond of nature, health, and quality of life. [25] Following a protective ethics model, and traditional customs of wholeness, investment in stem cell research is heavily desired for its applications in regenerative therapies, disease modeling, and protective medicines. In a survey of medical students and healthcare practitioners, 30.8 percent considered stem cell research morally unacceptable while 63.5 percent accepted medical research using human embryonic stem cells. Of these individuals, 89.9 percent supported increased funding for stem cell research. [26] The scientific community might not reflect the overall population. From 1997 to 2019, China spent a total of $576 million (USD) on stem cell research at 8,050 stem cell programs, increased published presence from 0.6 percent to 14.01 percent of total global stem cell publications as of 2014, and made significant strides in cell-based therapies for various medical conditions. [27] However, while China has made substantial investments in stem cell research and achieved notable progress in clinical applications, concerns linger regarding ethical oversight and transparency. [28] For example, the China Biosecurity Law, promoted by the National Health Commission and China Hospital Association, attempted to mitigate risks by introducing an institutional review board (IRB) in the regulatory bodies. 5800 IRBs registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry since 2021. [29] However, issues still need to be addressed in implementing effective IRB review and approval procedures.

The substantial government funding and focus on scientific advancement have sometimes overshadowed considerations of regional cultures, ethnic minorities, and individual perspectives, particularly evident during the one-child policy era. As government policy adapts to promote public stability, such as the change from the one-child to the two-child policy, [30] research ethics should also adapt to ensure respect for the values of its represented peoples.

Japan is also relatively supportive of stem cell research and therapies. Japan has a more transparent regulatory framework, allowing for faster approval of regenerative medicine products, which has led to several advanced clinical trials and therapies. [31] South Korea is also actively engaged in stem cell research and has a history of breakthroughs in cloning and embryonic stem cells. [32] However, the field is controversial, and there are issues of scientific integrity. For example, the Korean FDA fast-tracked products for approval, [33] and in another instance, the oocyte source was unclear and possibly violated ethical standards. [34] Trust is important in research, as it builds collaborative foundations between colleagues, trial participant comfort, open-mindedness for complicated and sensitive discussions, and supports regulatory procedures for stakeholders. There is a need to respect the culture’s interest, engagement, and for research and clinical trials to be transparent and have ethical oversight to promote global research discourse and trust.

d.     Middle East

Countries in the Middle East have varying degrees of acceptance of or restrictions to policies related to using embryonic stem cells due to cultural and religious influences. Saudi Arabia has made significant contributions to stem cell research, and conducts research based on international guidelines for ethical conduct and under strict adherence to guidelines in accordance with Islamic principles. Specifically, the Saudi government and people require ESC research to adhere to Sharia law. In addition to umbilical and placental stem cells, [35] Saudi Arabia permits the use of embryonic stem cells as long as they come from miscarriages, therapeutic abortions permissible by Sharia law, or are left over from in vitro fertilization and donated to research. [36] Laws and ethical guidelines for stem cell research allow the development of research institutions such as the King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, which has a cord blood bank and a stem cell registry with nearly 10,000 donors. [37] Such volume and acceptance are due to the ethical ‘permissibility’ of the donor sources, which do not conflict with religious pillars. However, some researchers err on the side of caution, choosing not to use embryos or fetal tissue as they feel it is unethical to do so. [38]

Jordan has a positive research ethics culture. [39] However, there is a significant issue of lack of trust in researchers, with 45.23 percent (38.66 percent agreeing and 6.57 percent strongly agreeing) of Jordanians holding a low level of trust in researchers, compared to 81.34 percent of Jordanians agreeing that they feel safe to participate in a research trial. [40] Safety testifies to the feeling of confidence that adequate measures are in place to protect participants from harm, whereas trust in researchers could represent the confidence in researchers to act in the participants’ best interests, adhere to ethical guidelines, provide accurate information, and respect participants’ rights and dignity. One method to improve trust would be to address communication issues relevant to ESC. Legislation surrounding stem cell research has adopted specific language, especially concerning clarification “between ‘stem cells’ and ‘embryonic stem cells’” in translation. [41] Furthermore, legislation “mandates the creation of a national committee… laying out specific regulations for stem-cell banking in accordance with international standards.” [42] This broad regulation opens the door for future global engagement and maintains transparency. However, these regulations may also constrain the influence of research direction, pace, and accessibility of research outcomes.

e.     Europe

In the European Union (EU), ethics is also principle-based, but the principles of autonomy, dignity, integrity, and vulnerability are interconnected. [43] As such, the opportunity for cohesion and concessions between individuals’ thoughts and ideals allows for a more adaptable ethics model due to the flexible principles that relate to the human experience The EU has put forth a framework in its Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Dignity of the Human Being allowing member states to take different approaches. Each European state applies these principles to its specific conventions, leading to or reflecting different acceptance levels of stem cell research. [44]

For example, in Germany, Lebenzusammenhang , or the coherence of life, references integrity in the unity of human culture. Namely, the personal sphere “should not be subject to external intervention.” [45]  Stem cell interventions could affect this concept of bodily completeness, leading to heavy restrictions. Under the Grundgesetz, human dignity and the right to life with physical integrity are paramount. [46] The Embryo Protection Act of 1991 made producing cell lines illegal. Cell lines can be imported if approved by the Central Ethics Commission for Stem Cell Research only if they were derived before May 2007. [47] Stem cell research respects the integrity of life for the embryo with heavy specifications and intense oversight. This is vastly different in Finland, where the regulatory bodies find research more permissible in IVF excess, but only up to 14 days after fertilization. [48] Spain’s approach differs still, with a comprehensive regulatory framework. [49] Thus, research regulation can be culture-specific due to variations in applied principles. Diverse cultures call for various approaches to ethical permissibility. [50] Only an adaptive-deliberative model can address the cultural constructions of self and achieve positive, culturally sensitive stem cell research practices. [51]

II.     Religious Perspectives on ESC

Embryonic stem cell sources are the main consideration within religious contexts. While individuals may not regard their own religious texts as authoritative or factual, religion can shape their foundations or perspectives.

The Qur'an states:

“And indeed We created man from a quintessence of clay. Then We placed within him a small quantity of nutfa (sperm to fertilize) in a safe place. Then We have fashioned the nutfa into an ‘alaqa (clinging clot or cell cluster), then We developed the ‘alaqa into mudgha (a lump of flesh), and We made mudgha into bones, and clothed the bones with flesh, then We brought it into being as a new creation. So Blessed is Allah, the Best of Creators.” [52]

Many scholars of Islam estimate the time of soul installment, marked by the angel breathing in the soul to bring the individual into creation, as 120 days from conception. [53] Personhood begins at this point, and the value of life would prohibit research or experimentation that could harm the individual. If the fetus is more than 120 days old, the time ensoulment is interpreted to occur according to Islamic law, abortion is no longer permissible. [54] There are a few opposing opinions about early embryos in Islamic traditions. According to some Islamic theologians, there is no ensoulment of the early embryo, which is the source of stem cells for ESC research. [55]

In Buddhism, the stance on stem cell research is not settled. The main tenets, the prohibition against harming or destroying others (ahimsa) and the pursuit of knowledge (prajña) and compassion (karuna), leave Buddhist scholars and communities divided. [56] Some scholars argue stem cell research is in accordance with the Buddhist tenet of seeking knowledge and ending human suffering. Others feel it violates the principle of not harming others. Finding the balance between these two points relies on the karmic burden of Buddhist morality. In trying to prevent ahimsa towards the embryo, Buddhist scholars suggest that to comply with Buddhist tenets, research cannot be done as the embryo has personhood at the moment of conception and would reincarnate immediately, harming the individual's ability to build their karmic burden. [57] On the other hand, the Bodhisattvas, those considered to be on the path to enlightenment or Nirvana, have given organs and flesh to others to help alleviate grieving and to benefit all. [58] Acceptance varies on applied beliefs and interpretations.

Catholicism does not support embryonic stem cell research, as it entails creation or destruction of human embryos. This destruction conflicts with the belief in the sanctity of life. For example, in the Old Testament, Genesis describes humanity as being created in God’s image and multiplying on the Earth, referencing the sacred rights to human conception and the purpose of development and life. In the Ten Commandments, the tenet that one should not kill has numerous interpretations where killing could mean murder or shedding of the sanctity of life, demonstrating the high value of human personhood. In other books, the theological conception of when life begins is interpreted as in utero, [59] highlighting the inviolability of life and its formation in vivo to make a religious point for accepting such research as relatively limited, if at all. [60] The Vatican has released ethical directives to help apply a theological basis to modern-day conflicts. The Magisterium of the Church states that “unless there is a moral certainty of not causing harm,” experimentation on fetuses, fertilized cells, stem cells, or embryos constitutes a crime. [61] Such procedures would not respect the human person who exists at these stages, according to Catholicism. Damages to the embryo are considered gravely immoral and illicit. [62] Although the Catholic Church officially opposes abortion, surveys demonstrate that many Catholic people hold pro-choice views, whether due to the context of conception, stage of pregnancy, threat to the mother’s life, or for other reasons, demonstrating that practicing members can also accept some but not all tenets. [63]

Some major Jewish denominations, such as the Reform, Conservative, and Reconstructionist movements, are open to supporting ESC use or research as long as it is for saving a life. [64] Within Judaism, the Talmud, or study, gives personhood to the child at birth and emphasizes that life does not begin at conception: [65]

“If she is found pregnant, until the fortieth day it is mere fluid,” [66]

Whereas most religions prioritize the status of human embryos, the Halakah (Jewish religious law) states that to save one life, most other religious laws can be ignored because it is in pursuit of preservation. [67] Stem cell research is accepted due to application of these religious laws.

We recognize that all religions contain subsets and sects. The variety of environmental and cultural differences within religious groups requires further analysis to respect the flexibility of religious thoughts and practices. We make no presumptions that all cultures require notions of autonomy or morality as under the common morality theory , which asserts a set of universal moral norms that all individuals share provides moral reasoning and guides ethical decisions. [68] We only wish to show that the interaction with morality varies between cultures and countries.

III.     A Flexible Ethical Approach

The plurality of different moral approaches described above demonstrates that there can be no universally acceptable uniform law for ESC on a global scale. Instead of developing one standard, flexible ethical applications must be continued. We recommend local guidelines that incorporate important cultural and ethical priorities.

While the Declaration of Helsinki is more relevant to people in clinical trials receiving ESC products, in keeping with the tradition of protections for research subjects, consent of the donor is an ethical requirement for ESC donation in many jurisdictions including the US, Canada, and Europe. [69] The Declaration of Helsinki provides a reference point for regulatory standards and could potentially be used as a universal baseline for obtaining consent prior to gamete or embryo donation.

For instance, in Columbia University’s egg donor program for stem cell research, donors followed standard screening protocols and “underwent counseling sessions that included information as to the purpose of oocyte donation for research, what the oocytes would be used for, the risks and benefits of donation, and process of oocyte stimulation” to ensure transparency for consent. [70] The program helped advance stem cell research and provided clear and safe research methods with paid participants. Though paid participation or covering costs of incidental expenses may not be socially acceptable in every culture or context, [71] and creating embryos for ESC research is illegal in many jurisdictions, Columbia’s program was effective because of the clear and honest communications with donors, IRBs, and related stakeholders.  This example demonstrates that cultural acceptance of scientific research and of the idea that an egg or embryo does not have personhood is likely behind societal acceptance of donating eggs for ESC research. As noted, many countries do not permit the creation of embryos for research.

Proper communication and education regarding the process and purpose of stem cell research may bolster comprehension and garner more acceptance. “Given the sensitive subject material, a complete consent process can support voluntary participation through trust, understanding, and ethical norms from the cultures and morals participants value. This can be hard for researchers entering countries of different socioeconomic stability, with different languages and different societal values. [72]

An adequate moral foundation in medical ethics is derived from the cultural and religious basis that informs knowledge and actions. [73] Understanding local cultural and religious values and their impact on research could help researchers develop humility and promote inclusion.

IV.     Concerns

Some may argue that if researchers all adhere to one ethics standard, protection will be satisfied across all borders, and the global public will trust researchers. However, defining what needs to be protected and how to define such research standards is very specific to the people to which standards are applied. We suggest that applying one uniform guide cannot accurately protect each individual because we all possess our own perceptions and interpretations of social values. [74] Therefore, the issue of not adjusting to the moral pluralism between peoples in applying one standard of ethics can be resolved by building out ethics models that can be adapted to different cultures and religions.

Other concerns include medical tourism, which may promote health inequities. [75] Some countries may develop and approve products derived from ESC research before others, compromising research ethics or drug approval processes. There are also concerns about the sale of unauthorized stem cell treatments, for example, those without FDA approval in the United States. Countries with robust research infrastructures may be tempted to attract medical tourists, and some customers will have false hopes based on aggressive publicity of unproven treatments. [76]

For example, in China, stem cell clinics can market to foreign clients who are not protected under the regulatory regimes. Companies employ a marketing strategy of “ethically friendly” therapies. Specifically, in the case of Beike, China’s leading stem cell tourism company and sprouting network, ethical oversight of administrators or health bureaus at one site has “the unintended consequence of shifting questionable activities to another node in Beike's diffuse network.” [77] In contrast, Jordan is aware of stem cell research’s potential abuse and its own status as a “health-care hub.” Jordan’s expanded regulations include preserving the interests of individuals in clinical trials and banning private companies from ESC research to preserve transparency and the integrity of research practices. [78]

The social priorities of the community are also a concern. The ISSCR explicitly states that guidelines “should be periodically revised to accommodate scientific advances, new challenges, and evolving social priorities.” [79] The adaptable ethics model extends this consideration further by addressing whether research is warranted given the varying degrees of socioeconomic conditions, political stability, and healthcare accessibilities and limitations. An ethical approach would require discussion about resource allocation and appropriate distribution of funds. [80]

While some religions emphasize the sanctity of life from conception, which may lead to public opposition to ESC research, others encourage ESC research due to its potential for healing and alleviating human pain. Many countries have special regulations that balance local views on embryonic personhood, the benefits of research as individual or societal goods, and the protection of human research subjects. To foster understanding and constructive dialogue, global policy frameworks should prioritize the protection of universal human rights, transparency, and informed consent. In addition to these foundational global policies, we recommend tailoring local guidelines to reflect the diverse cultural and religious perspectives of the populations they govern. Ethics models should be adapted to local populations to effectively establish research protections, growth, and possibilities of stem cell research.

For example, in countries with strong beliefs in the moral sanctity of embryos or heavy religious restrictions, an adaptive model can allow for discussion instead of immediate rejection. In countries with limited individual rights and voice in science policy, an adaptive model ensures cultural, moral, and religious views are taken into consideration, thereby building social inclusion. While this ethical consideration by the government may not give a complete voice to every individual, it will help balance policies and maintain the diverse perspectives of those it affects. Embracing an adaptive ethics model of ESC research promotes open-minded dialogue and respect for the importance of human belief and tradition. By actively engaging with cultural and religious values, researchers can better handle disagreements and promote ethical research practices that benefit each society.

This brief exploration of the religious and cultural differences that impact ESC research reveals the nuances of relative ethics and highlights a need for local policymakers to apply a more intense adaptive model.

[1] Poliwoda, S., Noor, N., Downs, E., Schaaf, A., Cantwell, A., Ganti, L., Kaye, A. D., Mosel, L. I., Carroll, C. B., Viswanath, O., & Urits, I. (2022). Stem cells: a comprehensive review of origins and emerging clinical roles in medical practice.  Orthopedic reviews ,  14 (3), 37498. https://doi.org/10.52965/001c.37498

[2] Poliwoda, S., Noor, N., Downs, E., Schaaf, A., Cantwell, A., Ganti, L., Kaye, A. D., Mosel, L. I., Carroll, C. B., Viswanath, O., & Urits, I. (2022). Stem cells: a comprehensive review of origins and emerging clinical roles in medical practice.  Orthopedic reviews ,  14 (3), 37498. https://doi.org/10.52965/001c.37498

[3] International Society for Stem Cell Research. (2023). Laboratory-based human embryonic stem cell research, embryo research, and related research activities . International Society for Stem Cell Research. https://www.isscr.org/guidelines/blog-post-title-one-ed2td-6fcdk ; Kimmelman, J., Hyun, I., Benvenisty, N.  et al.  Policy: Global standards for stem-cell research.  Nature   533 , 311–313 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1038/533311a

[4] International Society for Stem Cell Research. (2023). Laboratory-based human embryonic stem cell research, embryo research, and related research activities . International Society for Stem Cell Research. https://www.isscr.org/guidelines/blog-post-title-one-ed2td-6fcdk

[5] Concerning the moral philosophies of stem cell research, our paper does not posit a personal moral stance nor delve into the “when” of human life begins. To read further about the philosophical debate, consider the following sources:

Sandel M. J. (2004). Embryo ethics--the moral logic of stem-cell research.  The New England journal of medicine ,  351 (3), 207–209. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp048145 ; George, R. P., & Lee, P. (2020, September 26). Acorns and Embryos . The New Atlantis. https://www.thenewatlantis.com/publications/acorns-and-embryos ; Sagan, A., & Singer, P. (2007). The moral status of stem cells. Metaphilosophy , 38 (2/3), 264–284. http://www.jstor.org/stable/24439776 ; McHugh P. R. (2004). Zygote and "clonote"--the ethical use of embryonic stem cells.  The New England journal of medicine ,  351 (3), 209–211. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp048147 ; Kurjak, A., & Tripalo, A. (2004). The facts and doubts about beginning of the human life and personality.  Bosnian journal of basic medical sciences ,  4 (1), 5–14. https://doi.org/10.17305/bjbms.2004.3453

[6] Vazin, T., & Freed, W. J. (2010). Human embryonic stem cells: derivation, culture, and differentiation: a review.  Restorative neurology and neuroscience ,  28 (4), 589–603. https://doi.org/10.3233/RNN-2010-0543

[7] Socially, at its core, the Western approach to ethics is widely principle-based, autonomy being one of the key factors to ensure a fundamental respect for persons within research. For information regarding autonomy in research, see: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, & National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research (1978). The Belmont Report. Ethical principles and guidelines for the protection of human subjects of research.; For a more in-depth review of autonomy within the US, see: Beauchamp, T. L., & Childress, J. F. (1994). Principles of Biomedical Ethics . Oxford University Press.

[8] Sherley v. Sebelius , 644 F.3d 388 (D.C. Cir. 2011), citing 45 C.F.R. 46.204(b) and [42 U.S.C. § 289g(b)]. https://www.cadc.uscourts.gov/internet/opinions.nsf/6c690438a9b43dd685257a64004ebf99/$file/11-5241-1391178.pdf

[9] Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act of 2005, H. R. 810, 109 th Cong. (2001). https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/109/hr810/text ; Bush, G. W. (2006, July 19). Message to the House of Representatives . National Archives and Records Administration. https://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2006/07/20060719-5.html

[10] National Archives and Records Administration. (2009, March 9). Executive order 13505 -- removing barriers to responsible scientific research involving human stem cells . National Archives and Records Administration. https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/removing-barriers-responsible-scientific-research-involving-human-stem-cells

[11] Hurlbut, W. B. (2006). Science, Religion, and the Politics of Stem Cells.  Social Research ,  73 (3), 819–834. http://www.jstor.org/stable/40971854

[12] Akpa-Inyang, Francis & Chima, Sylvester. (2021). South African traditional values and beliefs regarding informed consent and limitations of the principle of respect for autonomy in African communities: a cross-cultural qualitative study. BMC Medical Ethics . 22. 10.1186/s12910-021-00678-4.

[13] Source for further reading: Tangwa G. B. (2007). Moral status of embryonic stem cells: perspective of an African villager. Bioethics , 21(8), 449–457. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8519.2007.00582.x , see also Mnisi, F. M. (2020). An African analysis based on ethics of Ubuntu - are human embryonic stem cell patents morally justifiable? African Insight , 49 (4).

[14] Jecker, N. S., & Atuire, C. (2021). Bioethics in Africa: A contextually enlightened analysis of three cases. Developing World Bioethics , 22 (2), 112–122. https://doi.org/10.1111/dewb.12324

[15] Jecker, N. S., & Atuire, C. (2021). Bioethics in Africa: A contextually enlightened analysis of three cases. Developing World Bioethics, 22(2), 112–122. https://doi.org/10.1111/dewb.12324

[16] Jackson, C.S., Pepper, M.S. Opportunities and barriers to establishing a cell therapy programme in South Africa.  Stem Cell Res Ther   4 , 54 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/scrt204 ; Pew Research Center. (2014, May 1). Public health a major priority in African nations . Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project. https://www.pewresearch.org/global/2014/05/01/public-health-a-major-priority-in-african-nations/

[17] Department of Health Republic of South Africa. (2021). Health Research Priorities (revised) for South Africa 2021-2024 . National Health Research Strategy. https://www.health.gov.za/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/National-Health-Research-Priorities-2021-2024.pdf

[18] Oosthuizen, H. (2013). Legal and Ethical Issues in Stem Cell Research in South Africa. In: Beran, R. (eds) Legal and Forensic Medicine. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-32338-6_80 , see also: Gaobotse G (2018) Stem Cell Research in Africa: Legislation and Challenges. J Regen Med 7:1. doi: 10.4172/2325-9620.1000142

[19] United States Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services. (1998). Tunisia: Information on the status of Christian conversions in Tunisia . UNHCR Web Archive. https://webarchive.archive.unhcr.org/20230522142618/https://www.refworld.org/docid/3df0be9a2.html

[20] Gaobotse, G. (2018) Stem Cell Research in Africa: Legislation and Challenges. J Regen Med 7:1. doi: 10.4172/2325-9620.1000142

[21] Kooli, C. Review of assisted reproduction techniques, laws, and regulations in Muslim countries.  Middle East Fertil Soc J   24 , 8 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s43043-019-0011-0 ; Gaobotse, G. (2018) Stem Cell Research in Africa: Legislation and Challenges. J Regen Med 7:1. doi: 10.4172/2325-9620.1000142

[22] Pang M. C. (1999). Protective truthfulness: the Chinese way of safeguarding patients in informed treatment decisions. Journal of medical ethics , 25(3), 247–253. https://doi.org/10.1136/jme.25.3.247

[23] Wang, L., Wang, F., & Zhang, W. (2021). Bioethics in China’s biosecurity law: Forms, effects, and unsettled issues. Journal of law and the biosciences , 8(1).  https://doi.org/10.1093/jlb/lsab019 https://academic.oup.com/jlb/article/8/1/lsab019/6299199

[24] Wang, Y., Xue, Y., & Guo, H. D. (2022). Intervention effects of traditional Chinese medicine on stem cell therapy of myocardial infarction.  Frontiers in pharmacology ,  13 , 1013740. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2022.1013740

[25] Li, X.-T., & Zhao, J. (2012). Chapter 4: An Approach to the Nature of Qi in TCM- Qi and Bioenergy. In Recent Advances in Theories and Practice of Chinese Medicine (p. 79). InTech.

[26] Luo, D., Xu, Z., Wang, Z., & Ran, W. (2021). China's Stem Cell Research and Knowledge Levels of Medical Practitioners and Students.  Stem cells international ,  2021 , 6667743. https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/6667743

[27] Luo, D., Xu, Z., Wang, Z., & Ran, W. (2021). China's Stem Cell Research and Knowledge Levels of Medical Practitioners and Students.  Stem cells international ,  2021 , 6667743. https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/6667743

[28] Zhang, J. Y. (2017). Lost in translation? accountability and governance of Clinical Stem Cell Research in China. Regenerative Medicine , 12 (6), 647–656. https://doi.org/10.2217/rme-2017-0035

[29] Wang, L., Wang, F., & Zhang, W. (2021). Bioethics in China’s biosecurity law: Forms, effects, and unsettled issues. Journal of law and the biosciences , 8(1).  https://doi.org/10.1093/jlb/lsab019 https://academic.oup.com/jlb/article/8/1/lsab019/6299199

[30] Chen, H., Wei, T., Wang, H.  et al.  Association of China’s two-child policy with changes in number of births and birth defects rate, 2008–2017.  BMC Public Health   22 , 434 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-12839-0

[31] Azuma, K. Regulatory Landscape of Regenerative Medicine in Japan.  Curr Stem Cell Rep   1 , 118–128 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40778-015-0012-6

[32] Harris, R. (2005, May 19). Researchers Report Advance in Stem Cell Production . NPR. https://www.npr.org/2005/05/19/4658967/researchers-report-advance-in-stem-cell-production

[33] Park, S. (2012). South Korea steps up stem-cell work.  Nature . https://doi.org/10.1038/nature.2012.10565

[34] Resnik, D. B., Shamoo, A. E., & Krimsky, S. (2006). Fraudulent human embryonic stem cell research in South Korea: lessons learned.  Accountability in research ,  13 (1), 101–109. https://doi.org/10.1080/08989620600634193 .

[35] Alahmad, G., Aljohani, S., & Najjar, M. F. (2020). Ethical challenges regarding the use of stem cells: interviews with researchers from Saudi Arabia. BMC medical ethics, 21(1), 35. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12910-020-00482-6

[36] Association for the Advancement of Blood and Biotherapies.  https://www.aabb.org/regulatory-and-advocacy/regulatory-affairs/regulatory-for-cellular-therapies/international-competent-authorities/saudi-arabia

[37] Alahmad, G., Aljohani, S., & Najjar, M. F. (2020). Ethical challenges regarding the use of stem cells: Interviews with researchers from Saudi Arabia.  BMC medical ethics ,  21 (1), 35. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12910-020-00482-6

[38] Alahmad, G., Aljohani, S., & Najjar, M. F. (2020). Ethical challenges regarding the use of stem cells: Interviews with researchers from Saudi Arabia. BMC medical ethics , 21(1), 35. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12910-020-00482-6

Culturally, autonomy practices follow a relational autonomy approach based on a paternalistic deontological health care model. The adherence to strict international research policies and religious pillars within the regulatory environment is a great foundation for research ethics. However, there is a need to develop locally targeted ethics approaches for research (as called for in Alahmad, G., Aljohani, S., & Najjar, M. F. (2020). Ethical challenges regarding the use of stem cells: interviews with researchers from Saudi Arabia. BMC medical ethics, 21(1), 35. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12910-020-00482-6), this decision-making approach may help advise a research decision model. For more on the clinical cultural autonomy approaches, see: Alabdullah, Y. Y., Alzaid, E., Alsaad, S., Alamri, T., Alolayan, S. W., Bah, S., & Aljoudi, A. S. (2022). Autonomy and paternalism in Shared decision‐making in a Saudi Arabian tertiary hospital: A cross‐sectional study. Developing World Bioethics , 23 (3), 260–268. https://doi.org/10.1111/dewb.12355 ; Bukhari, A. A. (2017). Universal Principles of Bioethics and Patient Rights in Saudi Arabia (Doctoral dissertation, Duquesne University). https://dsc.duq.edu/etd/124; Ladha, S., Nakshawani, S. A., Alzaidy, A., & Tarab, B. (2023, October 26). Islam and Bioethics: What We All Need to Know . Columbia University School of Professional Studies. https://sps.columbia.edu/events/islam-and-bioethics-what-we-all-need-know

[39] Ababneh, M. A., Al-Azzam, S. I., Alzoubi, K., Rababa’h, A., & Al Demour, S. (2021). Understanding and attitudes of the Jordanian public about clinical research ethics.  Research Ethics ,  17 (2), 228-241.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1747016120966779

[40] Ababneh, M. A., Al-Azzam, S. I., Alzoubi, K., Rababa’h, A., & Al Demour, S. (2021). Understanding and attitudes of the Jordanian public about clinical research ethics.  Research Ethics ,  17 (2), 228-241.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1747016120966779

[41] Dajani, R. (2014). Jordan’s stem-cell law can guide the Middle East.  Nature  510, 189. https://doi.org/10.1038/510189a

[42] Dajani, R. (2014). Jordan’s stem-cell law can guide the Middle East.  Nature  510, 189. https://doi.org/10.1038/510189a

[43] The EU’s definition of autonomy relates to the capacity for creating ideas, moral insight, decisions, and actions without constraint, personal responsibility, and informed consent. However, the EU views autonomy as not completely able to protect individuals and depends on other principles, such as dignity, which “expresses the intrinsic worth and fundamental equality of all human beings.” Rendtorff, J.D., Kemp, P. (2019). Four Ethical Principles in European Bioethics and Biolaw: Autonomy, Dignity, Integrity and Vulnerability. In: Valdés, E., Lecaros, J. (eds) Biolaw and Policy in the Twenty-First Century. International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine, vol 78. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05903-3_3

[44] Council of Europe. Convention for the protection of Human Rights and Dignity of the Human Being with regard to the Application of Biology and Medicine: Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine (ETS No. 164) https://www.coe.int/en/web/conventions/full-list?module=treaty-detail&treatynum=164 (forbidding the creation of embryos for research purposes only, and suggests embryos in vitro have protections.); Also see Drabiak-Syed B. K. (2013). New President, New Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Policy: Comparative International Perspectives and Embryonic Stem Cell Research Laws in France.  Biotechnology Law Report ,  32 (6), 349–356. https://doi.org/10.1089/blr.2013.9865

[45] Rendtorff, J.D., Kemp, P. (2019). Four Ethical Principles in European Bioethics and Biolaw: Autonomy, Dignity, Integrity and Vulnerability. In: Valdés, E., Lecaros, J. (eds) Biolaw and Policy in the Twenty-First Century. International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine, vol 78. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05903-3_3

[46] Tomuschat, C., Currie, D. P., Kommers, D. P., & Kerr, R. (Trans.). (1949, May 23). Basic law for the Federal Republic of Germany. https://www.btg-bestellservice.de/pdf/80201000.pdf

[47] Regulation of Stem Cell Research in Germany . Eurostemcell. (2017, April 26). https://www.eurostemcell.org/regulation-stem-cell-research-germany

[48] Regulation of Stem Cell Research in Finland . Eurostemcell. (2017, April 26). https://www.eurostemcell.org/regulation-stem-cell-research-finland

[49] Regulation of Stem Cell Research in Spain . Eurostemcell. (2017, April 26). https://www.eurostemcell.org/regulation-stem-cell-research-spain

[50] Some sources to consider regarding ethics models or regulatory oversights of other cultures not covered:

Kara MA. Applicability of the principle of respect for autonomy: the perspective of Turkey. J Med Ethics. 2007 Nov;33(11):627-30. doi: 10.1136/jme.2006.017400. PMID: 17971462; PMCID: PMC2598110.

Ugarte, O. N., & Acioly, M. A. (2014). The principle of autonomy in Brazil: one needs to discuss it ...  Revista do Colegio Brasileiro de Cirurgioes ,  41 (5), 374–377. https://doi.org/10.1590/0100-69912014005013

Bharadwaj, A., & Glasner, P. E. (2012). Local cells, global science: The rise of embryonic stem cell research in India . Routledge.

For further research on specific European countries regarding ethical and regulatory framework, we recommend this database: Regulation of Stem Cell Research in Europe . Eurostemcell. (2017, April 26). https://www.eurostemcell.org/regulation-stem-cell-research-europe   

[51] Klitzman, R. (2006). Complications of culture in obtaining informed consent. The American Journal of Bioethics, 6(1), 20–21. https://doi.org/10.1080/15265160500394671 see also: Ekmekci, P. E., & Arda, B. (2017). Interculturalism and Informed Consent: Respecting Cultural Differences without Breaching Human Rights.  Cultura (Iasi, Romania) ,  14 (2), 159–172.; For why trust is important in research, see also: Gray, B., Hilder, J., Macdonald, L., Tester, R., Dowell, A., & Stubbe, M. (2017). Are research ethics guidelines culturally competent?  Research Ethics ,  13 (1), 23-41.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1747016116650235

[52] The Qur'an  (M. Khattab, Trans.). (1965). Al-Mu’minun, 23: 12-14. https://quran.com/23

[53] Lenfest, Y. (2017, December 8). Islam and the beginning of human life . Bill of Health. https://blog.petrieflom.law.harvard.edu/2017/12/08/islam-and-the-beginning-of-human-life/

[54] Aksoy, S. (2005). Making regulations and drawing up legislation in Islamic countries under conditions of uncertainty, with special reference to embryonic stem cell research. Journal of Medical Ethics , 31: 399-403.; see also: Mahmoud, Azza. "Islamic Bioethics: National Regulations and Guidelines of Human Stem Cell Research in the Muslim World." Master's thesis, Chapman University, 2022. https://doi.org/10.36837/ chapman.000386

[55] Rashid, R. (2022). When does Ensoulment occur in the Human Foetus. Journal of the British Islamic Medical Association , 12 (4). ISSN 2634 8071. https://www.jbima.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/01/2-Ethics-3_-Ensoulment_Rafaqat.pdf.

[56] Sivaraman, M. & Noor, S. (2017). Ethics of embryonic stem cell research according to Buddhist, Hindu, Catholic, and Islamic religions: perspective from Malaysia. Asian Biomedicine,8(1) 43-52.  https://doi.org/10.5372/1905-7415.0801.260

[57] Jafari, M., Elahi, F., Ozyurt, S. & Wrigley, T. (2007). 4. Religious Perspectives on Embryonic Stem Cell Research. In K. Monroe, R. Miller & J. Tobis (Ed.),  Fundamentals of the Stem Cell Debate: The Scientific, Religious, Ethical, and Political Issues  (pp. 79-94). Berkeley: University of California Press.  https://escholarship.org/content/qt9rj0k7s3/qt9rj0k7s3_noSplash_f9aca2e02c3777c7fb76ea768ba458f0.pdf https://doi.org/10.1525/9780520940994-005

[58] Lecso, P. A. (1991). The Bodhisattva Ideal and Organ Transplantation.  Journal of Religion and Health ,  30 (1), 35–41. http://www.jstor.org/stable/27510629 ; Bodhisattva, S. (n.d.). The Key of Becoming a Bodhisattva . A Guide to the Bodhisattva Way of Life. http://www.buddhism.org/Sutras/2/BodhisattvaWay.htm

[59] There is no explicit religious reference to when life begins or how to conduct research that interacts with the concept of life. However, these are relevant verses pertaining to how the fetus is viewed. (( King James Bible . (1999). Oxford University Press. (original work published 1769))

Jerimiah 1: 5 “Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee…”

In prophet Jerimiah’s insight, God set him apart as a person known before childbirth, a theme carried within the Psalm of David.

Psalm 139: 13-14 “…Thou hast covered me in my mother's womb. I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made…”

These verses demonstrate David’s respect for God as an entity that would know of all man’s thoughts and doings even before birth.

[60] It should be noted that abortion is not supported as well.

[61] The Vatican. (1987, February 22). Instruction on Respect for Human Life in Its Origin and on the Dignity of Procreation Replies to Certain Questions of the Day . Congregation For the Doctrine of the Faith. https://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/documents/rc_con_cfaith_doc_19870222_respect-for-human-life_en.html

[62] The Vatican. (2000, August 25). Declaration On the Production and the Scientific and Therapeutic Use of Human Embryonic Stem Cells . Pontifical Academy for Life. https://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/pontifical_academies/acdlife/documents/rc_pa_acdlife_doc_20000824_cellule-staminali_en.html ; Ohara, N. (2003). Ethical Consideration of Experimentation Using Living Human Embryos: The Catholic Church’s Position on Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research and Human Cloning. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology . Retrieved from https://article.imrpress.com/journal/CEOG/30/2-3/pii/2003018/77-81.pdf.

[63] Smith, G. A. (2022, May 23). Like Americans overall, Catholics vary in their abortion views, with regular mass attenders most opposed . Pew Research Center. https://www.pewresearch.org/short-reads/2022/05/23/like-americans-overall-catholics-vary-in-their-abortion-views-with-regular-mass-attenders-most-opposed/

[64] Rosner, F., & Reichman, E. (2002). Embryonic stem cell research in Jewish law. Journal of halacha and contemporary society , (43), 49–68.; Jafari, M., Elahi, F., Ozyurt, S. & Wrigley, T. (2007). 4. Religious Perspectives on Embryonic Stem Cell Research. In K. Monroe, R. Miller & J. Tobis (Ed.),  Fundamentals of the Stem Cell Debate: The Scientific, Religious, Ethical, and Political Issues  (pp. 79-94). Berkeley: University of California Press.  https://escholarship.org/content/qt9rj0k7s3/qt9rj0k7s3_noSplash_f9aca2e02c3777c7fb76ea768ba458f0.pdf https://doi.org/10.1525/9780520940994-005

[65] Schenker J. G. (2008). The beginning of human life: status of embryo. Perspectives in Halakha (Jewish Religious Law).  Journal of assisted reproduction and genetics ,  25 (6), 271–276. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10815-008-9221-6

[66] Ruttenberg, D. (2020, May 5). The Torah of Abortion Justice (annotated source sheet) . Sefaria. https://www.sefaria.org/sheets/234926.7?lang=bi&with=all&lang2=en

[67] Jafari, M., Elahi, F., Ozyurt, S. & Wrigley, T. (2007). 4. Religious Perspectives on Embryonic Stem Cell Research. In K. Monroe, R. Miller & J. Tobis (Ed.),  Fundamentals of the Stem Cell Debate: The Scientific, Religious, Ethical, and Political Issues  (pp. 79-94). Berkeley: University of California Press.  https://escholarship.org/content/qt9rj0k7s3/qt9rj0k7s3_noSplash_f9aca2e02c3777c7fb76ea768ba458f0.pdf https://doi.org/10.1525/9780520940994-005

[68] Gert, B. (2007). Common morality: Deciding what to do . Oxford Univ. Press.

[69] World Medical Association (2013). World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki: ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects. JAMA , 310(20), 2191–2194. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2013.281053 Declaration of Helsinki – WMA – The World Medical Association .; see also: National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. (1979).  The Belmont report: Ethical principles and guidelines for the protection of human subjects of research . U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.  https://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/regulations-and-policy/belmont-report/read-the-belmont-report/index.html

[70] Zakarin Safier, L., Gumer, A., Kline, M., Egli, D., & Sauer, M. V. (2018). Compensating human subjects providing oocytes for stem cell research: 9-year experience and outcomes.  Journal of assisted reproduction and genetics ,  35 (7), 1219–1225. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10815-018-1171-z https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6063839/ see also: Riordan, N. H., & Paz Rodríguez, J. (2021). Addressing concerns regarding associated costs, transparency, and integrity of research in recent stem cell trial. Stem Cells Translational Medicine , 10 (12), 1715–1716. https://doi.org/10.1002/sctm.21-0234

[71] Klitzman, R., & Sauer, M. V. (2009). Payment of egg donors in stem cell research in the USA.  Reproductive biomedicine online ,  18 (5), 603–608. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1472-6483(10)60002-8

[72] Krosin, M. T., Klitzman, R., Levin, B., Cheng, J., & Ranney, M. L. (2006). Problems in comprehension of informed consent in rural and peri-urban Mali, West Africa.  Clinical trials (London, England) ,  3 (3), 306–313. https://doi.org/10.1191/1740774506cn150oa

[73] Veatch, Robert M.  Hippocratic, Religious, and Secular Medical Ethics: The Points of Conflict . Georgetown University Press, 2012.

[74] Msoroka, M. S., & Amundsen, D. (2018). One size fits not quite all: Universal research ethics with diversity.  Research Ethics ,  14 (3), 1-17.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1747016117739939

[75] Pirzada, N. (2022). The Expansion of Turkey’s Medical Tourism Industry.  Voices in Bioethics ,  8 . https://doi.org/10.52214/vib.v8i.9894

[76] Stem Cell Tourism: False Hope for Real Money . Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI). (2023). https://hsci.harvard.edu/stem-cell-tourism , See also: Bissassar, M. (2017). Transnational Stem Cell Tourism: An ethical analysis.  Voices in Bioethics ,  3 . https://doi.org/10.7916/vib.v3i.6027

[77] Song, P. (2011) The proliferation of stem cell therapies in post-Mao China: problematizing ethical regulation,  New Genetics and Society , 30:2, 141-153, DOI:  10.1080/14636778.2011.574375

[78] Dajani, R. (2014). Jordan’s stem-cell law can guide the Middle East.  Nature  510, 189. https://doi.org/10.1038/510189a

[79] International Society for Stem Cell Research. (2024). Standards in stem cell research . International Society for Stem Cell Research. https://www.isscr.org/guidelines/5-standards-in-stem-cell-research

[80] Benjamin, R. (2013). People’s science bodies and rights on the Stem Cell Frontier . Stanford University Press.

Mifrah Hayath

SM Candidate Harvard Medical School, MS Biotechnology Johns Hopkins University

Olivia Bowers

MS Bioethics Columbia University (Disclosure: affiliated with Voices in Bioethics)

Article Details

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License .

How to Find Research Topics to Write About

So, you’ve got a research paper due, and the dread sets in – what to research about? We’ve all experienced that frustrating moment when finding a topic feels about as simple as finding a needle in a haystack.

But hold on! Before you check is essay pro legit enough to find someone to write your paper for you (tempting, I know!), take a deep breath. Finding a killer research topic doesn’t have to take weeks. It can actually be the spark that ignites your curiosity and leads you down a fascinating rabbit hole of discovery. 

The key is knowing where to look for inspiration and how to narrow down those endless possibilities into a topic that’s manageable, meaningful, and maybe even a little bit exciting.

So, let’s come up with unconventional strategies, look for hidden sources of inspiration, and give you the tools to choose a topic that will give your research paper a head-start.

what is a good controversial topic for a research paper

Source: https://www.pexels.com/photo/photo-of-a-woman-thinking-941555/ 

Look Beyond the Textbook

Sure, your course material is a good starting point for finding a research topic, but don’t let it be your only source of inspiration. Look around you – the world is full of fascinating questions just waiting to be explored. 

What current events spark your interest? What social issues keep you up at night? Maybe there’s a scientific breakthrough that’s left you wanting to know more. 

Don’t be afraid to let your curiosity guide you. Some of the most engaging research papers are born out of genuine interest and a desire to learn more about the world.

Another often-overlooked source of inspiration on what to research is your own life experiences. Have you ever faced a personal challenge or overcome an obstacle that could be relevant to others? Maybe you have a unique cultural background or a hobby that could be the basis for an intriguing research question. 

Don’t undermine the potential of your own story to spark a meaningful topic.

Digg Deeper With Unconventional Sources

Now, let’s move beyond the obvious. While academic journals and textbooks are important resources, they’re not the only game in town. 

Explore documentaries, podcasts, TED Talks, and even social media for potential research topic ideas. These sources often present complex issues in a more accessible way, making them a great way to spark your interest and notice new perspectives.

If you’re feeling stuck, try branching out into different fields of study. Maybe a sociology paper on the impact of social media on mental health or a history paper on the role of music in social movements could pique your interest. 

Remember, research is about making connections, so don’t be afraid to get a little interdisciplinary with your topic choices.

what is a good controversial topic for a research paper

Source: https://www.pexels.com/photo/box-with-brain-inscription-on-head-of-anonymous-woman-7203727/

Find Out What Makes a Good Research Paper Topic

So, you’ve got a whole bunch of potential research article topics swirling around in your head. Now what? It’s time to narrow it down and find the perfect fit. 

A good topic should be several things:

  • Interesting. You’re going to be spending a lot of time on this topic, so make sure it’s something you actually care about!
  • Manageable. Choose a topic that’s narrow enough to be thoroughly researched within the scope of your assignment. Avoid topics that are too general or too niche.
  • Relevant. Make sure your topic is in line with your course or field of study. If you’re unsure, talk to your professor for guidance.
  • Original. While it’s okay to build on existing research, try to gauge a new angle or perspective on your topic.

If you still feel you can’t come up with the right topic, don’t hesitate to seek out help. Talk to your professor or librarian, or even consider consulting with one of the best coursework writing services to brainstorm ideas and get feedback on your choices. 

Choosing a topic for a research paper is just the first step in the process. The real fun begins when you start diving into the research and getting new insights.

The Bottom Line

The journey of finding a research topic doesn’t have to be a dreaded chore. It can be an exciting opportunity to expand your knowledge and bring out new passions. Remember, there are no “easy research topics.” The best topics are the ones that ignite your curiosity and challenge you to think critically about the world around you.

So, feel free to get a little creative with your research topic choices. Whether you’re exploring a current event, a personal experience, or a complex social issue, the most important thing is to choose a topic that inspires you and makes you eager to dive into the research.

Learning how to find a research topic is an essential skill for any college student, and with the right approach, it can even be enjoyable! So, put on your explorer hat, embrace your curiosity, and let your research process begin.


Choose Your Test

Sat / act prep online guides and tips, 113 perfect persuasive essay topics for any assignment.

author image

General Education


Do you need to write a persuasive essay but aren’t sure what topic to focus on? Were you thrilled when your teacher said you could write about whatever you wanted but are now overwhelmed by the possibilities? We’re here to help!

Read on for a list of 113 top-notch persuasive essay topics, organized into ten categories. To help get you started, we also discuss what a persuasive essay is, how to choose a great topic, and what tips to keep in mind as you write your persuasive essay.

What Is a Persuasive Essay?

In a persuasive essay, you attempt to convince readers to agree with your point of view on an argument. For example, an essay analyzing changes in Italian art during the Renaissance wouldn’t be a persuasive essay, because there’s no argument, but an essay where you argue that Italian art reached its peak during the Renaissance would be a persuasive essay because you’re trying to get your audience to agree with your viewpoint.

Persuasive and argumentative essays both try to convince readers to agree with the author, but the two essay types have key differences. Argumentative essays show a more balanced view of the issue and discuss both sides. Persuasive essays focus more heavily on the side the author agrees with. They also often include more of the author’s opinion than argumentative essays, which tend to use only facts and data to support their argument.

All persuasive essays have the following:

  • Introduction: Introduces the topic, explains why it’s important, and ends with the thesis.
  • Thesis: A sentence that sums up what the essay be discussing and what your stance on the issue is.
  • Reasons you believe your side of the argument: Why do you support the side you do? Typically each main point will have its own body paragraph.
  • Evidence supporting your argument: Facts or examples to back up your main points. Even though your opinion is allowed in persuasive essays more than most other essays, having concrete examples will make a stronger argument than relying on your opinion alone.
  • Conclusion: Restatement of thesis, summary of main points, and a recap of why the issue is important.

What Makes a Good Persuasive Essay Topic?

Theoretically, you could write a persuasive essay about any subject under the sun, but that doesn’t necessarily mean you should. Certain topics are easier to write a strong persuasive essay on, and below are tips to follow when deciding what you should write about.

It’s a Topic You Care About

Obviously, it’s possible to write an essay about a topic you find completely boring. You’ve probably done it! However, if possible, it’s always better to choose a topic that you care about and are interested in. When this is the case, you’ll find doing the research more enjoyable, writing the essay easier, and your writing will likely be better because you’ll be more passionate about and informed on the topic.

You Have Enough Evidence to Support Your Argument

Just being passionate about a subject isn’t enough to make it a good persuasive essay topic, though. You need to make sure your argument is complex enough to have at least two potential sides to root for, and you need to be able to back up your side with evidence and examples. Even though persuasive essays allow your opinion to feature more than many other essays, you still need concrete evidence to back up your claims, or you’ll end up with a weak essay.

For example, you may passionately believe that mint chocolate chip ice cream is the best ice cream flavor (I agree!), but could you really write an entire essay on this? What would be your reasons for believing mint chocolate chip is the best (besides the fact that it’s delicious)? How would you support your belief? Have enough studies been done on preferred ice cream flavors to support an entire essay? When choosing a persuasive essay idea, you want to find the right balance between something you care about (so you can write well on it) and something the rest of the world cares about (so you can reference evidence to strengthen your position).

It’s a Manageable Topic

Bigger isn’t always better, especially with essay topics. While it may seem like a great idea to choose a huge, complex topic to write about, you’ll likely struggle to sift through all the information and different sides of the issue and winnow them down to one streamlined essay. For example, choosing to write an essay about how WWII impacted American life more than WWI wouldn’t be a great idea because you’d need to analyze all the impacts of both the wars in numerous areas of American life. It’d be a huge undertaking. A better idea would be to choose one impact on American life the wars had (such as changes in female employment) and focus on that. Doing so will make researching and writing your persuasive essay much more feasible.


List of 113 Good Persuasive Essay Topics

Below are over 100 persuasive essay ideas, organized into ten categories. When you find an idea that piques your interest, you’ll choose one side of it to argue for in your essay. For example, if you choose the topic, “should fracking be legal?” you’d decide whether you believe fracking should be legal or illegal, then you’d write an essay arguing all the reasons why your audience should agree with you.


  • Should students be required to learn an instrument in school?
  • Did the end of Game of Thrones fit with the rest of the series?
  • Can music be an effective way to treat mental illness?
  • With e-readers so popular, have libraries become obsolete?
  • Are the Harry Potter books more popular than they deserve to be?
  • Should music with offensive language come with a warning label?
  • What’s the best way for museums to get more people to visit?
  • Should students be able to substitute an art or music class for a PE class in school?
  • Are the Kardashians good or bad role models for young people?
  • Should people in higher income brackets pay more taxes?
  • Should all high school students be required to take a class on financial literacy?
  • Is it possible to achieve the American dream, or is it only a myth?
  • Is it better to spend a summer as an unpaid intern at a prestigious company or as a paid worker at a local store/restaurant?
  • Should the United States impose more or fewer tariffs?
  • Should college graduates have their student loans forgiven?
  • Should restaurants eliminate tipping and raise staff wages instead?
  • Should students learn cursive writing in school?
  • Which is more important: PE class or music class?
  • Is it better to have year-round school with shorter breaks throughout the year?
  • Should class rank be abolished in schools?
  • Should students be taught sex education in school?
  • Should students be able to attend public universities for free?
  • What’s the most effective way to change the behavior of school bullies?
  • Are the SAT and ACT accurate ways to measure intelligence?
  • Should students be able to learn sign language instead of a foreign language?
  • Do the benefits of Greek life at colleges outweigh the negatives?
  • Does doing homework actually help students learn more?
  • Why do students in many other countries score higher than American students on math exams?
  • Should parents/teachers be able to ban certain books from schools?
  • What’s the best way to reduce cheating in school?
  • Should colleges take a student’s race into account when making admissions decisions?
  • Should there be limits to free speech?
  • Should students be required to perform community service to graduate high school?
  • Should convicted felons who have completed their sentence be allowed to vote?
  • Should gun ownership be more tightly regulated?
  • Should recycling be made mandatory?
  • Should employers be required to offer paid leave to new parents?
  • Are there any circumstances where torture should be allowed?
  • Should children under the age of 18 be able to get plastic surgery for cosmetic reasons?
  • Should white supremacy groups be allowed to hold rallies in public places?
  • Does making abortion illegal make women more or less safe?
  • Does foreign aid actually help developing countries?
  • Are there times a person’s freedom of speech should be curtailed?
  • Should people over a certain age not be allowed to adopt children?


  • Should the minimum voting age be raised/lowered/kept the same?
  • Should Puerto Rico be granted statehood?
  • Should the United States build a border wall with Mexico?
  • Who should be the next person printed on American banknotes?
  • Should the United States’ military budget be reduced?
  • Did China’s one child policy have overall positive or negative impacts on the country?
  • Should DREAMers be granted US citizenship?
  • Is national security more important than individual privacy?
  • What responsibility does the government have to help homeless people?
  • Should the electoral college be abolished?
  • Should the US increase or decrease the number of refugees it allows in each year?
  • Should privately-run prisons be abolished?
  • Who was the most/least effective US president?
  • Will Brexit end up helping or harming the UK?


  • What’s the best way to reduce the spread of Ebola?
  • Is the Keto diet a safe and effective way to lose weight?
  • Should the FDA regulate vitamins and supplements more strictly?
  • Should public schools require all students who attend to be vaccinated?
  • Is eating genetically modified food safe?
  • What’s the best way to make health insurance more affordable?
  • What’s the best way to lower the teen pregnancy rate?
  • Should recreational marijuana be legalized nationwide?
  • Should birth control pills be available without a prescription?
  • Should pregnant women be forbidden from buying cigarettes and alcohol?
  • Why has anxiety increased in adolescents?
  • Are low-carb or low-fat diets more effective for weight loss?
  • What caused the destruction of the USS Maine?
  • Was King Arthur a mythical legend or actual Dark Ages king?
  • Was the US justified in dropping atomic bombs during WWII?
  • What was the primary cause of the Rwandan genocide?
  • What happened to the settlers of the Roanoke colony?
  • Was disagreement over slavery the primary cause of the US Civil War?
  • What has caused the numerous disappearances in the Bermuda triangle?
  • Should nuclear power be banned?
  • Is scientific testing on animals necessary?
  • Do zoos help or harm animals?
  • Should scientists be allowed to clone humans?
  • Should animals in circuses be banned?
  • Should fracking be legal?
  • Should people be allowed to keep exotic animals as pets?
  • What’s the best way to reduce illegal poaching in Africa?
  • What is the best way to reduce the impact of global warming?
  • Should euthanasia be legalized?
  • Is there legitimate evidence of extraterrestrial life?
  • Should people be banned from owning aggressive dog breeds?
  • Should the United States devote more money towards space exploration?
  • Should the government subsidize renewable forms of energy?
  • Is solar energy worth the cost?
  • Should stem cells be used in medicine?
  • Is it right for the US to leave the Paris Climate Agreement?
  • Should athletes who fail a drug test receive a lifetime ban from the sport?
  • Should college athletes receive a salary?
  • Should the NFL do more to prevent concussions in players?
  • Do PE classes help students stay in shape?
  • Should horse racing be banned?
  • Should cheerleading be considered a sport?
  • Should children younger than 18 be allowed to play tackle football?
  • Are the costs of hosting an Olympic Games worth it?
  • Can online schools be as effective as traditional schools?
  • Do violent video games encourage players to be violent in real life?
  • Should facial recognition technology be banned?
  • Does excessive social media use lead to depression/anxiety?
  • Has the rise of translation technology made knowing multiple languages obsolete?
  • Was Steve Jobs a visionary or just a great marketer?
  • Should social media be banned for children younger than a certain age?
  • Which 21st-century invention has had the largest impact on society?
  • Are ride-sharing companies like Uber and Lyft good or bad for society?
  • Should Facebook have done more to protect the privacy of its users?
  • Will technology end up increasing or decreasing inequality worldwide?


Tips for Writing a Strong Persuasive Essay

After you’ve chosen the perfect topic for your persuasive essay, your work isn’t over. Follow the three tips below to create a top-notch essay.

Do Your Research

Your argument will fall apart if you don’t fully understand the issue you’re discussing or you overlook an important piece of it. Readers won’t be convinced by someone who doesn’t know the subject, and you likely won’t persuade any of them to begin supporting your viewpoint. Before you begin writing a single word of your essay, research your topic thoroughly. Study different sources, learn about the different sides of the argument, ask anyone who’s an expert on the topic what their opinion is, etc. You might be tempted to start writing right away, but by doing your research, you’ll make the writing process much easier when the time comes.

Make Your Thesis Perfect

Your thesis is the most important sentence in your persuasive essay. Just by reading that single sentence, your audience should know exactly what topic you’ll be discussing and where you stand on the issue. You want your thesis to be crystal clear and to accurately set up the rest of your essay. Asking classmates or your teacher to look it over before you begin writing the rest of your essay can be a big help if you’re not entirely confident in your thesis.

Consider the Other Side

You’ll spend most of your essay focusing on your side of the argument since that’s what you want readers to come away believing. However, don’t think that means you can ignore other sides of the issue. In your essay, be sure to discuss the other side’s argument, as well as why you believe this view is weak or untrue. Researching all the different viewpoints and including them in your essay will increase the quality of your writing by making your essay more complete and nuanced.

Summary: Persuasive Essay Ideas

Good persuasive essay topics can be difficult to come up with, but in this guide we’ve created a list of 113 excellent essay topics for you to browse. The best persuasive essay ideas will be those that you are interested in, have enough evidence to support your argument, and aren’t too complicated to be summarized in an essay.

After you’ve chosen your essay topic, keep these three tips in mind when you begin writing:

  • Do your research
  • Make your thesis perfect
  • Consider the other side

What's Next?

Need ideas for a research paper topic as well? Our guide to research paper topics has over 100 topics in ten categories so you can be sure to find the perfect topic for you.

Thinking about taking an AP English class? Read our guide on AP English classes to learn whether you should take AP English Language or AP English Literature (or both!)

Deciding between the SAT or ACT? Find out for sure which you will do the best on . Also read a detailed comparison between the two tests .

author image

Christine graduated from Michigan State University with degrees in Environmental Biology and Geography and received her Master's from Duke University. In high school she scored in the 99th percentile on the SAT and was named a National Merit Finalist. She has taught English and biology in several countries.

Ask a Question Below

Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply!

Improve With Our Famous Guides

  • For All Students

The 5 Strategies You Must Be Using to Improve 160+ SAT Points

How to Get a Perfect 1600, by a Perfect Scorer

Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section:

Score 800 on SAT Math

Score 800 on SAT Reading

Score 800 on SAT Writing

Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section:

Score 600 on SAT Math

Score 600 on SAT Reading

Score 600 on SAT Writing

Free Complete Official SAT Practice Tests

What SAT Target Score Should You Be Aiming For?

15 Strategies to Improve Your SAT Essay

The 5 Strategies You Must Be Using to Improve 4+ ACT Points

How to Get a Perfect 36 ACT, by a Perfect Scorer

Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section:

36 on ACT English

36 on ACT Math

36 on ACT Reading

36 on ACT Science

Series: How to Get to 24 on Each ACT Section:

24 on ACT English

24 on ACT Math

24 on ACT Reading

24 on ACT Science

What ACT target score should you be aiming for?

ACT Vocabulary You Must Know

ACT Writing: 15 Tips to Raise Your Essay Score

How to Get Into Harvard and the Ivy League

How to Get a Perfect 4.0 GPA

How to Write an Amazing College Essay

What Exactly Are Colleges Looking For?

Is the ACT easier than the SAT? A Comprehensive Guide

Should you retake your SAT or ACT?

When should you take the SAT or ACT?

Stay Informed

Follow us on Facebook (icon)

Get the latest articles and test prep tips!

Looking for Graduate School Test Prep?

Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here:

GRE Online Prep Blog

GMAT Online Prep Blog

TOEFL Online Prep Blog

Holly R. "I am absolutely overjoyed and cannot thank you enough for helping me!”

Napoleon: was he Good or Bad for France and Europe?

This essay is about Napoleon Bonaparte’s complex legacy, weighing his contributions to governance, law, and society against the extensive wars and turmoil his ambitions caused across Europe. It explores how Napoleon rose to power during the French Revolution, implemented significant reforms like the Napoleonic Code, and centralized the French state, promoting equality and efficiency. However, his quest for dominance led to devastating wars and authoritarian rule. The essay assesses the positive and negative impacts of his actions, highlighting the lasting influence of his legal and administrative reforms while acknowledging the human and economic costs of his military campaigns. Napoleon’s legacy remains a subject of ongoing debate due to his dual role as a visionary reformer and a relentless conqueror.

How it works

Napoleon Bonaparte remains one of history’s most enigmatic and controversial figures. His legacy is a subject of debate among historians and scholars, who assess his impact through various lenses. To determine whether Napoleon was “good” involves examining his contributions to governance, law, and society, alongside the wars and turmoil his ambitions wrought across Europe.

Napoleon rose to prominence during the French Revolution, a period of profound social and political upheaval. His military prowess and strategic acumen propelled him to power, eventually leading to his coronation as Emperor of the French in 1804.

One of his most significant and enduring achievements was the Napoleonic Code, or Civil Code of 1804. This comprehensive legal framework abolished feudal privileges and established principles of equality before the law, property rights, and individual freedoms. The Code influenced not only France but also many other nations, shaping modern legal systems around the world.

Furthermore, Napoleon implemented various administrative reforms that centralized the French state and improved its efficiency. He reorganized the education system, creating lycées and technical schools that laid the foundation for a more meritocratic society. These institutions helped cultivate a new class of educated citizens who could serve in the civil service and military, thus fostering social mobility based on talent rather than birthright.

However, Napoleon’s legacy is not without its darker aspects. His quest for dominance plunged Europe into a series of devastating wars. The Napoleonic Wars, spanning from 1803 to 1815, resulted in significant loss of life and widespread destruction. His military campaigns, while initially successful, ultimately overextended French resources and led to his downfall. The invasion of Russia in 1812, a catastrophic failure, marked the beginning of the end for Napoleon’s empire. The resulting retreat decimated his Grande Armée and eroded his support base.

Napoleon’s rule also exhibited authoritarian tendencies. His consolidation of power was marked by censorship, suppression of dissent, and a strong centralized government that curtailed political freedoms. Although he maintained some revolutionary ideals, such as secularism and meritocracy, his reign was characterized by personal ambition and a willingness to compromise principles for power.

Internationally, Napoleon’s actions had both positive and negative repercussions. On one hand, his conquests spread the principles of the French Revolution, such as the abolition of feudalism and the promotion of legal equality. Many European countries adopted reforms inspired by the Napoleonic Code, which modernized their legal and administrative systems. On the other hand, his aggressive expansionism and the imposition of French hegemony provoked widespread resistance and nationalist movements. The Napoleonic Wars reshaped the political map of Europe, but they also sowed the seeds of future conflicts and revolutions.

Assessing whether Napoleon was good involves balancing his contributions against the costs of his ambitions. His legal and administrative reforms had a lasting positive impact, promoting principles of equality, secularism, and centralized governance that influenced many nations. However, his relentless pursuit of power led to extensive warfare, suffering, and instability. Napoleon’s legacy is thus a complex interplay of visionary reforms and authoritarian rule, of progress and destruction.

In conclusion, Napoleon Bonaparte’s legacy defies simple categorization as wholly good or bad. He was a transformative leader whose reforms shaped modern Europe and whose military ambitions left an indelible mark on history. To understand Napoleon is to recognize the duality of his impact: a man capable of both remarkable achievements and profound failures. His life and legacy continue to provoke debate, reflecting the multifaceted nature of his influence on France and the broader world.


Cite this page

Napoleon: Was He Good or Bad for France and Europe?. (2024, May 21). Retrieved from https://papersowl.com/examples/napoleon-was-he-good-or-bad-for-france-and-europe/

"Napoleon: Was He Good or Bad for France and Europe?." PapersOwl.com , 21 May 2024, https://papersowl.com/examples/napoleon-was-he-good-or-bad-for-france-and-europe/

PapersOwl.com. (2024). Napoleon: Was He Good or Bad for France and Europe? . [Online]. Available at: https://papersowl.com/examples/napoleon-was-he-good-or-bad-for-france-and-europe/ [Accessed: 21 May. 2024]

"Napoleon: Was He Good or Bad for France and Europe?." PapersOwl.com, May 21, 2024. Accessed May 21, 2024. https://papersowl.com/examples/napoleon-was-he-good-or-bad-for-france-and-europe/

"Napoleon: Was He Good or Bad for France and Europe?," PapersOwl.com , 21-May-2024. [Online]. Available: https://papersowl.com/examples/napoleon-was-he-good-or-bad-for-france-and-europe/. [Accessed: 21-May-2024]

PapersOwl.com. (2024). Napoleon: Was He Good or Bad for France and Europe? . [Online]. Available at: https://papersowl.com/examples/napoleon-was-he-good-or-bad-for-france-and-europe/ [Accessed: 21-May-2024]

Don't let plagiarism ruin your grade

Hire a writer to get a unique paper crafted to your needs.


Our writers will help you fix any mistakes and get an A+!

Please check your inbox.

You can order an original essay written according to your instructions.

Trusted by over 1 million students worldwide

1. Tell Us Your Requirements

2. Pick your perfect writer

3. Get Your Paper and Pay

Hi! I'm Amy, your personal assistant!

Don't know where to start? Give me your paper requirements and I connect you to an academic expert.

short deadlines

100% Plagiarism-Free

Certified writers

Numbers, Facts and Trends Shaping Your World

Read our research on:

Full Topic List

Regions & Countries

  • Publications
  • Our Methods
  • Short Reads
  • Tools & Resources

Read Our Research On:

Support for legal abortion is widespread in many places, especially in Europe

Majorities in most of the 27 places around the world that Pew Research Center surveyed in 2023 and 2024 say abortion should be legal in all or most cases. But attitudes differ widely – even within places. Religiously unaffiliated adults, people on the ideological left and women are more likely to support legal abortion in many places.

This analysis focuses on public opinion of abortion in 27 places in North America, Europe, the Middle East, the Asia-Pacific, sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America.

This analysis draws on nationally representative surveys of 27,285 adults conducted from Feb. 20 to May 22, 2023. All surveys were conducted over the phone with adults in Canada, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, South Korea, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Surveys were conducted face-to-face in Argentina, Brazil, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Israel, Kenya, Mexico, Nigeria, Poland and South Africa. In Australia, we used a mixed-mode probability-based online panel.

Data from Hong Kong, Taiwan and Vietnam comes from a survey of 6,544 adults conducted from June 6 to Sept. 17, 2023. All interviews in Hong Kong and Taiwan were conducted over the phone; those in Vietnam were conducted face-to-face.

In the United States, data comes from a survey of 8,709 U.S. adults conducted from April 8 to 14, 2024. Everyone who took part in this survey is a member of Pew Research Center’s American Trends Panel (ATP), an online survey panel that is recruited through national, random sampling of residential addresses. This way nearly all U.S. adults have a chance of selection. The survey is weighted to be representative of the U.S. adult population by gender, race, ethnicity, partisan affiliation, education and other categories. Read more about the ATP’s methodology .

Here are the questions used for this analysis , along with responses, and the survey methodology .

A diverging bar chart showing that majorities in most places surveyed support legal abortion.

A median of 66% of adults across the 27 places surveyed believe abortion should be legal in all or most cases, while a median of 30% believe it should be illegal in all or most cases.

In the United States, where a Supreme Court decision ended the constitutional right to abortion in 2022, 63% of adults say abortion should be legal in all or most cases. U.S. support for legal abortion has not changed in recent years.

In Europe, there is widespread agreement that abortion should be legal. In nearly every European country surveyed, at least 75% of adults hold this view, including roughly 25% or more who say it should be legal in all cases.

Swedes are especially supportive: 95% say it should be legal, including 66% who say it should be legal in all cases.

Poland stands out among the European countries surveyed for its residents’ more restrictive views, at least compared with other Europeans. Over half of Poles (56%) say abortion should be legal in all or most cases, but 36% say it should be illegal in all or most cases.

Attitudes are more varied in the Asia-Pacific region. Majorities say abortion should be legal in all or most cases in Australia, Hong Kong, India, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan. But in Vietnam, a majority (59%) say it should be illegal in all or most cases, and 82% in Indonesia share this view.

In Israel, 51% of adults say abortion should be legal in all or most cases, while 42% say it should be illegal in all or most cases.

In all three African countries surveyed – Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa – majorities say abortion should be illegal in all or most cases. That includes 88% of adults in Kenya and 91% in Nigeria.

In South America, views about legal abortion are divided in Argentina and Mexico. But in Brazil, seven-in-ten adults say abortion should be illegal in all or most cases.

Abortion legislation and views of abortion

Abortion rules tend to be more restrictive in places where support for legal abortion is lower. Abortions in Brazil, Indonesia and Nigeria are only permitted when a woman’s life is at risk, according to the Center for Reproductive Rights . In Israel, Kenya and Poland, abortion is permitted to preserve a woman’s health. Most other places surveyed have more permissive regulations that allow abortions up to a specific point during the pregnancy.  

Compared with Pew Research Center surveys over the past decade in Europe , India and Latin America , more people in many countries now say that abortion should be legal in all or most cases.

Importance of religion and attitudes toward abortion

Attitudes toward abortion are strongly tied to how important people say religion is in their lives. In places where a greater share of people say religion is at least somewhat important to them, much smaller shares think abortion should be legal.

For example, 99% of Nigerians say religion is important in their lives and only 8% say abortion should be legal in all or most cases. On the opposite end of the spectrum, 20% of Swedes see religion as important and 95% support legal abortion.

People in India are outliers: 94% view religion as important, but 59% also favor legal abortion.

A scatter plot showing that support for legal abortion tends to be higher where people place less importance on religion.

How religious affiliation, GDP relate to abortion views

Economic development plays a role in this relationship, too. In places with lower gross domestic product (GDP) per capita , people tend to be more religious and have more restrictive attitudes about abortion.

But the U.S. stands apart in this regard: Among the advanced economies surveyed, Americans have the highest per capita GDP but are among the most likely to say religion is important to them. They are also among the least likely to say abortion should be legal in all or most cases.

A dot plot showing that religiously unaffiliated adults are more likely than those affiliated with a religion to favor legal abortion.

Religious affiliation is also an important factor when considering views of abortion in particular places.

On balance, adults who are religiously unaffiliated – self-identifying as atheist, agnostic or “nothing in particular” – are more likely to say abortion should be legal in all or most cases than are those who identify with a religion.

This difference is largest in the U.S., where 86% of religiously unaffiliated adults say abortion should be legal in all or most cases, compared with 53% of religiously affiliated Americans. Of course, differences also exist among religiously affiliated Americans. White evangelical Protestants are the least likely to favor legal abortion.

In countries where there are two dominant religions and negligible shares of religiously unaffiliated adults, there are often divides between the dominant religions.

Take Israel, for example, where 99% of adults affiliate with a religion. While 56% of Jewish adults say abortion should be legal in all or most cases, 23% of Muslims agree. And 89% of Jews who describe themselves as Hiloni (“secular”) favor legal abortion, compared with only 12% of Haredi (“ultra-orthodox”) or Dati (“religious”) Jews. Masorti (“traditional”) Jews fall in between, with 58% favoring legal abortion.

Views differ by religion in Nigeria, too, even as the vast majority of Nigerians oppose legal abortion. One-in-ten Nigerian Christians support legal abortion in all or most cases, compared with just 3% of Nigerian Muslims.

Differences in views by political ideology

A dot plot showing that people on the ideological left are more likely to support legal abortion than those on the right.

In 15 of the 18 countries where the Center measures political ideology on a left-right scale, those on the left are more likely than those on the right to say abortion should be legal in all or most cases.

Again, Americans are the most divided in their views: 94% of liberals support legal abortion, compared with 30% of conservatives.

Opinions by gender

Gender also plays a role in views of abortion, though these differences are not as large or widespread as ideological and religious differences.

In seven countries surveyed – Australia, Israel, Japan, South Korea, Sweden, the UK and the U.S. – women are significantly more likely than men to say abortion should be legal in all or most cases.

In an additional six countries in Europe and North America, women are more likely than men to say abortion should be legal in all cases.

In Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Poland, Taiwan, Vietnam and all the African and Latin American countries surveyed, men and women have more similar views on abortion.

Note: Here are the questions used for this analysis , along with responses, and the survey methodology . This is an update of a post originally published June 20, 2023.  

  • Household Structure & Family Roles
  • International Issues
  • Religion & Abortion

Download Janell Fetterolf's photo

Janell Fetterolf is a senior researcher focusing on global attitudes at Pew Research Center .

Download Laura Clancy's photo

Laura Clancy is a research analyst focusing on global attitudes research at Pew Research Center .

Americans overwhelmingly say access to IVF is a good thing

Among parents with young adult children, some dads feel less connected to their kids than moms do, most east asian adults say men and women should share financial and caregiving duties, parents, young adult children and the transition to adulthood, public has mixed views on the modern american family, most popular.

1615 L St. NW, Suite 800 Washington, DC 20036 USA (+1) 202-419-4300 | Main (+1) 202-857-8562 | Fax (+1) 202-419-4372 |  Media Inquiries

Research Topics

  • Age & Generations
  • Coronavirus (COVID-19)
  • Economy & Work
  • Family & Relationships
  • Gender & LGBTQ
  • Immigration & Migration
  • International Affairs
  • Internet & Technology
  • Methodological Research
  • News Habits & Media
  • Non-U.S. Governments
  • Other Topics
  • Politics & Policy
  • Race & Ethnicity
  • Email Newsletters

ABOUT PEW RESEARCH CENTER  Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of  The Pew Charitable Trusts .

Copyright 2024 Pew Research Center


  1. 125 Controversial Research Topics and Ideas to Deal With

    what is a good controversial topic for a research paper

  2. 127 Best Research Paper Topics (2023 Update) HandMadeWriting

    what is a good controversial topic for a research paper

  3. Good Research Paper Topics You Can Really Use, With Examples and Ideas

    what is a good controversial topic for a research paper

  4. 🗣Controversial Research Topics For Students

    what is a good controversial topic for a research paper

  5. 005 Controversial Essay Example Topics For Research Essays Papers

    what is a good controversial topic for a research paper

  6. Interesting Argumentative Essay Topics + Infographics

    what is a good controversial topic for a research paper


  1. Proposal 101: What Is A Research Topic?

  2. ExRxIndia's Two-day National Webinar by Dr. Prem Kumar PhD. Topic: Research Paper Writing #exrxindia

  3. WBJEE 2024 Detailed Analysis Answer Key Solutions Physics

  4. Introduction to Research and how to choose a research topic

  5. How to Find the Excellent Research Topics

  6. What is research topic? Criteria for selecting topic, components and examples #health #research


  1. 99 of the Most Controversial Research Paper Topics (Controversial Yet

    Why Controversial Research Paper Topics Make The Best Research Papers 1. Stimulates Critical Thinking and Debates. Controversial research paper topics have the unique ability to spark intense debates and discussions among researchers, academics, and the general public. These topics often challenge preconceived notions and push individuals to ...

  2. 150+ Controversial Research Paper Topics & Ideas

    Good Controversial Research Paper Topics for Students. Selecting a captivating research paper topic can make the research paper writing process more engaging and thought-provoking. Here, we've curated a list of top research topics for students who are wondering what are some good controversial topics for a research paper.

  3. 100 Controversial Research Topics Guide For College Students

    The debate over abortion rights. The use of stem cells in medical research. Mental health stigma and societal impacts. The obesity epidemic and public health policies. The ethics of placebo use in clinical trials. The impact of telemedicine on patient care. The debate over patent laws and access to affordable medication.

  4. 300+ Controversial Research Topics

    Controversial Research Topics. Controversial Research Topics are as follows: The impact of genetically modified organisms on human health. The use of embryonic stem cells for medical research. The effectiveness of abstinence-only sex education. The effects of violent video games on children and adolescents. The link between intelligence and race.

  5. The Best Controversial Topics for Debates and Essays

    Controversial topics are a good choice for an essay or debate because they immediately draw in the reader or listener. The adage that "controversy sells" is so rooted in society that even the rapper Chamillionaire named his second album after it! ... Check out our list of 113 amazing research paper topics to put you on the path to an A+ ...

  6. 601 Controversial Questions & Topics for Research, Essays, & Debate

    Controversial topics often reflect current social challenges, allowing college students to contribute to discussions and decisions that influence the world around them. Look at the most interesting controversial debate questions for college that we have prepared for you! The crime behind animal testing in the beauty industry.

  7. Best Controversial Research Paper Topics [2024]

    Choosing controversial topics to write a research paper on can be both exciting and daunting. Follow these tips to help you make the best decision: Brainstorm - Start with an open-ended list of potential topics related to controversial issues, such as the death penalty or abortion. Connecting seemingly unrelated topics, such as sexuality and ...

  8. 30 Controversial Research Paper Topics & Ideas

    30 Controversial Research Paper Topics. Sometimes even a simple topic can be a challenge to come up with. So no wonder that so many people get stuck when they are asked to write a research paper with a controversial topic. Some of them are just too acute to choose, because they can turn a civilized discussion to the outright verbal fight.

  9. Guide to Controversial Topics

    This makes our list of controversial issues a great starting point on countless important topics in current events from global warming and universal health care to foreign affairs and the role of religious belief in the federal government. Whether you're starting a research paper or preparing for an exam; seeking a topic for a debate class or ...

  10. Current Events and Controversial Issues

    Look at the "Picking a Topic" tab on this guide for help brainstorming your topic. Also, our Research Process guide can help you throughout your research process. Research Process ... Balanced, accurate discussions of over 250 controversial topics in the news along with chronologies, illustrations, maps, tables, sidebars, contact info, and ...

  11. 100+ Topics for Argumentative Essays and Debates

    Need to write an argumentative essay? Preparing for an upcoming debate? ProCon.org has over 100 topics complete with pro and con arguments, quotes and statistics from experts, historical information, and other pertinent research. Abortion - Should abortion be legal? Alternative Energy - Can alternative energy effectively replace fossil fuels?

  12. 125 Controversial Research Topics and Ideas to Deal With

    Controversial Research Paper Writing Tips. After choosing a controversial research topic, follow the below-mentioned tips to come up with a praiseworthy controversial essay or research paper. The controversial research paper should cover all the major points of the selected topic in a simple and concise manner.

  13. 160 Good Argumentative Essay Topics for Students in 2024

    Lauren Green. With a Bachelor of Arts in Creative Writing from Columbia University and an MFA in Fiction from the Michener Center for Writers at the University of Texas at Austin, Lauren has been a professional writer for over a decade. She is the author of the chapbook A Great Dark House (Poetry Society of America, 2023) and a forthcoming ...

  14. 50 Compelling Argumentative Essay Topics

    An argumentative essay requires you to decide on a topic and argue for or against it. You'll need to back up your viewpoint with well-researched facts and information as well. One of the hardest parts is deciding which topic to write about, but there are plenty of ideas available to get you started.

  15. 52 Argumentative Essay Ideas that are Actually Interesting

    Coming up with an essay topic can be the hardest part of the process. You have very likely encountered argumentative essay writing in high school and have been asked to write your own. If you're having trouble finding a topic, we've created a list of 52 essay ideas to help jumpstart your brainstorming process!

  16. 50 Great Argumentative Essay Topics for Any Assignment

    Check out our helpful list of argumentative essay topics, plus tips on picking the best one for you. Call Direct: 1 (866) 811-5546 ... whereas an analytical essay contextualizes a topic with research. ... Research. A good argumentative essay isn't just based on your individual thoughts, but research. ...

  17. 113 Great Research Paper Topics

    113 Great Research Paper Topics. One of the hardest parts of writing a research paper can be just finding a good topic to write about. Fortunately we've done the hard work for you and have compiled a list of 113 interesting research paper topics. They've been organized into ten categories and cover a wide range of subjects so you can easily ...

  18. 205 Controversial Topics for Essays, Speeches, and Debates

    Pros. Immediately engaging - Your readers or listeners are unlikely to doze off.; Easy to find information on - You won't have to look far to find credible information on controversial issues.; Likely to keep you absorbed while researching - What's interesting for your audience will probably keep boredom at bay for you too.; Cons. Too sensitive for some people - These issues often ...

  19. 100 Controversial Essay Topics for any Assignment

    These controversial persuasive essay topics reflect this. iPhone Is an Uncomfortable and Highly Overrated Phone. Cloning Must Be Provided for Acceptable Prices to Grieving Families. Drones Could Be Used for Turning Wars into Soldier-less Fights. Wi-Fi Has Many Serious Drawbacks & Should Be Used with Care.

  20. Select a Research Topic: Current Events and Controversial Issues

    Points of View Reference Center contains many topics, each with an overview (objective background/description), point (argument) and counterpoint (opposing argument). For each topic, this database also offers a Guide to Critical Analysis, which helps the reader evaluate the controversial topics.

  21. Learning Guides: Controversial Issues: Choosing a Topic

    Selecting a Topic. Here are some basic tips for selecting a topic for any research paper. Choose: a topic that interests you. You're more likely to enjoy the research process, if you like the topic. Make sure: that your topic is not so broad that you are overwhelmed with information. Make sure: that your topic is not so narrow that you can't ...

  22. Research Paper Topics : Controversial Topics

    Research Paper Topics : Controversial Topics. A-C Toggle Dropdown. A Topics ; B Topics ; C Topics ; D - G Toggle Dropdown. D Topics ; E Topics ; F Topics ; G Topics ; H ... original research topics for every student's need. Call Number: REF LB1047.3.L35 1998. 100 More Research Topic Guides for Students. Call Number: Z710.M19 1999 (Ref and Circ ...

  23. Research Guides: Start your research: Picking a Good Topic

    Step 1: Choose a topic. The first step in doing research is choosing a good topic. A good research topic should be focused and clear and not something that can be answered by a Google search. For example, instead of asking "Why is social media harmful?"

  24. Cultural Relativity and Acceptance of Embryonic Stem Cell Research

    Voices in Bioethics is currently seeking submissions on philosophical and practical topics, both current and timeless. Papers addressing access to healthcare, the bioethical implications of recent Supreme Court rulings, environmental ethics, data privacy, cybersecurity, law and bioethics, economics and bioethics, reproductive ethics, research ethics, and pediatric bioethics are sought.

  25. How to Find Research Topics to Write About

    Choose a topic that's narrow enough to be thoroughly researched within the scope of your assignment. Avoid topics that are too general or too niche. Relevant. Make sure your topic is in line with your course or field of study. If you're unsure, talk to your professor for guidance. Original.

  26. 113 Perfect Persuasive Essay Topics for Any Assignment

    List of 113 Good Persuasive Essay Topics. Below are over 100 persuasive essay ideas, organized into ten categories. When you find an idea that piques your interest, you'll choose one side of it to argue for in your essay. For example, if you choose the topic, "should fracking be legal?" you'd decide whether you believe fracking should ...

  27. Napoleon: was he Good or Bad for France and Europe?

    Essay Example: Napoleon Bonaparte remains one of history's most enigmatic and controversial figures. His legacy is a subject of debate among historians and scholars, who assess his impact through various lenses. To determine whether Napoleon was "good" involves examining his contributions

  28. Legal abortion widely supported globally, especially in Europe

    In Europe, there is widespread agreement that abortion should be legal. In nearly every European country surveyed, at least 75% of adults hold this view, including roughly 25% or more who say it should be legal in all cases. Swedes are especially supportive: 95% say it should be legal, including 66% who say it should be legal in all cases.